ADOPTED BY THE PARTICIPANTS OF THE
SECOND INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM
"FOR A CULTURE OF PEACE IN THE THIRD MILLENNIUM"
Baden-Baden, Germany, 20 August 1998
We, the participants of the Second International Symposium "For a Culture of Peace in
the Third Millennium" and the 10th International Conference on Systems Research,
Informatics and Cybernetics, held from 17 to 21 August 1998 in Baden-Baden, Germany,
sponsored by The International Institute for Advanced Studies in Systems Research and
Cybernetics in co-operation with UNESCO,
- Express our full support for the efforts of the United Nations Educational,
Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) aimed at the elaboration and promotion of
the concept of a culture of peace, presented by the Director-General of UNESCO, Mr
Federico Mayor, in the document 154 EX/42 "Preliminary Consolidated Report to the
United Nations on a Culture of Peace", and the implementation of the project
"Towards the Culture of Peace" which prove the determination of the world
community to enter the 21st century and the Third Millennium, leaving behind the culture
of war and the logic of force which have prevailed over the force of reason for thousands
- Welcome the decision of the United Nations General Assembly in resolution
52/15 which proclaims the year 2000 as the International Year for the Culture of Peace.
- We are aware that in order to achieve the transfer from the culture of war to
a culture of peace, humanity must be ready to recognize its failures: the ineffectiveness
of the development policies adopted to date, the ineffectiveness of measures which ignore
the individual and continue to engender marginality, poverty and frustration, we must also
recognize that the exclusion, poverty and injustice which are at the root of may of
today's conflicts result from reductionist concept of the individual;
- We are convinced that a culture of peace is closely connected with a culture
of human rights and democracy and that peace cannot be built and preserved if basic rights
and fundamental freedoms of individuals or groups are violated and when discrimination and
exclusion generate conflict;
- We underline that education for peace, human rights, democracy, international
understanding and tolerance are particularly important because peace and democracy cannot
be built in a single day and because most effective protection for peace and democracy is
provided by an educated and responsible public;.
- We stress that effective education for peace must embrace all levels, formal and
informal, and all groups of population, and that the objectives of education for a culture
of peace must include both dissemination of fundamental values of peace as well as the
creation of an adherence to these fundamental values and a readiness to defend and follow
them in everyday, lie or in other words education for a culture of peace should aim at the
creation of peaceful, non-violent behavioural patterns and skills.
We, scientists and educators, are able of making an important contribution to the
building of a culture of peace and dialogue. We, as intellectuals who can influence the
minds of other people, are responsible for inculcating the values of respect for human
life, cultural diversity, tolerance, non-violence, dialogue, justice, freedom, and
personal responsibility which form the basis of peace. Taking into account the complexity
of the present day's world, we must establish forums for scientific, intellectual and
ethical planning in preparation for the twenty-first century.
We, representatives of science and culture, appeal to our colleagues in different
countries to mobilize their efforts aimed at the promotion of a culture of peace. To
understand the part each individual has to play in the construction of peace is essential
for developing a wide international movement in support of constructing the defences of
peace in the minds of men.
We must develop scientific research and education for a culture of peace by preparing
educational materials using a wide variety of media technologies and languages. Training
for a culture of peace must transmit the skills of transforming conflict into
co-operation, in particular in finding solutions to common problems and developing joint
We appeal to the United Nations Economic and Social Committee to proclaim the Decade
for Education for a Culture of Peace and Non-Violence starting from the year 2001 in order
to mobilize the whole of the world community for the implementation of these tasks.