EXPERT GROUP MEETING
MALE ROLES AND MASCULINITIES IN THE PERSPECTIVE OF
A CULTURE OF PEACE
I - INTRODUCTION
The meeting was primarily European in scope. Resource persons from five continents
ensured, however an inter-regional perspective. The meeting counted some 60 participants
from 30 countries, including: 17 experts, 6 resource persons, 15 international observers,
including from NGOs, governments and the UN system and some 20 Norwegian observers.
2. Opening statements
- Participants were welcomed to the meeting with short addresses from Ms Helga Hernes,
Ambassador, Royal Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and Ms Ingrid Eide, Chairperson
of the Norwegian National Commission for UNESCO. Ms Ol÷f Olafsdˇttir, of the Council of
Europe, reported from the related seminar "Promoting Equality: A Common Issue for Men
and Women" recently held by the Council of Europe.
- The Representative of the Director-General of UNESCO, Ms Ingeborg Breines, referred to
the Information Note and the background of the meeting, the relevant UNESCO procedures,
and UNESCO's hopes and expectations for the meeting, which included strengthening the
conceptual framework and defining policies and action in order to move towards overcoming
gender related obstacles to building a culture of peace.
3. Presentations and election of officers
- After a round of presentations, Mr. ěystein Gullvňg Holter was elected chairperson,
and Ms Svetlana Slapak and Mr. Michael Kaufman vice-chairpersons. Mr. Robert Connell
was elected rapporteur and Ms Constantina Safilios-Rothschild, Ms Marysia Zalewski and Mr.
Robert Morrell co-rapporteurs.
- Mr. Malvern Lumsden introduced in an informal session on the first day, diverse and
creative ways of getting to know each other, and expanded on art as a means of developing
non-violent conflict resolution.
4. Adoption of the Agenda and working procedures
- The proposed agenda and procedures were adopted. (See annex I). Participants chose to
have small group discussions on most of the topics of the agenda in addition to the
presentations of papers and the plenary discussions.
- Two psychologists and peace researchers acted as process facilitators.
5. Report and recommendations
- The experts agreed on the last day on a set of recommendations. The rapporteur and the
chairperson were given the responsibility to finalize the wording of the recommendations
in accordance with the discussions and the spirit of the meeting and in co-operation with
the representative of the Director General. (See Chapter III).
- The experts further agreed to the rapporteur's summary of the issues and themes of the
meeting. (See Chapter II).
- Abstracts of the presented papers have been included in this report in order to provide
a broader background for the recommendations. (See Chapter IV).
- It is intended to publish a selection of papers in book form at a later date.
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