Environment and development
in coastal regions and in small islands
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The United Mexican States

Two laboratories in Mexico take part in the ‘Caribbean Coastal Marine Productivity (CARICOMP) project’. They monitor coral reef, mangrove and seagrass sites at Laguna de Celestún (Yucatán) and Puerto Morelos (Quintana Roo). The collected output of such monitoring, throughout the region, was published as CSI Papers 3CARICOMP. Caribbean Coral Reef, Seagrass and Mangrove Sites’. In addition to continued support for systematic biological monitoring, a particular effort is being made at a number of selected sites to analyse the socio-economic and cultural dynamics of natural resource use. A national representative attended the project’s Steering Committee Meeting as its vice-chairman (Miami, USA, October 1996 and January 2000). A national site director attended site directors meetings, in Cancún, Mexico in November 1996, Blackrock, Trinidad and Tobago in May 1998 and in San José, Costa Rica in May/June 2000, for information exchange with, and technical assistance from, the CARICOMP steering committee. A summary of the CARICOMP project, its goals, achievements and future direction was produced in March 2001.

One specialist from Mexico attended the international conference ‘Towards Sustainable Development of the Rio de la Plata Coastal Zone’ (ECOPLATA’96, Montevideo, Uruguay, November 1996). Five Mexican specialists completed a study and contributed research papers to the CSI-supported publication ‘Mangrove Ecosystem Studies in Latin America and Africa’ (UNESCO, 1997). One person from Mexico participated in the intersectoral workshop ‘Towards Wise Coastal Development Practices’ held at UNESCO headquarters in Paris in the beginning of December 1998. A report on the workshop was published in English and French as CSI info 10 (2000): ‘Wise Coastal Practices for Sustainable Human Development. Results of an Intersectoral Workshop and Preliminary Findings of a Follow-up Virtual Forum’. The delegate from Mexico presented a paper on the artisanal coastal fisheries of Latin America.

In May 2000 the subject of ‘Uncontrolled Tourism Development in the Gulf of Mexico’ was first raised on the web-based ‘Wise Coastal Practices for Sustainable Human Development’ Forum. Subsequent papers relating to Mexico have been posted: ‘The Self-Destruct Theory of Tourism/Cancún’, ‘Environmental Impact of Urban and Industrial Development a Case History: Cancún’, ‘Protecting Pristine Sites from Over-Development: is Purchasing an Option?’. A report on the forum ‘Work in Progress 2’ /  ‘Progrès Accomplis 2’ / ‘Avance de Actividades 2’ was published in November 2000; one person from Mexico contributed to it. Tourism in Mexico continued to be discussed on the forum in 2001: ‘The Social Impacts of Tourism/Cancún Mexico and Maputaland’ and ‘Viewing Tourism as a Cultural Experience: Maputaland and Cancún Mexico’. A paper describing the Isla Isabel National Park Views on Community Enforcement’, was posted in November 2002.

 

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