Environment and development
in coastal regions and in small islands
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Grenada

Grenada participates in the regional ‘Managing Beach Resources and Planning for Coastline Change, Caribbean Islands’ project (old name ‘Coast and Beach Stability in the Eastern Caribbean (COSALC) project’). The coastal monitoring programme was continued through 1996-99 in co-operation with several national agencies. In 1996 equipment for coastal monitoring was provided. Analyses of the monitoring data collected between 1993-1994, stored in the country’s computerized database, was completed in 1996, and a corresponding report issued; another report, for 1996, on coastal changes in the Caribbean (with a chapter on Grenada) was produced in 1997. A slide presentation illustrating the effects of Tropical Storm Iris and Hurricanes Luis and Marilyn on the islands of the eastern Caribbean in 1995, including slides on Grenada was put together in 1997. A public awareness pilot project was launched in 1997 with a consultancy mission in June, which included technical support to the beach monitoring programme provided to the national agencies involved. A cultural and socio-economic assessment of beach changes in the Eastern Caribbean (including Grenada) was completed and a report was issued in 1996; a paper on the assessment was published in CSI papers 1. Three country representatives (from government organisations) attended a regional workshop (co-sponsored by the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission’s Sub-Commission for the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions, IOCARIBE and the Caribbean Development Bank) on management of beach resources in small Eastern Caribbean islands (Mayagüez, Puerto Rico, October 1996). Their contributions, along with the presentations by other countries of the region, were published as CSI Info 1 (1997): ‘Integrated Framework for the Management of Beach Resources within the Smaller Caribbean Islands: workshop results’ and Coastal Region and Small Island Papers 1 (1997): ‘Managing Beach Resources in the Smaller Caribbean Islands: workshop papers’. A practical guide for the stakeholders presenting methodology for coastal development setbacks in the Eastern Caribbean Islands was published as CSI Info 4, ‘Planning for Coastline Change’. Under the 'Managing Beach Resources and Planning for Coastline Change, Caribbean Islands' and in co-operation with the Communication Sector (Kingston Office), a sub-regional training workshop on video production for broadcast and exchange was organized in November 1998 in Grenada for people from the environmental and broadcasting agencies in Anguilla, Grenada and St. Lucia. The purpose of the workshop was to produce a series of video clips to ‘bring to the living room’ an environmental message based on local material. A set of video equipment was provided. A second workshop was held in Grenada in May 1999 in co-operation with UNESCO’s Communication, Information and Informatics Sector. A video clip on Grenada was demonstrated and evaluated.  In 2001 the production and broadcast of COSALC items was reviewed. Environmentalists and production staff were given hands-on training to address production shortcomings. A video clip on ‘Coastal Setbacks and Coastal Vegetation’ in Grenada was produced.

One observer from Grenada attended the intersectoral workshop ‘Towards Wise Coastal Development Practices’ held at UNESCO headquarters in Paris in the beginning of December 1998. 

A summary report ‘Coast and Beach Stability in the Caribbean Islands. COSALC project activities 1996-97’ (published as No.6 in the CSI Info series) and a report ‘Planning for Coastline Change - COSALC project review, 1998’, were submitted to the Grenada authorities. Public information material distributed in 1998 included: a poster ‘The Sea at your doorstep’ produced in August 1998, three articles in the Sea Grant in the Caribbean Newsletter (January-December 1998), and ‘Coping with Beach Erosion’, (published as Coastal Management Sourcebook 1). A follow-up ‘Coping with Shoreline Erosion in the Caribbean’ was published in Nature & Resources vol.35 no. 4 in December 1999. A summary of the project its goals, achievements and future direction was compiled in October 2000.

In May 1999 the Pearl Amerindian archaeological site was visited as a first step in setting up an intersectoral study on how to protect the site.

A joint Organization of American States/Caribbean Planning for Adaptation to Climate Change project/Caribbean Development Bank (CDB)/UNESCO mission visited Grenada in December 1999 to assess the beach damage following Hurricane Lenny and to make recommendations for rehabilitation. It was organized as part of a CDB-UNESCO project, launched in October 1999 to support the COSALC project, on ‘Institutional Strengthening in Beach Management in the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States and the Turks and Caicos Islands’. A UNESCO consultant visited Grenada in March and November 2000. Beach monitoring manuals specific to the island were prepared and distributed, new beach monitoring software was installed and personnel were trained to compile beach-change databases. In November 2000 a workshop on ‘Beach Management in Grenada’ was held; thirty people from Grenada, Carriacou and Petit Martinique attended. A final report on the institutional strengthening project ‘Monitoring Beach Changes as an Integral Component of coastal Management’ was published in 2003 as CSI info 15. It contains a section specific to Grenada.

Since April 1999 web-based discussions on ‘Planning for Coastal Erosion in Eastern Caribbean Islands’ and on the impact of tourism in the Caribbean have been taking place on the ‘Wise Coastal Practices for Sustainable Human Development’ Forum.

A resource book for schools of the Caribbean region ‘Glimpses of the Blue Caribbean’ was published jointly with the Associated Schools Project, as CSI papers 5, in 2000 and sent to Grenada.

One person from Grenada attended a workshop on ‘Furthering Coastal Stewardship in Small Islands’ held in Dominica in July 2001. The results were published as CSI papers 11 ‘Wise Practices for Conflict Prevention and Resolution in Small Islands’. The Grenadian participant presented a paper on ‘Management of Beaches in Grenada, Carriacou and Petit Martinique’.

Beach inventories, monitoring campaigns and field trips for local schools were conducted in October 2001.

A booklet Wise Practices for Coping with Beach Erosion - Grenada’ was published in 2002. It is one of a series of  public information booklets on beach erosion in the Caribbean produced jointly by UNESCO-CSI, the University of Puerto Rico’s Sea Grant College Program and the Caribbean Development Bank.

The Small Islands Voice project started in January 2002. Its goals are to overcome the isolation of small islands by providing their citizens, including young people, with opportunities to voice their opinions on environmental and development issues in a variety of ways: radio, television, print and Internet-based debate. In this way they will: be able to contribute to the 10-year review of the ‘Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Islands Developing States’ adopted in Barbados in 1994; and play a more effective role in decision-making in their islands.  Grenada is one of the island states involved in the project through the Small Islands Voice Internet-based global forum. Correspondents from Grenada contributed to a discussion on beach access: Support from Around the World for Keeping Beaches Open to the Public

 

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