UNESCO's Transdisciplinary Project
"Towards a Culture of Peace"





News and Events






UN Resolutions

Year 2000,
International Year for
the Culture of Peace

Manifesto 2000

Education for a Culture of Peace

Peace, Human
Rights, Democracy
and Tolerance

Peace and New
Dimensions of

Women and a
Culture of Peace

Intercultural Dialogue
and Pluralism for a
Culture of Peace


UNESCO Offices and






Thursday 13th June
General Programme
9.00-11.00 a.m.
ROUND TABLE IV: Presentation and discussion
Defence and Security Policies for Peace

Chairperson : Mr Christian Décharrière, Prefect, Assistant Director of the Institut des Hautes Etudes de Défense Nationale (IHEDN)

Democratic institutions, productive economic systems and a stable society need the support of the forces of public order if their continuity is to be guaranteed. The experience of the more advanced countries makes it clear that, far from being a tool of agression or repression, the army can, in the framework of an international balance of forces, play a key role in assisting peace, or even reconstruction, efforts. Wether deployed outside a nation's frontiers, in very complex co-operative peace-keeping or peace-building operations, or used within its frontiers as a factor in social cohesion, organized action and support for progress, the army has proved itself capable in today's world, under certain conditions, of making a very useful contribution to development and peace. It is therefore crucially important to define these conditions and ensure that they are met.

Ms Dominique Bangoura, Education supervisor and President of the Observatoire Politique et Stratégique de l'Afrique (Université Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne)
"What role for African armies on the threshold of the twenty-first century ?"
Ms Rika Szermerkinyi, Research worker at the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS), London and Mr Rudolf Joo, Research worker at the Georges C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies, Garmisch-Partenkirchen
"Democratic control of armies in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe"
Mr Luciano Caglioti, Director of Strategic Projects at the Italian National Centre for Scientific Research
"Use of military technological and logistical potential by the civilian sector"
Mr Janusz Symonides, Director of the Division of Human Rights, Democracy and Peace at UNESCO
"The new role of the army in peace-building"
Coffee break
Summary of the round tables
by Mr Philippe Ratte, Dean of studies at IHEDN
Presentation of the afternoon's workshops and their objectives
by Mr René Zapata, Senior Planning Specialist at UNESCO
12.00 noon
Lunch at the Ecole Militaire
2.15-4.30 p.m.
Different perceptions of security and insecurity

Chairperson : Ms Anaisabel Prera Flores, Special adviser to the Director-General of UNESCO

The twin concepts of security and insecurity can be understood in very different ways depending on place, circumstances and the dimensions they assume. Differences in cultural background and historical experience lead peoples to attribute different meanings to these terms, associating with them their own distinct complexes of memories, attitudes and hopes. Anyone who wishes partial insecurity to be replaced by global security must start by clearly identifying conflicting approaches, partly in order to see if any underlying similarities exist, where this is possible, and partly to ensure that legitimate differences in approach are scrupulously respected.
Discussions between institutes of defence and security in the various world regions to bring out these differences and similarities are a methodological preliminary to any programme of action in this area.

2.15-2.30 p.m. Presentation of the subject of the first workshop
by Mr Thomas Forstenzer,
Executive Officer in the Executive Office of the Director-General
2.30-4.00 p.m. Work in regional groups
Coordonnateur : Mr Larry SEAQUIST, President and founding member of the Strategy Group
4.00-4.30 p.m.Conclusions of the first workshop presented by the rapporteurs of the groups
4.30 p.m.
Coffe Break
4.45-7.00 p.m.
Action required by insecurity

Chairperson : Ms Moufida GOUCHA
Special adviser to the Director-General of UNESCO

The purpose of this meeting is to reflect together on ways of dealing effectively with insecurity in our time. Obviously no initiative in this area can be taken without detailed knowledge of the situation on the ground, but a discriminating awareness of the sensibilities of the different peoples in this area is also needed. The key to the skills required for action in this area is thus essentially cultural. The correct definition of collective lines of conduct in this area is of course a political matter, but it must be informed by a cultural awareness. Neither can any action be taken without a keen sensitivity to the cultural environment and a moral framework, which must also be culturally grounded.
Institutes in which the élite corps concerned receive their moral, intellectual and doctrinal grounding thus have a specific role to play in respect of our collective ability to build security.

4.45-5.00 p.m.Presentation of the subject of the second workshop
par Mr René ZAPATA, Senior Planning Specialist at UNESCO
5.00-6.30 p.m.Work in regional groups
Coordonnateur : Mr Larry SEAQUIST, President and founding member of the Strategy Group
6.30-7.00 p.m.Conclusions of the second workshop presented by the rapporteurs of the groups

21 place Joffre
75700 PARIS
07 SP
7 place de Fontenoy
75352 PARIS
07 SP