The Federal Republic of Nigeria
Nigeria’s mangrove ecosystems were studied and two specialists from Nigeria contributed a paper to ‘Mangrove Ecosystem Studies in Latin America and Africa’ (UNESCO, 1997). One scientist from Nigeria attended a regional conference on ‘Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Development’ (Dakar, Senegal, October 1996). Field project activities were initiated on flooding problems in Lagos in co-operation with the Nigerian Institute for Oceanography and Marine Research in June 1998. Two Nigerian experts attended a workshop that was organized by CSI jointly with the UNESCO Communication and Education Sectors, and the UNESCO Dakar, Maputo, Nairobi and Pretoria Offices as part of the ‘Pan-African Conference on Sustainable Integrated Coastal Management (PACSICOM)’, held in Maputo, Mozambique in July 1998. The proceedings of the workshop: ‘The Role of Communication and Education for Sustainable Coastal Development’ / ‘Rôle de la Communication et de l’Education dans le Développement Durable des Zones Côtières’ was published as CSI info 7, with contributions from the two Nigerian experts. Another expert attended the intersectoral workshop ‘Towards Wise Coastal Development Practices’ held at UNESCO headquarters in Paris in the beginning of December 1998.
As part of UNESCO’s ‘Disasters Reduction Programme’ a project to study flooding in Victoria and Ikoyi Islands ‘Reducing the Impact of Flooding in Lagos’ was launched in 1998. By the end of 1999 floodable areas had been identified; historical meteorological data had been collected to determine the meteorological conditions and to help predict storm surges; historical and hydraulic drainage charts had been compiled and the drainage charts digitized; fourteen drainage channels in Ikoyi and Victoria Islands had been worked on; and a questionnaire had been compiled. The work was carried out through the Nigerian Institute of Oceanography and Marine Research. The aim is to reduce flooding through an understanding of the drainage system and by conducting public awareness campaigns. A report on field activities was completed in May 2000. In June a consultant visited to evaluate the project and plan its future. A workshop for journalists was held in June. The aim was to alert stakeholders (including government) to measures needed to diminish the effects of flooding. The event was covered in the national press. The first major report on the project was published in August 2000: ‘Study of Main Drainage Channels of Victoria and Ikoyi Islands in Lagos Nigeria and their Response to Tidal and Sea Level Changes’. A summary of the project; its goals and achievements was produced in October 2001.
A discussion on flooding in Lagos has been taking place on the web-based ‘Wise Coastal Practices for Sustainable Human Development’ Forum since July 1999. Papers include: ‘Transferring a Coastal Erosion Problem is this a Wise Practice?/Lagos’, ‘Questioning the Nature of a Wise Practice’ and ‘Seeking Solutions to Flooding/Lagos’.
One person from Nigeria attended a workshop for CSI field project leaders on ‘Wise Practices for Conflict Prevention and Resolution’, which was held in Mozambique in November 2001. She gave a paper on ‘Flood Mitigation in Lagos, Nigeria, through the Wise Management of Solid Waste: the Case of Ikoyi and Victoria Islands’. A report of the workshop was published as CSI papers 12: ‘Managing Conflicts Over Resources and Values: Continental Coasts’ in 2002.A major public awareness campaign on flooding in Lagos was run from June to October 2001. This was run through UNESCO Abuja in cooperation with the Lagos State Government Ministry of the Environment and Physical Planning, Nigeria Tourism Authority, Clean-up Nigeria and others. In all 12 million people in Nigeria were reached during the campaign.
A team of nine people visited the Lagos flooding project area in July 2002 to assess the project on the basis of the 16 wise practice characteristics devised by CSI.