Young men of the Maasai community undergo three rites of passage to transfer knowledge and educate them in their adult and social responsibilities. The first rite inducts the boys as morans, who live in a village where indigenous knowledge is transmitted through lessons, songs, folk-tales and proverbs. The second rite represents the start of adulthood, and the third marks the beginning of eldership. Together the rites enhance cultural identity, unity and continuity, although nowadays they are performed much less frequently and many fewer people take part.
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