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Extract concerning the Coastal Regions and Small Islands Platform from:                                                                                     version franÁaise

Report of the Director-General 2000-2001 32 C/3

Para. 02236 Environment and development in coastal regions and in small islands

 

Projects and UNESCO Chairs in coastal and small island regions

 

Formulated, tested and applied wise practices; Completed 10 field projects assessments using the 16 established wise practice characteristics; Initiated complementary university twinning arrangements on Wise Coastal Practices in Asia and the Pacific and Europe; Provided interdisciplinary training and support to the pilot projects, critique and analysis of wise practices, and linkages with other institutions through University chairs/twinning; Strengthened dialogue to prevent and resolve coastal resource use conflicts.

Expertise pooling via face to face and virtual forums

 

Organized interregional workshops: CSI Strategy Meeting, Wise Coastal Practices for Sustainable Human Development in Small Island Developing States, Furthering Coastal Stewardship in Small Islands, and Wise Coastal Practices for Coastal Conflict Prevention and Resolution; Advanced integration and linkages among the field projects, university chairs/twinning networks and the Forum  (user name csi, password wise) for Greater Exchange and Review of Wise Practices and as a source of new ideas.

"Wise practices" documentation dissemination and field testing

 

Workshop proceedings and project publications produced highlight the inter-linking of activities within and across small-island regions; Developed procedures for project assessment in order to implement Wise Coastal Practices; Published five articles on wise coastal practices through the Forum in UNESCOís Sources; Produced the CD-ROM Yapa (in collaboration with MAB and the Culture Sector), which strengthens indigenous knowledge transmission; Second CD-ROM (between Communications Sector and MOST) concerning the revitalization of traditional navigation knowledge in the Pacific Islands is to be produced.

Assessment of implementation

CSIís positive impact can be measured through a number of ongoing initiatives:

Intersectoral field projects, interdisciplinary university chairs and interregional workshops: Interregional workshops in (i) Thailand (CSI Strategy Meeting, July 2000), (ii) Samoa (Wise Coastal Practices for Sustainable Human Development in Small Island Developing States, December 2000), (iii) Dominica (Furthering Coastal Stewardship in Small Islands, July 2001) and (iv) Mozambique (Wise Coastal Practices for Coastal Conflict Prevention and Resolution, November 2001) advanced integration and linkages among the field projects, university chairs/twinning networks and the Forum. The workshops also helped to promote linkages between CSI and non-CSI activities, advanced project assessment procedures and developed concepts such as Wise Practices Agreements for Sustainable Coastal Living and an ethical code of practice for donors/investors in coastal development. The first seven field project assessments, using the 16 established wise practice characteristics, have been completed and added to the CSI website. Such assessments serve to review progress and design the next phase of a field project. Eighteen project and university chair summaries have also been published on the CSI website.

Communications: The CSI website (www.unesco.org/csi), with its diverse range of publications, and the organization of inter-regional meetings constitute steps taken towards compensating for the lack of applicable scientific information and Internet access in many small island states and coastal regions. The multilingual Wise Coastal Practices virtual forum (user name csi, password wise; see "Successful Activities" below) provides a crucial link between locally based experiences and a global audience. Moreover, UNESCOís Sources (February 2001) articles Coast to coast, Coastal regions on line, Going online in the Indian Ocean, Tourists to the rescue on Chumbe Island and The points man in the Philippinesí last frontier introduced its readers to the concept of Wise Coastal Practices being discussed on the Forum. CSI Paper 9 Wise Coastal Practices Towards Sustainable Small Island Living details the outcomes of the Samoa Workshop (Dec. 2000), highlighting the inter-linking of activities within and across small-island regions, and procedures for project assessment in order to implement Wise Coastal Practices. Use of new information and communication technologies to revitalise traditional/indigenous knowledge transmission is a novel approach addressing, in particular, indigenous youth. The aim is to strengthen dialogue between elders and youth by using multimedia to record indigenous knowledge and practice in a series of CD-ROMs. One CD (Yapa) addressing Aboriginal youth of the central Australian Desert has been completed with MAB and the Culture Sector, while a second, concerning the revitalization of traditional navigation knowledge in the Pacific Islands is underway involving the Communication and Information Sector and MOST.

Intersectorality: By continuing a flexible and responsive approach, CSI developed strategies to promote intersectorality within UNESCO at Headquarters and in field offices. These include building effective networks, fostering an enabling environment and establishing principles of engagement for Sectors (e.g. brain-, cost- and creditsharing), as well as a strong focus on joint problem solving, especially in field projects, while incorporating traditional knowledge sources. The field projects, university chairs/twinning and Forum encourage sectoral partners to work together to construct a shared problematic, providing a tangible framework for constructive interaction. A summary of CSIís four years of "Experiences with Intersectorality" was presented to the "Working Group on Intersectorality" in early 2000. Evidence of CSIís intersectoral know-how and networking was seen when both cross-cutting projects it generated were retained for inclusion in draft document 31 C/5, namely Local and Indigenous Knowledge Systems in a Global Society (LINKS) and Small Islands Voice (SIV).

Lessons learnt: A challenging intersectoral endeavour like CSI, which focuses on "people and problems", can only be accomplished on the ground with high-quality and determined project leaders, chair holders and (field office) colleagues from all five programme sectors. The need to provide continuity to activities such as field projects is also important, as such efforts are often long term and need to extend beyond the duration of the typical project cycle. The necessity to build sustainability into every step of the platformís activities cannot be over-emphasized. Furthermore, working inter-regionally allows for sharing ideas, catalyzing action, and nourishing a new momentum for forward progress. The development of UNESCO Chairs in Sustainable Coastal Development has continued to be slower than expected in part due to the additional time required for partner institutions to accept novel interdisciplinary arrangements that do not conform to existing disciplinary structures. Moreover, while CSI has attracted significant extra-budgetary and associated funds, attention has largely been focused on the engagement of UNESCO sectors to share field project activities and thus strengthen the intersectoral services to Member States.

Particularly successful activities

Wise Coastal Practices Forum Jakarta Bay project
The multilingual, Internet-based Wise Coastal Practices Forum (user name csi, password wise) continues to advance Wise Coastal Practices for Sustainable Human Development among 9,000+ people worldwide. Work in Progress 2 (in English, French and Spanish) is an analysis of the Forumís first 52 examples of wise practices and the 118 discussion items considered before 30 September 2000; these focus on small-island issues, community empowerment, coastal tourism, fisheries, local and indigenous knowledge systems, freshwater resources, coastal erosion, planning, gender issues and human rights. A feedback form sent in September 2001 to all Forum recipients received a 5.6% response rate. The respondents found that circa 90 topics of the forum discussions of "very high" interest and that the Forum influences the understanding of coastal that forum influences the understanding and the opinion on wise practices of coastal problems but less so their application. The external auditors of the Science Sector and the external evaluators of CSI drew attention to the merits of the Jakarta Bay project. This project illustrates good management of diverse activities including constructive Headquarters and Field cooperation. It is part of an innovative attempt to deal with widespread issues that transcend national borders. The project follows the principle approach of CSI, focusing on solutions that generate local benefits and income; fostering collaborative action across UNESCO programmes and other agencies; involving partners such as local government and research institutions; establishing links across community, government and private sectors; developing capacity by providing training opportunities; and seeking longer term government commitment to sustainability. The project has generated substantial interest and visibility within the community, other parts of Indonesia, and the government alike.

 

Evaluation of environment and development in coastal regions and small islands (CSI) platform

The evaluation recommended that the lessons learnt from CSI in respect to the Organizationís pursuit of its intersectoral agenda be built upon and that this aspect of the CSI platform be formalized. Moreover, it was recommended that the Organization consider developing "integrated management science" as a new competency. Specifically, recommendations pertaining to field project exit strategy, wise coastal standards, guidelines, procedures and possible accreditation mechanisms, regional and global wise practices virtual forums, communications activities, extrabudgetary funding and the impact of LINKS and SIV on CSI activities were made.

In response, the Secretariat has undertaken a full survey of the "Wise Coastal Practices" and the report on it is now available. Other recommendations have been taken into account in the Science Sectorís 2002-2003 work plans and the Director-General has committed the Organization to developing intersectorality. In addition, information on the actions already being taken in this respect is presented in the section on the "Special Projects" in the present document.

 

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