United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
A major contribution to the development and refinement of CSI’s scope and objectives was made by three specialists from the UK who prepared the main discussion paper for the CSI Meeting of Experts (November 1996); one of these specialists presented the paper at the meeting. A British specialist is the focal point for the regional ‘Managing Beach Resources and Planning for Coastline Change, Caribbean Islands’ (old name: ‘Coast and Beach Stability in the Eastern Caribbean (COSALC) project’). She regularly provides technical assistance and advice to officials and stakeholders in the countries and territories involved and analyses, with local counterparts, beach changes in the Eastern Caribbean Islands. In 1996 she and her colleagues carried out cultural and socio-economic assessments of beach changes in the region. The corresponding country and regional reports (6) were issued in 1996 and 1997. One British specialist attended the regional workshop on the management of beach resources within the smaller Caribbean Islands in October 1996 in Mayagüez, Puerto Rico and finalized the workshop report and proceedings, which were published by UNESCO in 1997 as CSI Info 1 ‘Integrated Framework for the Management of Beach Resources within the Smaller Caribbean Islands: workshop results’ and Coastal Regions and Small Islands Papers 1 ‘Managing Beach Resources in the Smaller Caribbean Islands: workshop papers’. Audio-visual, country-oriented material was prepared in 1996 and 1997 to raise public awareness in the region. Tree-awareness and institutional strengthening projects were launched in 1997. One specialist carried out a consultancy mission to St. Lucia, Puerto Rico and Haiti in April/May 1996.
In 1996, a specialist was involved in the coastal management project for Haiti; he undertook a consultancy mission to Haiti and made a feasibility study for the development of a series of data atlases on selected coastal areas (September); led field studies (November/December ) and attended, as a key resource person, a seminar on the integrated management of coastal areas of Haiti (December). Three British specialists contributed papers to the CSI-supported publication ‘Mangrove Ecosystem Studies in Latin America and Africa’ (1997); one chapter is the result of studies in Bermuda.
A specialist from the UK organized a multi-cultural event ‘Days of the Living Sea’ in Soumenlinna, Finland in May 1996 and was involved in many activities of the UNESCO-Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission - Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission (HELCOM)-sponsored Baltic Floating University facility, such as: field training (summer 1996 and 1997); fund raising and provision of equipment; editing and publishing the research results (1996) and participating in the facility’s planning meeting in St. Petersburg, Russian Federation in May 1997. Two specialists attended the regional workshop on ‘Teaching Integrated Coastal Management’ in St. Petersburg, Russian Federation in May 1997, one of them gave a keynote presentation.
One resource person attended the ‘Coral Reef Management Workshop for Pulau Seribu’ in Jakarta, Indonesia in April 1996.
A group of five British specialists is involved in developing the BILKO computer-based distance-learning modules and image-processing software on coastal remote sensing. A BILKO Steering Committee meeting was held in the UK in July 1998 and a second, attended by four British specialists, was held in the Netherlands in November 1998. The British specialists have been instrumental in converting the software to Windows and in issuing it on CD-ROM and the Internet. Their work continues.
An expert from the UK attended the regional workshop in Jamaica on ‘The Use of Natural Coastal Resources at CARICOMP Sites: monitoring, community-based management, and socio-economic/cultural aspects’ as part of the ‘Caribbean Coastal Marine Productivity (CARICOMP)’ field project in May 1998. Coral reef, mangrove and seagrass sites in Bermuda and Grand Cayman are monitored as part of the CARICOMP project. The collected output of such monitoring, throughout the region, was published as CSI Papers 3 ‘CARICOMP. Caribbean Coral Reef, Seagrass and Mangrove Sites’. A summary of the CARICOMP project, its goals, achievements and future direction was produced in March 2001.
A scientist from the UK was given a grant to attend the international conference in Italy on ‘Education and Training in Integrated Coastal Management’ in May 1998.
A British specialist was engaged in the development of the CSI web site (March 1998 onwards). UK specialists and enterprises were involved in the CSI publication programme editing, and translating several documents into English and printing the CSI brochure in Arabic, Bahasa (Indonesian), Chinese, English, French, Portuguese, Russian and Spanish.
One person from the UK attended an international seminar on ‘Sustainable Development in the Coastal Zones’ held in Mahdia, Tunisia, in June 1999.
An International Workshop on ‘Submarine Archaeology and Coastal Management in the Mediterranean’ was held in Alexandria in April 1997. Papers from the workshop were published as Coastal Management Sourcebook 2 (2000): ‘Underwater Archaeology and Coastal Management. Focus on Alexandria’; one person from the UK attended the workshop and contributed to the publication.
A ‘Remote Sensing Handbook for Tropical coastal Management’ was published in 2000 as Coastal Management Sourcebook 3. It was the product of a partnership between UNESCO and the UK’s Department for International Development. It was written and edited by scientists from the UK.
A report on the ‘Wise Coastal Practices for Sustainable Human Development Forum’ was published in November 2000 in English, French and Spanish. One person from the UK contributed to it.
The UK territories Anguilla, Montserrat and the Turks and Caicos Islands participate in two CSI projects (see under territory headings).
One person from the UK attended a workshop held in Croatia in June 2000 ‘Towards a Demonstration Programme for Integrated coastal Management’.
A Northern Irish viewpoint was aired on the CSI Internet-base ‘Wise Coastal Practices for Sustainable Human Development’ forum in January 2001: ‘Mitigating the Effects of Self-interest at a Local Level’. The purchase of part of Durham’s coastline is discussed in ‘Land Purchase/Lease for Conservation does Work –Some Examples’.
Two people from the United Kingdom were involved in start-up activities for the Small Islands Voice project in February 2002.