Environment and development
in coastal regions and in small islands
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The Republic of Mozambique

The UNESCO Communication and Education Sectors, and the UNESCO Dakar, Maputo, Nairobi and Pretoria Offices jointly organized a workshop on ‘Education and Communication for Sustainable Coastal Development’ as part of the ‘Pan-African Conference on Sustainable Integrated Coastal Management (PACSICOM)’ held in Maputo in July 1998. The proceedings of the workshop were published as CSI info 7 (1999): ‘The Role of Communication and Education for Sustainable Coastal Development’ / ‘Rôle de la Communication et de l’Education dans le Développement Durable des Zones Côtières’. Nine experts from Mozambique attended the workshop.

A survey of the needs and requirements of the communities in the Maputaland coastal area was initiated in October 1998 through the South African Pretoria Office in co-operation with the University of Zululand. The aim was to involve these communities in the conception and implementation of a sustainable coastal development programme in the region. This developed into a field project ‘Development-Conservation Strategies and Environmental Factors Maintaining Biodiversity in Maputaland’. A joint UNESCO-Italian team visited Richards Bay, in Zululand, in May 1999 to identify with local partners essential elements for coastal zone management. Staff and students from Zululand University made a field trip to Maputaland in June/July 1999 to initiate community participation and gather physical data.

A similar survey was conducted in Maputo Bay (April-June 2000) to identify habitats under threat and the controlling processes and parameters that need to be monitored. The survey included cruises on the three rivers that flow into the bay. It will provide base-line data for an investigation of natural and human impact on coastal resources. The survey was carried out as part of the work of the UNESCO Chair in marine sciences at the Eduardo Mondlane University, Maputo Bay. A report was issued in August 2000. The Italian Government approved further funding for the project in 2000.

Two surveys were conducted in 2001, in March at Mabibi, and Kosi Bay – Ponto in June. They were primarily aimed at assessing how development strategies will impact the ecology of the area and the local population. A report on the surveys was issued in August. 

A summary of the Development-Conservation Strategies project was compiled in October 2001. A team of seven visited the project area in November 2001 to assess the project on the basis of 16 wise practice characteristics. They wrote an assessment.

A consultant meeting was held in Sodwana Bay, South Africa in September 2000 to complement the Maputo Bay field study and another study in Kwa-zulu Natal. Issues pertaining to the coastal ecosystem were discussed.

In March 2000 a paper on ‘Forward Planning in Maputaland: Identification of Key Issues’ was posted on the web-based ‘Wise Coastal Practices for Sustainable Human Development’ forum. It was followed in May 2001 by a paper on ‘The Social Impacts of Tourism/Cancún Mexico and Maputaland’ and in July with ‘Viewing Tourism as a Cultural Experience: Maputaland and Cancún Mexico’.

SEACAM the Secretariat for Eastern African Coastal Area Management is based in Mozambique. A French translation, of a training manual produced by SEACAM, ‘D’une Bonne Idée a un Projet Réussi. Manuel pour le Développement et la Gestion de Projets a l’Echelle Local’ was published as CSI info 9 in 2000. One of the co-authors is from Mozambique. The manual has been used throughout east Africa to train members of non-governmental organisations concerned with integrated coastal zone management.

A joint UNESCO/SEACAM/Indian Ocean Commission training course for non-governmental organisations of the region on ‘Project Management and Development’ was held in Madagascar in June 2000. Someone from Mozambique prepared a French language course on project management and development.

Five postgraduate students at the University of Zululand (South Africa) conducted studies in the Mabibi area, in 2001, contributing important baseline data.

A summary of the UNESCO Chair at Eduardo Mondlane University was compiled in October 2001. 

An inter-regional workshop on ‘Wise Coastal Practices for Sustainable Human Development in Continental Coastal Regions’ was also held in Maputo in November 2001. It was attended by 29 people including CSI field project leaders. The Maputaland project results were presented at the workshop and were highlighted in the local press. One of the participants from Mozambique presented a paper on ‘Wise Practices for Conflict Resolution through UNESCO Chair Activities: the UNESCO Chair in Marine Sciences and Oceanography’. A report on the workshop was published as CSI papers 12 ‘Managing Conflicts over Resources and Values - Continental Coasts’ in 2002. 


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