Building on the International Hydrological Programme’s (IHP) activities relating to freshwater use and management in the Pacific region, CSI developed pilot project activities, which drew on expertise in the social and natural sciences. Moving towards an increasingly integrated approach to sustainable development in small islands, CSI focused on local community perceptions and knowledge relating to the conservation and wise use of freshwater and coastal resources. In 1996 traditional coastal resource knowledge in Tokelau was documented in the local language.
In July 1999 a paper on ‘Community-based Fisheries Stewardship / New Zealand’ was posted on the web-based ‘Wise Coastal Practices for Sustainable Human Development’ Forum.
A paper on the UNESCO ‘Local and Indigenous Knowledge Systems’ (LINKS) project ‘Introduction to UNESCO, Coastal and Small Island Programme and the Local and Indigenous Knowledge Systems in a Global Society Project’ was presented at the Pacific Sub-Regional Experts Workshop on ‘Indigenous Science and Traditional Knowledge’ that was held in Wellington in September 2001.