Culture

Subject:
Cultural diversity

Language: Saami, Sweden. ©Discovery Channel 2004
Language: Saami, Sweden

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Language(s): Saami, English

Summary/Historical Context

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Oral traditions
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Saami

The Saami are an indigenous people who have inhabited the northern parts of Norway, Sweden and Finland, and much of the Kola Peninsula of Russia for thousands of years. The “Saami language” is a misleading term in that there is a number of distinct languages including Lule Saami, North Saami, Pite Saami, South Saami, and Ume Saaami in Sweden. Traditional Saami culture is marked by hunting and fishing activities. Today, only a small proportion of the Saami people (perhaps 10 percent) are nomadic reindeer-herders, but this part of traditional Saami life remains very important to Saami cultural practice. Fjord fisheries are also central to most Saami people and to Saami culture. The Saami have for more than a century resisted the attempts of non-Saami society to assimilate the Saami population. The establishment of a Saami Parliament (Sameting) in 1989 increased the linguistic, cultural and legal recognition of the Saami people.

References :

Communiqué drafted by representatives of the indigenous peoples organizations organizations for release at the AMAP International Symposium on Environmental Contamination of the Arctic (Tromsø, June 1997).

UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger:
- Akkala Saami
http://www.unesco.org/culture/languages-atlas/en/atlasmap/language-id-329.html .
- Inari Saami
http://www.unesco.org/culture/languages-atlas/en/atlasmap/language-id-329.html .
- Kildin Saami
http://www.unesco.org/culture/languages-atlas/en/atlasmap/language-id-329.html .
- Lule Saami
http://www.unesco.org/culture/languages-atlas/en/atlasmap/language-id-329.html .
- North Saami
http://www.unesco.org/culture/languages-atlas/en/atlasmap/language-id-329.html .
- Pite Saami
http://www.unesco.org/culture/languages-atlas/en/atlasmap/language-id-329.html .
- Skolt Saami
http://www.unesco.org/culture/languages-atlas/en/atlasmap/language-id-329.html .
- South Saami
http://www.unesco.org/culture/languages-atlas/en/atlasmap/language-id-329.html .
- Ter Saami
http://www.unesco.org/culture/languages-atlas/en/atlasmap/language-id-329.html .
- Ume Saami
http://www.unesco.org/culture/languages-atlas/en/atlasmap/language-id-329.html .

Place/country: Sweden,
Series: Connecting through culture- Celebrating diversity
Type: Documentary
Duration:
Credits: Discovery Channel (publisher), United Nations (producer).
Published in: 2004

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