Environment and development
in coastal regions and in small islands
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The French Republic

Two French participants at the Experts Meeting (Paris, November, 1996) made major contributions to CSI’s objectives and planned activities. Two people from France attended the CSI-Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC)-European Community (EC) workshop on ‘Arctic Coastal Ecosystems’ (Pisa, Italy, April 1996). Two French resource persons took part in interdisciplinary studies of the Saloum and Senegal estuaries (Senegal, 1996). Two specialists from France were involved in drafting a project proposal (submitted for EC funding) on the study and protection of coastal biodiversity in West Africa; they participated in the concluding meeting (Paris, May 1996). Two specialists from France attended a seminar on the ‘Study and Management of Coastal Regions of Haiti’ (Port-au- Prince, Haiti, October 1996). During winter-spring 1997, three French specialists gave a series of lectures at the newly established ‘UNESCO Chair in Coastal Management and Sustainable Development’, University of Dakar, Senegal. Seven French specialists contributed papers to a major publication ‘Mangrove Ecosystem Studies in Latin America and Africa’ (UNESCO, 1997).

An expert and a student from France were involved in the pilot project on ‘Sustaining Human and Environmental Health in Peri-Urban Coastal Communities’ in the Yoff community, Dakar, Senegal. The expert also gave a series of lectures associated with the UNESCO Chair in ‘Integrated Management and Sustainable Development in Coastal Regions and in Small Islands’ at Dakar University in May 1998. She took part in the national seminar ‘Contribution to the Elaboration of ‘Wise Practices’ in view of Sustainable Development of Coastal Regions and Small Islands’, as a resource person, in May 1998. Four French researchers also attended this seminar. Two French experts based in Senegal provided training to Senegalese students as part of the UNESCO Chair activities (February-November 1998).

Conference materials for the Essaouira network were produced. An expert from France was involved in the production of a video film on the problems of coastal cities. Fourteen people from France participated in the meeting on ‘Urban Development in the Coastal Environment’ held in Essaouira, Morocco in November 1997. A report of the meeting was published as CSI Info 5 in English and French. A meeting of the Steering Committee for the intersectoral project ‘Urban Development and Freshwater Resources in Small Historic Coastal Cities’ was held at UNESCO headquarters in Paris at the end of March 1998. It was attended by four French experts. As part of this project, two French consultants visited Essaouira in Morocco in July 1998 to assist the local authorities in protecting this town from the eroding action of the sea. Two experts visited Mahdia (Tunisia) in October 1998 and drafted an action plan for preserving this historic town. One expert attended the international residential seminar for the ‘Sustainable Development of Omisalj’ held in Croatia in October 1998 as a resource person. One consultant from France assisted in the preparation of the intersectoral workshop ‘Towards Wise Coastal Development Practices’ five months prior to the workshop; one participant and two observers from France attended the workshop held at the beginning of December 1998. French specialists and enterprises were involved in the CSI publication programme (translation of several documents into French, preparation of the maquette of a book, printing of documents and posters etc.). Seventeen participants from France attended an international seminar on ‘Sustainable Development in the Coastal Zones’ held in Mahdia, Tunisia, in June 1999. A report on the seminar was published as CSI info 8 (2000) ‘Développement Urbain Durable en Zone Côtière. Actes du Séminaire International’. One French consultant assisted in the preparations for an international seminar on Small Historical Coastal Cities: Urban Development - Finding a Balance Among Land, Sea and People’, which was held in Saida, Lebanon in May 2001. Fifteen French experts attended the seminar. Two experts from France are involved in coastal monitoring in Saida as part of the historic coastal cities project.

The UNESCO Communication and Education Sectors, and the UNESCO Dakar, Maputo, Nairobi and Pretoria Offices jointly organized a workshop on ‘Education and Communication for Sustainable Coastal Development’ as part of the ‘Pan-African Conference on Sustainable Integrated Coastal Management (PACSICOM)’ held in Maputo in July 1998. The proceedings of the workshop were published, in English and French, as CSI info 7 (1999): ‘The Role of Communication and Education for Sustainable Coastal Development’. One of the discussion papers was given by an expert from La Réunion.

As part of the ‘Second World Water Forum’, a special thematic session was held on ‘Water and Indigenous Peoples in The Hague, The Netherlands in March 2000. Two speakers from France were invited.

An International Workshop on ‘Submarine Archaeology and Coastal Management in the Mediterranean’ was held in Alexandria in April 1997; eleven people from France attended it. Papers from the workshop were published as Coastal Management Sourcebook 2 (2000): ‘Underwater Archaeology and Coastal Management. Focus on Alexandria’; five specialists from France contributed to the publication.

French nationals assist in running workshops and field projects and in writing, editing and translating CSI publications, in particular text submitted to the web-based ‘Wise Coastal Practices for Sustainable Human Development’ Forum. A report on the forum ‘Rapport sur les Progrès 2’ was issued in November 2000; ten people from France contributed to it.

A textbook for schools of the Caribbean region ‘Glimpses of the Blue Caribbean’ was published jointly with the Associated Schools Project, as CSI papers 5, in 2000. Guadaloupe and Martinique are mentioned in it.

La Réunion is a member of SEACAM the Secretariat for Eastern African Coastal Area Management. A French translation, of a training manual produced by SEACAM, ‘D’une Bonne Idée a un Projet Réussi. Manuel pour le Développement et la Gestion de Projets a l’Echelle Local’ was published as CSI info 9 in 2000. The manual has been used throughout east Africa to train members of non-governmental organisations concerned with integrated coastal zone management.

A joint CSI/SEACAM/Indian Ocean Commission training course for non-governmental organisations of the region on ‘Project Management and Development’ was held in Madagascar in June 2000. It was attended by people from La Réunion.

A consultant from France visited Nigeria in June 2000 to evaluate the ‘Urban Flood Control (Lagos)’ field project and to participate in a workshop for journalists to highlight the flood problem.

A student from France attended a one-year post-graduate course on sustainable coastal development at the UNESCO Chair at Dakar University.

An Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission/CSI/European Commission ‘Advanced Training Course on Mediterranean Coastal Area Management’ was held in Nice in September 2000. A few resource persons came from France.  

Three people from France attended a workshop for CSI field project leaders on ‘Wise Practices for Conflict Prevention and Resolution’, which was held in Mozambique in November 2001. A report of the workshop was published as CSI papers 12: ‘Managing Conflicts Over Resources and Values: Continental Coasts’.

The French policy of land purchase for conservation was discussed on the CSI Internet-based ‘Wise Practices for Sustainable Human Development’ forum in January 2001: ‘Land Purchase/Lease for Conservation Does Work – Some Examples’ and ‘Further Examples of Successful Land Purchase for Conservation’. A study based in La Réunion was described in October 2001: ‘Methodologies for Carrying Capacity in Small Island States’.

A paper on the UNESCO ‘Local and Indigenous Knowledge Systems’ (LINKS) project ‘Traditional Ecological Knowledge in the Agenda of International Conservation Organisations and International Environmental Instruments’ was presented at an international seminar on ‘NGOs, Indigenous Peoples and Local Knowledge’ held in Paris in May 2002.

A paper ‘Coastal Land Tenure: A Small-Islands’ Perspective’ was published in March 2003. The situation in former French colonies was compared with that in other small island states and territories.

 

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