Ca trů is a complex form of sung poetry found in the north of Viet Nam using lyrics written in traditional Vietnamese poetic forms. Ca trů groups comprise three performers: a female singer who uses breathing techniques and vibrato to create unique ornamented sounds, while playing the clappers or striking a wooden box, and two instrumentalists who produce the deep tone of a three-stringed lute and the strong sounds of a praise drum. Some Ca trů performances also include dance. The varied forms of Ca trů fulfill different social purposes, including worship singing, singing for entertainment, singing in royal palaces and competitive singing. Ca trů has fifty-six different musical forms or melodies, each of which is called th? cách. Folk artists transmit the music and poems that comprise Ca trů pieces by oral and technical transmission, formerly, within their family line, but now to any who wish to learn. Ongoing wars and insufficient awareness caused Ca trů to fall into disuse during the twentieth century. Although the artists have made great efforts to transmit the old repertoire to younger generations, Ca trů is still under threat of being lost due to the diminishing number and age of practitioners.
Series: 2009 Inscriptions on the Representative List/Inscriptions 2009 sur la liste représentative,
Credits: Vietnamese Institute for Musicology (director)
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