"UNESCO is now born", DG speeches
Onn 12 November 2013 UNESCO’s General Conference elected Irina Bokova for a second four-year term as Director-General of the Organization. The UNESCO Archives marks this event by publishing the speeches by all the nine elected Director-Generals who have led the Organization since 1946. These speeches have become important historical documents since they set the tone for the terms of each DG. The 1962-speech by René Maheu is a good example: “L’Unesco, je veux que vous le sachiez, est devenu bien plus qu’une institution pour laquelle on travaille: elle est une mission à laquelle nous nous sommes voués ».These speeches remain sources of inspiration.
Julian Huxley: 1946 1st General Conference(see page 74)
Jaime Torres Bodet: 1948 3rd General Conference
Luther H. Evans:1953 2nd Extraordinary General Conference (see page 104)
Vittorino Veronese: 1958 10th General Conference (see page 329)
René Maheu :1962 12th General Conference(see page 286) and 1968 15th General Conference(see page 244)
Amadou Mahtar M’Bow:1974 18th General Conference and 1980 21st General Conference
Federico Mayor Zaragoza:1987 24th General Conference and 1993 27th General Conference
Koïchiro Matsuura:1999 30th General Conference and 2005 33rd General Conference
Irina Bokova:2009 35th General Conference and 2013 37th General Conference
Mandela, UNESCO and Apartheid
UNESCO Archives celebrates Nelson Mandela with a selection of items on apartheid and his words upon the receipt on the 1992 Félix Houphouët-Boigny Peace Prize.
- Withdrawal of the Union of South Africa (1956): Selection of Correspondence
- Withdrawal of the Union of South Africa
Paragraph 3 of Director-General’s 1955 report
- UNESCO Courier articles:
1992 Apartheid: the Beginning of the End
1977: Southern Africa at grips with racism
- Mandela’s speech upon the awarding of the 1992 Félix Houphouët-Boigny Peace Prize, video of the ceremony
Albert Chinua Achebe – UNESCO fellow
When Chinua Achebe applied for a UNESCO Fellowship for creative artists in 1962, he had already written Things Fall Apart and was Director of External Broadcasting at the newly created Nigerian Broadcasting Corporation. In his application, he wrote: “A change will only come as we get more confident in ourselves, and especially in our past.”
UNDP legal instruments
As part of the ongoing project to migrate our legal instruments database, descriptions of the legal instruments signed between UNESCO and the Special Fund/UNDP have been published along with a description of UNDP. Please see:
- Subseries A/293 Fonds spécial pour le développement économique (Nations Unies)
- EFTA, Special Fund and UNDP authority records
AtoM Progress Report – September 2012
Work in AtoM has been principally focused on the migration of data from our legacy legal instruments database, however, the records of former Deputy Director-General M.S. Adiseshiah have also been added. Please see :
Legal Instruments - Migrating Databases
Another Hammarskjöld - Independent Commission files describedIn 1988, Director-General Federico Mayor created an Independent Commission to advise the Director-General on ways and means of improving staff efficiency and management in the Unesco Secretariat. The Commission is informally known as the Hammarskjöld Commission after its Chair, Knut Hammarskjöld. The final report is available in UNESDOC. Description of the archival files has been entered in AtoM.Samples from the audio recordings are available in the Multimedia Archives.
Dag Hammarskjöld: "A Man of the Next Generation"
On 15th December 2011, UNESCO celebrated the 50th anniversary of the tragic death of Dag Hammarskjöld (Sweden), Secretary-General of the United Nations. On this occasion, The Courier and the UNESCO Archives pay tribute to this great visionary and intellectual in action.
Speech by Mr Gunnar Lund
Speech by Mr Alain Dejammet
Speech by Mr Hans Corell
Speech by Ms D. Houphouët-Boigny
Speech by Kaj Falkman
Interview with Mr Amadou Mahtar M'Bow
This interview with the former Director-General of UNESCO (1974-1987) was conducted by Ms Françoise Rivière, former Assistant Director-General for Culture, and Mr Doudou Diène, former Director of intercultural projects, during three morning sessions, on 21, 22 and 23 December 2009 in the framework of Oral Archives initiative. A personal account of UNESCO from 1950s to today