Environment and development
in coastal regions and in small islands
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The United Republic of Tanzania

An interdisciplinary survey along the Tanzanian coasts and islands was initiated in 1996 through the Institute of Marine Sciences, Zanzibar, as part of the East Africa pilot project on coastline instability and its socio-economic consequences which was launched in 1996 and is co-sponsored by the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) and CSI. A public awareness campaign was launched in June 1997 with the transmission, through radio and television, of information related to coastline instability and its socio-economic consequences for stakeholders. A specialist from Tanzania attended a seminar on this subject in Mombasa, Kenya in June 1997. A scientist from Tanzania attended a regional conference on ‘Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Development’ in Dakar, Senegal in October 1996. Three Tanzanian authors contributed to the summary report on the ‘UNESCO-Kenya National Seminar on Sustainable Coastal Development through Integrated Planning and Management’, which was published by the UNESCO-Nairobi Office in December 1997.

The UNESCO Communication and Education Sectors, and the UNESCO Dakar, Maputo, Nairobi and Pretoria Offices jointly organized a workshop as part of the ‘Pan-African Conference on Sustainable Integrated Coastal Management (PACSICOM)’ held in Maputo in July 1998. The proceedings of the workshop were published as CSI info 7 (1999): ‘The Role of Communication and Education for Sustainable Coastal Development’ / ‘Rôle de la Communication et de l’Education dans le Développement Durable des Zones Côtières’. One of the discussion papers (English/French) was presented by a Tanzanian.

The Chumbe Island Coral Park has been a subject for discussion on the web-based ‘Wise Coastal Practices for Sustainable Human Development’ Forum since March 2000. A number of papers on the subject have been presented: ‘Private Sector Investment in Marine Conservation’, ‘Need for Worldwide Representative System of Chumbe-type Reserves’, ‘Clarification Sought on the Status of Chumbe Island’, ‘Chumbe Island: an Example of Island Conservation for the Pacific’, ‘Constitutional and Legal Context of Chumbe Reef Sanctuary’, ‘Conservation and Tourism: We will be Honoured to Accept’, ‘Coral Reef Conservation without Tourism Development’, ‘Conservation Needs Tourism Development’. Other papers relevant to Tanzania have also been posted: ‘Questioning the Role of NGOs’, Local and Private Control of Water Provision’, ‘The Role of Environmental Journalists in Wetland Conservation’. A report on the forum ‘Work in Progress 2’ /  ‘Progrès Accomplis 2’ / ‘Avance de Actividades 2’ was published in November 2000; one person from Tanzania contributed to it. The person who initiated the Chumbe Island debate on the forum shared her experiences in ‘Going Online in the Indian Ocean’, which was published in UNESCO Sources 131 in February 2001 (in English, French and Spanish). She also described how ecotourism, a local fishing industry and conservation are working hand-in-hand on the island: ‘Tourists to the Rescue on Chumbe Island’ (in English, French and Spanish; UNESCO Sources 131, February 2001). Discussion of Chumbe Island on the forum continued in 2001: ‘Land Purchase/Lease for Conservation Does Work – Some Examples’ and ‘Marine Zonation and Community Participation’. More papers relevant to Tanzania were posted in 2002: Indigenous Fishers’ Knowledge: Ownership, Predicaments and Research’, ‘Transparency and Trust: Development Projects in Tanzania and India’, Contrasting Views on a Proposed Waterfront Development Project in Tanzania’, ‘A Proposed Waterfront Development Project in Tanzania - a Caribbean Perspective’ and Further Views on a Proposed Waterfront Development Project in Tanzania.

Tanzania is a member of SEACAM the Secretariat for Eastern African Coastal Area Management. A French translation, of a training manual produced by SEACAM, ‘D’une Bonne Idée a un Projet Réussi. Manuel pour le Développement et la Gestion de Projets a l’Echelle Local’ was published as CSI info 9 in 2000. One of the co-authors is from Tanzania. The manual has been used throughout east Africa to train members of non-governmental organisations concerned with integrated coastal zone management.

One person from Tanzania attended a workshop for CSI field project leaders on ‘Wise Practices for Conflict Prevention and Resolution’, which was held in Mozambique in November 2001. She presented a paper on Private Sector Management of Marine Protected Areas: the Chumbe Island Coral Park Project in Zanzibar, Tanzania’. A report of the workshop was published as CSI papers 12: ‘Managing Conflicts Over Resources and Values: Continental Coasts’.

An external evaluation of the Coastal Regions and Small Islands platform was conducted in 2001-2002 and a final report was produced in February 2002. One of the external evaluators was from Tanzania.

The Small Islands Voice project started in January 2002. Its goals are to overcome the isolation of small islands by providing their citizens, including young people, with opportunities to voice their opinions on environmental and development issues in a variety of ways: radio, television, print and Internet-based debate. In this way the general public will be able to contribute to the 10-year review of the ‘Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Islands Developing States’ adopted in Barbados in 1994; and play a more effective role in decision-making in their islands.  Tanzania is involved in the project through Small Islands Voice Internet-based global forum. A correspondent from Zanzibar contributed to a discussion of tourism: Small is Beautiful’ and ‘Working Together to Develop a Successful Tourism Strategy’.


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