Environment and development
in coastal regions and in small islands
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Coastal region and small island papers 6

Contents

FIGURES/TABLES
ACRONYMS
SUMMARY
1. INTRODUCTION
2. BIOPHYSICAL ASSESSMENT OF JAKARTA BAY AND SERIBU ISLANDS
2.1. Geographical and historical background
2.2. Extent of ecosystem degradation
2.2.1. Disappearance of islands
2.2.2. Status of coral communities of Seribu Islands
2.2.3. Other Indicators of coral reef stress
2.3. Causes of ecosystem degradation
2.3.1. Bleaching event in 1998
2.3.2. Sand and coral extraction and mangrove clearance
2.3.3. Destructive fishing practices
2.3.4. Pollution
3. SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS IN COMMUNITIES IN THE JAKARTA BAY AREA AND THE SERIBU ISLANDS
3.1. Socio-economic survey of communities in the Jakarta Bay area
3.1.1. Community social organization
3.1.2. Housing conditions
3.1.3. Water supply
3.1.4. Drainage system
3.1.5. Sanitation
3.1.6. Public health
3.2. Socio-economic survey of the Seribu Islands
3.2.1. Socio-economic status of the Pari Islanders
4. COMMUNITY-BASED WASTE MANAGEMENT IN JAKARTA
4.1. Solid waste monitoring in Jakarta
4.1.1. Solid waste composition
4.1.2. Waste collection methods
4.1.3. Waste disposal
4.1.4. Assessment
4.2. Community-based waste management activities in Jakarta
4.2.1. Household waste composting and paper recycling
4.2.2. Traditional market waste management
4.3. Environmental education
4.3.1. School programmes
4.3.2. Informal education programmes
5. DEVELOPING ALTERNATIVE LIVELIHOODS
5.1. Duck farming and seaweed farming in Pari Island
5.2. Development of community self-help groups
5.2.1. Initiation of community self-help groups
5.2.2. Strengthening community self-help groups
6. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
6.1. Conclusions
6.2. Recommendations for proposed new activities
BIBLIOGRAPHY
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