Environment and development
in coastal regions and in small islands
colbartn.gif (4535 octets)

Assessment UNESCO Chair in 
Sustainable Coastal
Management, University of Latvia, Riga

Date of
assessment
:

6th to 8th September 2003
Assessment completed: 31st January 2004

Assessment
conducted by
:

Dr. Gerd Michelsen, University of Lüneburg, Germany; Dr. Michel Shilin, Russian State Hydrometeorological University, St. Petersburg, Russia; Mr. Uli Graebener, UNESCO Moscow Office (all not closely associated with the chair) and  Dr. Raimonds Ernsteins, chair-holder, UNESCO Chair on Sustainable Coastal Development, University of Latvia, Riga (closely associated with the chair)

Results

Legal basis:

The UNESCO Chair was established at the Centre for Environmental Sciences and Management Studies of the University of Latvia (CESAMS) and the legal relationship is confirmed in a document entitled: ‘Regulations on the UNESCO Chair in Sustainable Coastal Development, Institute for Environmental Science and Management, University of Latvia’. According to the information of the chair holder, this agreement is currently being discussed, and the Centre will most likely be integrated into one of the faculties of the University. While this might be useful for financial and administrative reasons, the chair would otherwise be better of with its current independent status.  


Chairholder

The contract between UNESCO and the University of Latvia is attached to this report (Annex 4). This agreement has recently expired. The Chair was advised to request a prolongation of the agreement with a letter addressed to the Director General of UNESCO. 

The assessment team suggested, that UNESCO Chair should in future be considered to be identical with the Centre (which is in line with Article 4 of the agreement), to make best use of the image of UNESCO.  

Due to the relatively high overhead rate of the University, it is difficult for the Centre to provide its experience commercially, e.g. in form of consultancy activities. 

Recommendations:

It is recommended that the Centre (chair) will keep its independent status within the University of Latvia. If this proved to be impossible, it is strongly recommended, that the chair will be included into a faculty, where it can keep a maximum degree of independence (e.g. into the Faculty of Economy). It is also recommended that the chair urgently send, via the Rector of the University of Latvia, a letter to UNESCO requesting the prolongation of the agreement on the status of a UNESCO chair. Arrangements enabling the chair to also act commercially as a centre of excellence could open new opportunities for income generation.

Teaching:

Teaching

The UNESCO chair’s responsibility is to carry out the Master’s study program in Environmental Management and the PhD study program. The Master’s study program was revised in the last few months. It has an inter-disciplinary approach with a strong focus on social science and is characterised by the following elements: problem analysis, politics, planning, program and practice. The study program lasts two years, it integrates practical experience and field exercise in groups and has two attendance days every two weeks during the semester. Additionally, the students, who normally work besides their studies, have to cope with reading, other working materials and homework in private studies. The Master’s thesis is written during the study time and evaluated by a teaching staff member once a semester. A semester abroad is not mandatory. Each intake consists of 40 to 60 students, the dropout quota is extremely low (about 1 – 2 students).  Talks with students showed that the degree of satisfaction among them is very high. Until now, more than 300 students have successfully graduated. The Master’s study program is carried out by the chair with 5 teaching staff members (professors and lecturers with PhD degrees from different disciplines), 3 staff members in charge of the students (also with university degrees), several lecturers with PhD degrees, other lecturers, experts and practitioners from outside the university.

The 3 years PhD study program is attended by around 12 PhD students at the moment. Normally, the PhD students are graduates from the Master’s study program. PhD study results are regularly presented in seminars. Studies abroad for research purposes were not obligatory. Some PhD students teach in the Master’s study program. The first graduates from the PhD study program are expected in 2004. Besides the PhD study program, a one-year Distance Study program ‘Municipal Environmental Protection’ in cooperation with Lüneburg University (Germany) is carried out. This program is attended by around 25 students. Furthermore, a two-year university-college programme and a study program with close job relevance are being considered.

 The teaching of the UNESCO chair includes the inter-disciplinary approach, field studies, group work and the Master’s thesis.

Recommendations:

2003 masters of environmental 
sciences graduates

Altogether, the Master’s study program is very useful and beneficial and should be continued in the present revised form. The chair should consider internationalisation of the separate study programs; this could be realised through the regular inclusion of teaching staff from foreign universities (guest seminars and lectures), a more intensive utilisation of existing cooperation or study visits (if the student has the knowledge of the relevant teaching language) at a foreign university. Giving some lectures in English should be a goal.

Research:

The research activities of the UNESCO chair have been categorized by the Ministry of Education as Environmental Sciences. The activities of the chair can be divided into the following fields of research: 

Ø      Environmental System Analysis and Management

Ø      Environmental Policy and Planning

Ø      Coastal Sustainable Development and Local Agenda 21 Planning

Ø      Municipal Environmental Management

Ø      Environmental Communication

Ø      Environmental Pedagogy

Ø      Environmental Impact Assessment

Ø      Public Participation and Environmental Awareness

Ø      Environmental Science Theory

A list of the research projects conducted by the chair in the course of the last years is attached to this report (Annex 2). The projects fall into the following principle categories: (a) Research and development projects, e.g. the North Kurzeme field project; (b) Educational projects, and (c) Pure research projects. The research activities of the chair can be considered very broad and variable and serve mainly practical national research needs.

The chair’s research can be characterized by:

Ø      Interdisciplinary platform

Ø      Cross-sectoral activities

Ø      Orientation to the practical needs of local municipalities (territorial planning; principles of the garbage utilization),

Ø      Collaborative approach,

Ø      Development of initiated field pilot projects into sustainable long-term activities

The collaborative, transdisciplinary research approach of the chair, together with the close cooperation with communities and stakeholders can be regarded as its main asset. This includes analysing local initiatives, public and stakeholder involvement, as well as conducting applied research in close cooperation and with local professionals, government authorities, non governmental organizations (NGOs) and local business. The cooperation partners for the development and implementation of field projects are the North Kurzeme Municipalities Association, the Slitere National Park and Nature Reserve and the minority representation by the Livonian Coast and the Cape of Kolka.   

Personnel are highly educated and skilled, with multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary skills. A precondition for the successful work of the chair is the fact that it has close and personal contacts with all main stakeholders in the priority areas for field work, and is widely accepted as a neutral moderator.


Riga Chair holder and his staff
Recommendations:

It is recommended that the chair fully shares its experiences in the collaborative and transdisciplinary approach.

Publications:

Publications of the chair include 24 brochures (teacher and student oriented, in Latvian, with English summaries), a special chapter in the Annual Research University Conference (with 20 – 30 presentations every year, in Latvian), materials of the Baltic Conferences on Environmental Science and Management (in English), materials of the UNESCO workshops and seminars (in English). 

Documentation is mostly in Latvian, with only short English abstracts for a few reports. Activities are well documented in the local language. 

Recommendations:

Reporting of the chair’s activities in other languages needs to be improved. 

Sharing of experiences needs to be expanded beyond the immediate area of the field project and the coastal zone of Latvia using magazines, bulletins, or other informational material. In addition, sharing the successes and lessons with other CSI chairs, interested colleagues and partners through seminars, workshops, annual reports, magazines and the internet, would be beneficial.  

Equipment:

The space occupied by the chair (5 working-rooms, 2 seminar-rooms, one for 20 and one for  40 people, computer-pool with 7 work places, boardroom, library, social room, kitchen and toilets) seems to be sufficient at this point of time. Each working place is equipped with a telephone connection and a computer with the relevant software. Furthermore, a fax machine is available. The chair does not have its own laboratories; but shares these facilities with the corresponding institutes of natural science at the university. Equipment for simple sampling, e.g. water tests, is available. The library, which is very frequently used by the students, contains nearly 6,000 volumes, including English and German literature. However, due to a lack of financial resources in the last few years, the library was not regularly updated and some international journals are completely missing.

Recommendations:

The contents of the library need to be improved. As a first step, after a survey of the journals available at the university, subscriptions should be taken out for appropriate international journals. Likewise, the stock of handbooks, anthologies and monographs should be updated. For teaching purposes, a projector is needed.

Cooperation/
Partnerships
: 

A list of ongoing partnerships had been prepared as part of this assessment and is attached to this report (Annex 2). The UNESCO chair co-operates with different faculties inside the University, e.g. faculties for Geography and Earth Science, Biology, Economics, and especially with some subjects of the Riga Technical University outside the university. On the international level, the chair maintains contacts with universities in Sweden, Denmark, Germany, United Kingdom, Italy, Spain and the United States. Furthermore, the chair is  integrated into several networks: The Baltic UNITWIN Programme; Nordic Baltic Network (until 1999); UNESCO/UNTWIN Network and CoNET CZA 21. Additionally, an EU LIFE project, Livonian Green Coastal Region – 21, is carried out and the German Latvian study program, Distance Education for Environmental Protection and Sustainable Regional Development in Latvia, is jointly realised with Lüneburg University. A closer cooperation with the two other UNESCO chairs for Sustainable Coastal Management has not taken place until now. Besides this cooperation, the chair works together with several non-university institutions (ministries, regional and local governments, associations and NGOs). Cooperation with the business level is not so well developed. 

To summarise, the chair has numerous partnerships inside and outside the scientific community, that facilitate a lively exchange inside and outside the scientific field. The various partnerships reflect the chair’s inter- and multi-disciplinary method of working.

Recommendations:

The existing cooperation and partnerships should be used to initiate joint research projects. In these projects, the chair should take over a stronger position. It should pick-up the initiative for a possible reactivation of the Nordic Baltic Network. The cooperation with the other UNESCO Chairs in Asia and Africa, supported by the UNESCO, should be increased. It also seems reasonable to improve the cooperation within the UNESCO CSI UNITWIN network, however, the interests of the partners seem to be rather diverse. It is suggested that a clear focus for cooperation within this network should be developed. Finally, the chair should consider how contacts to Latvian business enterprises could be established. 

Appearance/
Recognition
:

The appearance and recognition of the chair within Latvia is remarkable. Many graduates of the Master’s Study program and PhD students work in professional and executive levels of the civil service, e.g. department heads in the Ministry of Environment, and local departments of environment and planning, and have the possibility to use their university gained knowledge and experience directly in their practical work. The projects carried out by the chair in Latvia have direct effects on the region and different municipalities (North-Kurzeme, Kolka, Roja and others). The chair holder and staff of the chair have close contacts to ministries, governmental and para-statal institutions as well as NGOs in Latvia, and their expertise is in demand. The appearance and recognition on the international level is not as well developed. Mostly, the chair takes part in conferences and organises international workshops in Latvia. There are no information documents or annual reports by the chair with which it could draw the attention to its concrete work.

Recommendations:

The existing international contacts should be used more strongly, not only to exchange concrete scientific experience, but also to leave some marks in other international projects. The chair should not shy away from bringing its concrete work into the public light. It should organise more international conferences with the purpose to have an international discourse about the results of the chair’s work. In addition, further development of the homepage, the preparation of a short flyer or information material and an annual report about the chair’s work, which could be given to actual and prospective partners as well as to other interested persons, is recommended. A final recommendation is to prepare a ’Yearbook of Sustainable Coastal Management’ with a peer review in English. The yearbook should be open to publications by external researchers. 

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Follow-up 

During the assessment, the following list of potential future activities had been identified as priorities for the chair: 

  1. A book/publication on The transdisciplinary approach, experiences of the CESAMS/UNESCO CSI Chair, Latvia.

  2. An international conference with a similar focus, participants being the other UNESCO CSI chairs.

  3. A scientific yearbook on sustainable coastal management.

  4. A project proposal: Influence of a rich harbor city on economically underdeveloped neighboring regions.

  5. A project proposal focusing on improving communication and information exchange with the UNESCO Moscow Office.

  6. Initiation of Baltic cooperation on education standards for higher education in the field of environmental management.

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Staff discussions

Annex 1   Methodology and schedule for the assessment  

Preliminary information analysis: Before the trip to Riga, teaching course programs of the chair, and some research results were studied using documents which were sent by email.  

Detailed visit to the chair, at the University of Latvia, Riga: During September 6-8, the research/scientific reports, publications and written materials were studied. The UNESCO chair holder, Prof. Dr. R. Ernsteins reported on main directions of the scientific work and research projects.  

In the morning of September 8, a meeting with the Secretary General of the Latvian National Commission for UNESCO, Dace Neiburga, took place. The meeting was used to discuss the present and future activities of the chair. 

On September 8 a seminar was specially organized with oral presentations by 7 doctoral/research students of the chair (Sarmite Grundsteine, Eriks Leitis, Lolita Neilande, Agrita Ozola, Diana Shulga, Evalds Urtans and Gunars Zakis). After the seminar, PhD students, Lolita Neilande (Head of the Council of Sabiles Novads), Evalds Urtans (Chairman of the Latvian Fishermen Federation), and Masters student, Anita Perkone, were interviewed about their research activities at the chair.  

No field trips took place because all the members of the assessment team were familiar with the research activities of the chair in the North Kurzeme Pilot region. Two members had participated in the assessment of this project, which took place in autumn of 2002 (see: http://www.unesco.org/csi/act/russia/assess14.htm).

 

Annex 2   List of projects 1992 - 2003

2001-2003      ES LIFE ENVIRONMENT Programme, project ‘Livonian Gren region – 21’. Co-op. Dundaga municipality. 
2003 - ong Latvian Fisheries Foundation – project on fish resources management in Roja
2002-2004 EU Leonardo Programme project on professional training in environmental management
2002 - ong UNESCO UNITWIN : Wi-Cop
2002-2003 UNESCO  PP  Project  Wise Coastal Practices cases in coastal areas in Latvia
2001-2004 Environmental management and sustainable development in municipalities. Co-op. – University of Luneburg, DBU, LVAF, Latvian Union of Municipalities. 
2001-2002 Environmental management and Ecotechnologies – II (EP-ET). Nordic Council of Ministers. Co-op. Stockholm University and Norwegian Institute of Urban Planning. 
2001-2002 UNESCO Chair in Sustainable Coastal Development - Research and Training Support.
2001-2002 Agenda 21 of Coastal regions – Co-Net. Co-op. DBU, University of Hannover 
2000 EU SAPARD program in Latvia, ‘Strategic Environmental Assessment for program implementation’
2000 Design and implementation of distance training program for municipalities ‘Sustainable municipal development,’ German Environmental Fund
2000 EU PHARE project tender ‘Environmental Training Development’: 
Local Agenda 21 coordinators (4 cp)
Environmental Communication (6 cp)
1999-2000 Environmental Management system for universities , Swedish Institute and Mid - Sweden University
1999-2000 Research project, Environmental planning and eco- technologies: professional requirements and training developments, Nordic Council 
1998-1999 Public Participation and Sustainable Development Action Program for Bartava Region, OSCEM Bartava, European Union PHARE, cross-border cooperation Latvia – Sweden
1998-1999 The Study for Development of Local Environmental Policy Plan for Roja municipality
1998 The Analysis of Environmental Communication Instruments and Means for the Involvement of Society in the Realization of Environmental Policy. Commissioned by the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development
1997-1998 Joint cooperation program ‘Environment and Technology for municipalities and vocational education’ by SIDA (Mid Sweden University) Ange community
1997-2001 Modern Environmental Strategies and Single Enterprise Towns in Russia and Latvia, Norwegian Institute of Urban and Regional studies and the Research Council of Norway
1997-1998 The Baltic survey on the demand for environmental technologies and services (industry, municipalities, consultancies) - case of Latvia; Regional Environment Center, Budapest
1997-1998 Regional Network for Developing Strategic Competence Centers in Environmental Studies, European Union, Tempus/Phare Compact Measures project (CME-96-2544)
1997 Sustainable Development Indicators for the Local Municipalities of Latvia, project commissioned the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development
1997 Democracy and Sustainable Development, PHARE Democracy Micro-project
1996-1997 Project ‘The Use of Knowledge in Post-socialist Environmental Management’, the second phase - Latvian case study on Rucava municipality and the Lake Pape management plan, Norwegian Institute of Urban and Regional and supported by the Research Council of Norway
1996-1998 The Research Support Scheme (RSS) of the Open Society Institute/ Higher Education Support Program (OSI/HESP) ‘Cooperation for Environmental Management in the Baltic Region: Research and Development for Regional Graduate/Postgraduate Education Programs’, Individual Research Support Scheme Grant (RSS No.: 1026/1996), Czech Republic
1996-1997 Research project ‘Nature Protection and Nature Tourism in the Baltic States of Estonia and Latvia’, G.D.G., The Thema Institute, Linköping, Sweden
1996-1997 Information Access on Public Awareness and Environmental Education for the Population of Latvia, PHARE Democracy Micro-project (Reference No: 12/LAT/95)
1996 Project ‘English-Latvian Environmental Glossary’ (Source book in Latvian), Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development
1996 Research project ‘Environmental Education Status and Perspectives in Latvia till year 2000’, Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development
1996 Research project ‘Status of the interdisciplinary Environmental Science: Innovation and Implementation in tertiary level’, commissioned by Ministry of Education and Science
1995-1998 European Union TEMPUS/PHARE education project: Resource Development and Training at Academic/ Continuing Level
1995-1997 Comparative Study of the Role of Scientific Expertise in Environmental Policy Making and Management in Norway and Eastern Europe, Norwegian Institute of Urban and Regional Research, financed by Nordic Council of Ministers
1995 ‘Realization and Informative Provision of Master Course on Environmental Science and Management Studies’, commissioned by Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development
1995 Project ‘Master Course on Environmental Education’, commissioned by Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development
1994-1997 Joint project of Ministries of Education of Norway and Latvia ‘Environmental Education in Latvia’, financed by Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
1995 Public Participation in the realization of State Environmental Policy, Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development in cooperation with University of Latvia Centre for Environmental Science and Management Studies
1994-1996 European Union PHARE project ‘Public Participant in the Environmental Management’
1994-1995 UNESCO the Baltic Unitwin Program on Environmental Studies
1993-1995 Project ‘Environmental Handbook-Encyclopaedia’ (Source book in Latvian), Commissioned by UNESCO
1992-1995 European Community TEMPUS/PHARE education project: Environmental Science and Management Studies

 

Annex 3   List of students’ field projects

Environmental Management Action programme in Coastal region. Environmental Policy plan for Roja municipality. MSc. academic group ViPa 5. 1998 

Environmental Communication in Roja Municipality. Survey of the research results. 1999   

Environmental Management Action programme in Coastal region. Socio-economic development. North Kurzeme. MSc. academic group ViPa 6. 1999 

Environmental Policy plan for Kolka municipality. Waste management sector. MSc. academic group ViPa 6. 1999 

Environmental Policy plan for Roja municipality. Guidelines. MSc. academic group ViPa 5. 1999 

Sustainable Management in Coastal regions. Biodiversity and nature conservation in Roja municipality. MSc. academic group ViPa 6. 2000 

Sustainable Management in Coastal regions. Impact of culture on sustainable development in Roja municipality. MSc. academic group ViPa 6. 2000 

Sustainable Management in Coastal regions. Social sector in Roja municipality. MSc. academic group ViPa 6. 2000 

Earth resources management in Dundaga municipality. Sand pit management project proposal. MSc. academic group ViPa 6. 2000 

Nature resources management. Suggested measures to optimise institutional structure of water management in Kolka municipality. MSc. academic group ViPa 6. 2000 

Biodiversity and nature conservation Management plan for the Coastal region. MSc. academic group ViPa 5. 2000 

Environmental Management Action programme for Coastal region. Dundaga, Ance, Kolka municipality. Biodiversity and nature conservation. MSc. academic group ViPa 9. 2001 

Sustainable development Action programme guidelines for Coastal region. Energy management, climate protection. MSc. academic group ViPa 8. 2001 

Environmental Management Action programme for Coastal region. Dundaga, Ance, Kolka municipality. Physical and economic development of the territory. MSc. academic group ViPa 8. 2001 

Environmental Management Action programme for Coastal region. Dundaga, Ance, Kolka municipality. Biodiversity and nature conservation. MSc. academic group ViPa 9. 2001 

Guidelines of Environmental Management policy plan for Engure and Mersrags  municipalities. MSc. academic group ViPa 8. 2001 

Environmental pollution from transport. Case of Liepaja city. MSc. academic group ViPa 7. 2001 

Nature resources management. Earth resources management in Kekava municipality. MSc. academic group ViPa 7. 2001 

Action programme for the Coastal region. Dundaga, Ance, Kolka municipalities. Biodiversity and nature conservation Management. MSc. academic group ViPa 9. 2001 

Nature resources management. Suggested Measures to optimise water management structure in Kolka municipality. MSc. academic group ViPa 8. 2001 

Ecosystem management. Proposals for Forest resources management in North Vidzeme. MSc. academic group ViPa 7. 2001 

Ecosystem management. Tourism and its potential impact on ecosystems in North Vidzeme biosphere reserve. MSc. academic group ViPa 7. 2001 

Ecosystem management in North Vidzeme coastal territories. MSc. academic group ViPa 7. 2001 

Ecosystem management on North Vidzeme coast and the Salaca river catchment area. MSc. academic group ViPa 7. 2001 

Nature resources management. Water management in the Talsi town. MSc. academic group ViPa 7. 2001 

Nature resources management. Waste management and its future development prospects in the Bauska town. MSc. academic group ViPa 7. 2001 

Environmental Management systems in Coastal region: Dundaga and Kolka municipalities. Waste management. MSc. academic group ViPa 8. 2001 

Sustainable development action programme guidelines for Kolka municipality. Physical and economic development. MSc. academic group ViPa 9. 2002 

Sustainable development action programme guidelines for Kolka municipality. Energy management. MSc. academic group ViPa 9. 2002 

Sustainable development action programme guidelines for Kolka municipality. Environmental health and social development. MSc. academic group ViPa 9. 2002 

Sustainable development action programme guidelines for Kolka municipality. Biodiversity and nature conservation. MSc. academic group ViPa 9. 2002 

Environmental Declaration for Kolka municipality. Biodiversity and nature conservation. MSc. academic group ViPa 9. 2002 

Sustainable development Action programme guidelines for Kolka Coastal municipality. MSc. academic group ViPa-8. 2002

Environmental Management Action programme in Coastal region. Guidelines. Physical and economic development of Kolka municipality.  MSc. academic group ViPa 9. 2002 

Environmental Management Action programme in Coastal region. Guidelines. Kolka municipality. Environmental health and social development. MSc. academic group ViPa 9. 2002 

Environmental Management Action programme in Coastal region. Guidelines. Kolka municipality. Environmental communication. MSc. academic group ViPa 9. 2002 

Environmental Management Action programme for Coastal region. Guidelines. Kolka municipality. Water management. MSc. academic group ViPa 9. 2002 

Environmental Management Action programme for Coastal region. Guidelines. Kolka municipality. Waste management. MSc. academic group ViPa 9. 2002 

Environmental Management Action programme for Coastal region. Guidelines. Kolka municipality. Energy management. MSc. academic group ViPa 9. 2002 

Waste Management in Purciems and Gipka villages of Roja Municipality. MSc. academic group ViPa 9. 2003 

Nature resources management. Energy management and air protection in Roja municipality. MSc. academic group ViPa 9. 2003 

Sustainable development policy plan and Action programme guidelines for Kolka Primary school. Sectors: non-formal environmental education, Professional development and methodology work of teachers, In-door and out-door environment, Environmental Education setting and curriculum. MSc. academic group ViPe-5. 2003

Annex 4   Agreement between UNESCO and the University of Latvia concerning the Establishment of a UNESCO Chair in Sustainable Coastal Development at the University of Latvia 

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (hereinafter referred to as "UNESCO"), 7, place de Fontenoy, 75352 Paris 07 SP, France, represented by its Director-General, Mr Koïchiro Matsuura, 

and 

The University of Latvia (hereinafter referred to as "the University"), Raina blvd. 19, Riga, LV 1586, Latvia, represented by its Rector, Professor Ivars Lacis, 

Considering that one of the essential factors favouring development in the fields of competence of UNESCO is the exchange of experience and knowledge between universities and other higher education institutions; 

Convinced that joint work by university teachers, researchers and administrators from regions all over the world will provide important benefits for the entire academic community; 

Bearing in mind the mission and objectives of UNESCO set forth in its Constitution and its role in promoting international inter-university cooperation; 

Taking into account the experience of the UNITWIN/UNESCO Chairs Programme as a stimulus for academic mobility and the rapid transfer of knowledge through twinning, networking and other linking arrangements; 

Agree as follows: 

Article 1 The University shall, in cooperation with UNESCO, establish a UNESCO Chair in Sustainable Coastal Development (hereinafter referred to as "the Chair") at its Institute for Environmental Science and Management.
Article 2 The purpose of the Chair shall be to promote an integrated system of research, training, information and documentation in the field of Sustainable Coastal Development.  It will serve as a means of facilitating collaboration between high-level, internationally recognized researchers and teaching staff of the University and the Nordic-Baltic Network on Sustainable Coastal Development, involving partnerships with Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Lithuania, Norway, and Sweden.
Article 3 The University, in consultation with UNESCO, shall appoint the Chairholder who will be selected by means of a procedure to be mutually agreed upon.   
Article 4  The Chair shall consist of the Chairholder and the teaching personnel, researchers and students associated with its training and research programme.   
Article 5 The University shall sign a contract with the Chairholder for a fixed period to be determined by it, giving the holder the same rights and obligations as those of other scholars of the same category at the University. The contract shall also define the Chairholder’s salary and benefits, travel expenses, installation grant and housing and medical insurance.
Article 6 The University shall grant the Chairholder the facilities necessary to accomplish his/her academic research and training activities, i.e. the opportunity to organize and promote an integrated system of research, training, information and documentation and to disseminate the results of research in the field of Sustainable Coastal Development.
Article 7 Wherever possible, UNESCO shall endeavour to provide a "seed-money" contribution, it being understood that any such contribution shall be the subject of a separate agreement between UNESCO and the University. UNESCO shall also collaborate with the University in the search for extrabudgetary funds to continue the activities of the Chair.   
Article 8 The University shall submit an annual report to UNESCO presenting the activities carried out by the Chair. If approved by UNESCO, this report may be distributed to the world academic community. UNESCO shall contribute to the international dissemination of information on the experience and potential benefits of the activities of the Chair at the regional and international levels. The University shall provide a financial report showing the financial support obtained for the Chair from different sources. 
Article 9 UNESCO shall take the necessary steps to facilitate the participation of the University in its programmes and activities with a view to strengthening international academic cooperation in the field of scientific research and its application for national development. Wherever possible, UNESCO shall also promote the exchange of professors, researchers, and students with other universities within the framework of the UNITWIN/UNESCO Chairs Programme.
Article 10 Within that framework, UNESCO shall endeavour to associate the University with the activities of different Chairs and inter-university networks participating in the Programme, especially in Member States in the Europe region, and with those of similar Chairs in other regions of the world.   
Article 11 Subject to the terms of this Agreement, the University shall assume all expenses linked to the execution of activities undertaken by the Chair.   
Article 12 Neither the University nor any member of its staff employed for the execution of the activities linked to the Chair shall be considered an agent, representative or member of UNESCO’s staff, nor shall they enjoy any benefit, immunity, remuneration or reimbursement if not clearly foreseen in this Agreement; moreover, they shall not be authorized to present themselves as being part of UNESCO, nor make statements on UNESCO's behalf, nor commit UNESCO to any expense of any nature or to any other obligation.   
Article 13 The University shall be entirely responsible for taking any measures it deems necessary to insure itself against loss, injury or damage incurred during the execution of these activities.
Article 14 The present Agreement shall enter into force for a period of 2 (two) years on the date of both signatures having been appended. It may be cancelled by either party subject to 60 (sixty) days’ written notice to the other party.   
Article 15 Any renewal of the present Agreement shall be effected by an exchange of letters between the parties.   
Article 16   In the event of a dispute, the parties shall make a good faith effort to settle it amicably. In the event that an amicable settlement cannot be reached, any dispute arising out of or relating to this Agreement shall be settled by a sole arbitrator appointed by mutual agreement, or failing this, by the President of the International Court of Justice at the request of either party. 

In witness whereof, the undersigned, duly authorized to that effect, have signed this Agreement in two copies [2] in the English language.

For the United Nations Educational, 
Scientific and Cultural Organization
Koïchiro Matsuura
Director-General
31.08.2001
      For the University of Latvia
Ivars Lacis
Rector
21.09.2001

 

 

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