A major contribution was provided to the development and refinement of CSI’s scope and objectives by a Japanese participant at the Experts Meeting (Paris, November 1996). A specialist from Japan was invited to give a series of lectures at the ‘UNESCO Chair in Coastal Sciences’ at the University of Concepción, Chile (December 1996). Two specialists from Japan contributed a paper ‘Mangrove Ecosystem Studies in Latin America and Africa’ (UNESCO, 1997). As part of the ‘World Conference on Science’, a special thematic session on traditional ecological knowledge ‘Science and Other Systems of Knowledge’ was held in Budapest in June 1999. A speaker from Japan was invited.One person from Japan attended the Man and the Biosphere-CSI ECOTONE IX interdisciplinary workshop ‘Wise Practices in Coastal Tourism Development in Protected Areas’ in the Philippines in May 2000. The Puerto Galera 2000 Declaration ‘A Charter for Ecotourism in Biosphere Reserves’ was adopted.
A school on ‘Microbial Indication and Bioremediation’ was held in Vladivostok, Russia in September 2002. Four of the participants were from Japan. They attended lectures, round tables and laboratory sessions on methods of using bacteria to identify and combat pollution.
A consultant from Japan was one of a team of experts that visited the Port Sudan region of Sudan in January 2003. The team discussed the establishment of a ‘Biosaline Pilot Farm for Livestock Production’ with various stakeholders and identified potential sites for it.