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Elections

About the General Conference
At each of its ordinary sessions, the General Conference is required to elect Member States to be members of the Executive Board or of the Commissions and other subsidiary organs of the Conference, in accordance with their rules of procedure or respective statutes. The Nominations Committee, after receiving a report from the Executive Board, and without any obligation to accept its recommendations, shall determine and submit to the General Conference the list of nominations for the posts of President and of the Vice-Presidents of the General Conference. It shall submit to the General Conference proposals for the composition of committees, commissions and other subsidiary organs of the Conference on which Member States are not all represented. Voting rights
Each Member State whose credentials have been found to comply with Rule 23 of the Rules of Procedure shall have one vote in the General Conference or in any of its committees, commissions and other subsidiary organs, unless it has not satisfied the provisions of paragraph 2 of Rule 83 of the Rules of Procedure (however, the General Conference may decide, on an exceptional basis and under certain conditions, to grant it full voting rights). Such Member State, however, shall have no vote in the General Conference or in any of its committees, commissions and other subsidiary organs if the total amount of contributions due from it exceeds the total amount of the contributions payable by it for the current year and the immediately preceding calendar year, unless the General Conference is satisfied that the failure to pay is due to conditions beyond the control of the Member State. Before each ordinary session of the General Conference the Director-General shall, using the most reliable and rapid channels, notify Member States in danger of losing voting rights in accordance with the provisions of Article IV.C, paragraph 8 (b), of the Constitution concerning their financial position with respect to the Organization and the provisions of the Constitution and Rules relating thereto, at least six months before the General Conference session is due to open. Member States shall address their communications invoking the provisions of Article IV.C, paragraph 8 (c), to the Director-General, who shall transmit them to the Administrative Commission of the General Conference. That Commission shall take up the matter at the commencement of its work and issue in plenary meeting, as a matter of priority, a report and recommendations on the subject. The aforesaid communications from Member States shall be submitted no later than three days after the commencement of the proceedings of the General Conference. In the absence of such a communication from the Member States concerned, the latter may no longer be authorized to take part in voting at that session of the General Conference. After that time limit has passed, and pending a decision by the General Conference in plenary meeting, only those Member States concerned that have submitted the above communication shall have the right to vote. Any decision to permit a Member State in arrears in the payment of its contributions to vote shall be made conditional upon that Member State’s observance of the recommendations for settlement of the arrears made by the General Conference. One Member State may not represent or vote for another. (From Rule 83 of the Rules of Procedure of the General Conference) Subsidiary Bodies

 

  1. General Committee, Commissions and Committees
  2. Legal Committee;
  3. Headquarters Committee;
  4. Council of the UNESCO International Bureau of Education (IBE);
  5. Intergovernmental Council for the Information for All Programme;
  6. International Coordinating Council of the Programme on Man and the Biosphere (MAB);
  7. Intergovernmental Council of the International Hydrological Programme;
  8. Intergovernmental Committee for Promoting Return of Cultural Property to its Countries of Origin or its Restitution in Case of Illicit Appropriation;
  9. Executive Committee for the International Campaign for the Establishment of the Nubia Museum in Aswan and the National Museum of Egyptian Civilization in Cairo;
  10. Intergovernmental Council of the International Programme for the Development of Communication (IPDC);
  11. Intergovernmental Council of the Management of Social Transformations (MOST) Programme;
  12. Intergovernmental Bioethics Committee;
  13. Intergovernmental Committee for Physical Education and Sport (CIGEPS);
  14. Governing Board of the UNESCO Institute of Statistics (UIS)
Executive Board Election of Members of the Executive Board
At each of its ordinary sessions, the General Conference shall elect by secret ballot the number of Members of the Executive Board required to fill the vacancies occurring at the end of the session. Members of the Executive Board shall be eligible for re-election. The term of office of each Member shall begin at the close of the session at which it is elected and shall end at the close of the second ordinary session following that election.

Groupings of Member States for the purpose of elections to the Executive Board

Member States
Group I 26 Nine seats
Group II 24 Seven seats
Group III 33 Ten seats
Group IV 41 Twelve seats
Group V 64 Twenty seats

Submission of the names of candidate States

The Director-General shall ask each Member State whether it intends to stand for election to the Executive Board. If so, the application must be sent to him or her at least six weeks, as far as possible, prior to the opening of the session, it being understood that candidate Member States may at the same time communicate to the other Member States and to the Director-General any information they consider relevant, including the name and curriculum vitae of the person they intend, if elected, to designate as their representative on the Board. At least four weeks prior to the opening of the ordinary session of the General Conference, the Director-General shall send Member States the provisional list of Member States that are candidates. At the opening of the ordinary session of the General Conference, the Director-General shall have drawn up and delivered to the Chairperson of the Nominations Committee and to each head of delegation a list of the Member States’ applications that have been transmitted to him or her by that date. Subsequent applications shall be admissible only if they reach the Secretariat of the General Conference at least forty-eight hours before the beginning of the ballot. The Nominations Committee shall submit to the General Conference a list of all the Member States that are candidates, indicating the electoral group to which they belong and the number of seats to be filled in each electoral group. Procedure for the election of members of the Executive Board
Election of Member States to the Executive Board
The election of Members of the Executive Board shall be conducted by secret ballot. The Secretariat shall prepare for each delegation an envelope without any distinguishing mark and separate ballot papers, one for each of the electoral groups. The ballot paper to elect Member States for each electoral group shall be of a different colour from the others and bear the names of all the Member States that are candidates for election in that electoral group. The voters shall indicate the candidates for which they wish to vote by inserting the sign x in the box appearing opposite the name of each candidate in this way: x . This sign will be considered as an affirmative vote in favour of the candidate so indicated. The ballot paper shall carry no other notation or sign than those required for the pupose of indicating the vote. Ballot papers and envelopes shall be distributed to delegations by the Secretariat the day before the ballot, together with relevant information concerning the carrying out of the ballot. Each delegation shall be invited to choose a person to vote on its behalf. Voting shall be held in a room separate from the meeting rooms. This room shall be equipped with voting booths and with polling stations to which the delegations will be directed according to alphabetical arrangements corresponding to the names of their respective States. Ballot papers and envelopes shall also be available in the room. Voting shall be supervised by the President of the General Conference (or by a Vice-President designated by the President) and by the tellers. They will be assisted by members of the Secretariat designated by the Secretary of the General Conference. The tellers shall satisfy themselves that the ballot box is empty and, having locked it, shall hand the key to the President of the General Conference or the Vice-President designated by the President. Delegates may cast their vote at any time within the period indicated for the ballot. Before placing the envelope in the ballot box, each delegate will be required to write his or her name on the list of Member States entitled to vote at the session and sign it. A delegate who comes forward to vote on behalf of his or her delegation will be presumed to represent that delegation, it being understood that only one vote per delegation is allowed. The following shall be considered invalid:
    a) ballot papers on which a voter has cast an affirmative vote in favour of more candidates than there are seats to be filled ;
    b) ballot papers on which the voters have revealed their identity, in particular by apposing their signature or mentioning the name of the Member State they represent ;
    c) ballot papers on which the name of any candidate appears more than once ;
    d) ballot papers containing no indication as to the intention of the voter;
    e) subject to the provisions (a), (b) (c) and (d) above, a ballot paper shall be considered valid when the tellers are satisfied as to the intention of the voter.
The absence of any ballot paper in the envelope shall be considered as an abstention. 

Current composition of the Executive Board 

Group (States) Seats Until the end of the 32nd session Until the end of the 33rd session
Group I (26) 9 seats France
Greece
Italy
Netherlands
Spain


Germany
Iceland
Turkey
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Nothern Ireland
Group II (24) 7 seats Georgia
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Belarus
Slovakia
Ukraine


Group III (33) 10 seats Chile
Dominican Republic
Mexico
Peru

Bahamas
Brazil
Cuba
Dominica
Jamaica
Suriname
Group IV (41) 12 seats Bangladesh
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Malaysia
Pakistan
Philippines
Republic of Korea
Australia
China
India
Japan
Vanuatu
Viet Nam


Group V (64) 20 seats Benin
Chad
Ethiopia
Kuwait
Madagascar
Malawi
Morocco
Nigeria
Oman
Tunisia


Algeria
Burkina Faso
Egypt
Jordan
Kenya
Mozambique
Rwanda
Senegal
Swaziland
United Republic of Tanzania
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