Environment and development
in coastal regions and in small islands
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Extract from 165 EX/29 Addendum page 41
PARIS, 13 September 2002
Item 8.4 of the provisional agenda

Financial Report and Audited Financial Statements of UNESCO for the period ended 31 December 2001 and report by the external auditor

Case 1: Jakarta Bay Project

Jakarta Bay Project – within the platform on Environment and Development in Coastal Regions and Small Islands (CSI)

This project illustrates good management of diverse activities including constructive Headquarters and field cooperation. It is part of an innovative attempt to deal with widespread issues that transcend national borders, and it involves the Natural Sciences, Social and Human Sciences, Culture, Education and Communication Sectors of UNESCO, as well as many other agencies.

The Jakarta Bay project in Indonesia is a long-term attempt to deal with the effects of Jakarta’s rapid urban growth on the sensitive coastal marine environment. It began, for UNESCO, with studies and workshops over 15 years ago. Jakarta’s population is now estimated to be about 20 million, making it the seventh largest urban agglomeration in the world. Its expansion has caused massive problems in waste management, flooding and land subsidence, unsustainable coastal resources exploitation, and serious pollution and other problems. Particularly affected are thousands living on 30 of the more than 100 islands in shallow Jakarta Bay.

This project, which is large in scope but not in budget, has been going on for at least 4 years and is continuing. The budget in 1998-99 was $94,500 and in 2000-01 it was $133,350 (including regular programme, participation programme and associated funds, but excluding contributions in kind).

More than half this money came from outside the Natural Sciences Sector.

At the time of our field visit in March 2000, activities in the Jakarta Bay Project included 5 community development sites, 3 recycling centres including several markets, schools, community learning centres, and 27 study sites. Natural Sciences Sector plays a planning and catalyst role, in particular commissioning scientific research and planning studies, arranging cooperation with local government, non-governmental organizations and other organizations, and launching and assessing pilot projects. In addition to scientific work, these activities involve education, direct community action and communication, and studies aimed at respecting local culture, all of which involve consultation with other sectors of UNESCO.

UNESCO’s activities are based on plans for the next 5 years, which in turn are based on considerable research, expert consultation, and discussions with government officials and other partners and stakeholders. The local staff appears to have good rapport with all parties concerned including Headquarters staff. There is constructive communication particularly with the chief of CSI at Headquarters who has extensive field experience, and visits field sites frequently. When the budget was cut unexpectedly in the latter part of 1999, the chief took innovative steps to keep the project going and morale high.

Regular detailed reports of activities are posted on the CSI web site and reported in the C/3 and in the budget status reports to Headquarters and the Board. While tangible results or outcomes are difficult to determine, there are indications of progress in expanding the pilot projects and support for wise coastal practices. For example, a model for waste management at traditional markets was set up and implemented at pilot sites, reducing daily organic waste by 40 per cent. Waste is now considered a resource for complementary livelihoods through recycling, composting and production of medicinal plants from compost. This composting activity and others have consequently reduced the waste load on the waters of Jakarta Bay.

An evaluation of CSI in 2001 covered the Jakarta Bay Project as well as other successes and failures to date. It commented favourably on CSI’s catalytic and coordination role within UNESCO, but the terms of reference did not include an evaluation of the effectiveness of its communications or address UNESCO’s comparative advantage in dealing with other donor agencies such as United Nations Development Programme and United Nations Environment Programme.


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