Language(s): Bashkira, English
The Baka in Gabon form a group of forest people living in the northern border area to Cameroon. They are part of the large group of Baka found in Southwest Cameroon and Northeast of Congo Brazzaville. They migrated to Gabon in recent history. Like other groups of African pygmies (Efe, Sua, Aka, Babenzele, etc.), the Baka are traditionally nomadic, even though they are undergoing a process of slow sedentarization under the influence of multiple factors, such as massive deforestation, which deprives them of the natural and symbolic resources essential for their biological and cultural survival. The language of the Baka is Ubangian-based in contrast to other forest people groups in Gabon, whose languages are Bantu-based.
- Paulin, Pascale, 2007. "The Baka of Gabon: the Study of an Endangered Language and Culture", in Proceedings of FEL XI, Working Together for Endangered Languages: Research Challenges and Social Impacts. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 26-28 October 2007, David, M., Ostler, N. & Dealwis , C. (eds), University of Malaya, pp. 163-171(to see the full document: http://www.ddl.ish-lyon.cnrs.fr/fulltext/Paulin/Paulin_2007_FEL.pdf).
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