in coastal regions and in small islands
Coastal Resources Management Ulugan Bay, Palawan Island, The Philippines
|Published by:||UNESCO Jakarta Office
Environment and Development in Coastal Regions and Small Islands (CSI)
Preface to the series
The following series, Coastal Resources Management - Ulugan Bay, Palawan
Island, The Philippines, represents ones of the main outputs of the unique
project, Coastal Resources Management and Sustainable Tourism in Ulugan Bay.
The primary objective of the project was to generate an empirical model for
community-based coastal resource management using a multi-sectoral approach. The
core activities of the project have been: a scientific collection of data on
ecology, cultural and socio-economic conditions; the monitoring of the flow of
coastal resources; the establishment of sustainable fish farms and
community-based sustainable tourism activities; and finally, environmental
education and training in coastal resources management.
The activities, in turn, have contributed to:
· Improving scientific understanding of natural, cultural and social processes related to human beings interacting with the coastal environment;
· Providing information for decision-making on the use of coastal resources;
· Setting up a framework for sustainable development and protection;
· Identifying and implementing alternative income generating activities, followed by an evaluation of their impact and benefits;
· Generating a model to apply lessons learned in other sites in the Philippines and in the Region;
Strengthening regional cooperation frameworks.
The project has been implemented by the
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
with support from the United
Nations Development Program (UNDP). Furthermore, the Government of Puerto
Princesa City and a number of national scientific institutions and non-government
organizations (NGOs) have been deeply involved as on-site executing agents.
Within UNESCO, the executing unit has been the Environment and Development in
Coastal Regions and in Small Islands Unit (CSI). In agreement with its overall
objective – to achieve culturally appropriate, socially balanced and
environmentally sound development in coastal regions and in small islands –
CSI is implementing pilot projects throughout the world with the aim to develop
wise practices in the management of coastal zones.
Following the logic of the project the present series has been divided into
Volume I: Ecology, Culture and Socio-economics
This volume contains results and findings from the studies and campaigns
carried out in the context of the project: ecological assessments of coastal
resources; studies in the use of traditional resources and on the culture of the
indigenous communities; socio-economic profiles; and assessments of the
potential for sustainable tourism.
Volume II: Master Plan for Community-Based Eco-tourism
This volume describes recommendations for the initiation, development and
management of Community-Based Eco-tourism activities in Ulugan Bay. The Master
Plan, which operates at micro-, meso- and macro-levels, aims to set-up a
strategy capable of ‘evolving’ directly from the planning phase into
subsequent implementation, management and monitoring phases. In line with the
community-based approach, the plan adopts a ‘bottom-up’ strategy, empowering
communities through participatory methods.
Volume III: An Integrated Management Model
This last volume summarizes the activities carried out within the project,
including an empirical model for integrated coastal resource management in
This project would not have been possible without the important contributions
of a considerable number of agencies, institutions and individuals. Firstly,
we would like to thank the Puerto Princesa City Government (in particular the
Office of the Mayor and the Agriculturist, Tourism, and Planning Offices), the
project coordinators and the national consultants, the National Committee of
Marine Science, the Marine Science Institute of the University of the Philippines,
Legal Assistance Center (ELAC),
Green Globe and the
Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park. Each of these institutions
has made contributions to this project.
Among the national institutions we would especially like to thank the UNESCO
National Commission of the Philippines, the Palawan Council for Sustainable
Development (PCSD), the National
Economic and Development Agency (NEDA), the Department
of Tourism (DOT), the
Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) and the Department
of National Defense (DND).
Furthermore, we are much indebted to the local communities of Ulugan Bay (Barangays
Bahile, Macarascas, Buena Vista, Tagabinet, Cabayugan) and the two indigenous
communities (CADCs Cabayugan and Kayasan) who with their commitment and
cooperation have made this project a success.
Finally, we would like to thank
UNDP, not only for their significant financial contributions, but also for
their invaluable technical support to the project. This project is indeed a
successful example of strong and constructive interagency collaboration within
the UN family.
Prof. Stephen Hill
UNESCO Jakarta Office
Director and Representative