Environment and development
in coastal regions and in small islands
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Coastal region and small island papers 2


Coastal Atlas of North-East Haiti: Environment and cultural heritage of the Fort-Liberté region

  PROF. JEAN-RENÉ VANNEY Chair of Geography of the Sea, Sorbonne (University of Paris IV), France
PROJECT COORDINATORS HAROLD GASPARD Director of Cultural Heritage (Haitian Ministry of Culture) and Coordinator of UNDP Project ‘Route 2004’
  GISELLE HYVERT (Former) Technical Adviser (UNESCO), UNDP Project ‘Route 2004’

The Atlas côtier du Nord-est d’Haïti : Environnement et patrimoine culturel de la région de Fort-Liberté (published in French by UNDP with support from a number of partners) describes by means of imagery and text, distributed equally over some sixty pages, the natural, cultural and historical environment of part of the Atlantic facade of Haiti, which constitutes a real regional entity centred on the Bay of Fort-Liberté. The vast extension of the coastal plain of northern Haiti, rising from the near ocean to the lower foothills which close it to the south, justifies a review of the main aspects of our present knowledge: hydrological types and cycles, f rom marine waters to running waters; various components of the environment, f rom soils and their vegetal cover to land and aquatic fauna; cultural geography and historical settlement patterns, especially of the Bay and the town of Fort-Liberté. The analysis of landscapes and their problems is fully integrated, both in time and in space, in the iconographic documents. The Atlas comprises figures in the texts, fifteen tables, four photographic plates, and numerous maps, both early (some twenty 18th century maps and plans) and contemporary (four SPOT images). The nature of the illustrations, at once polymathic and diachronic, is explained by the place of the region in world history and in the natural history of a remarkable environment under constant and increasing threat from all sides. The physiographic map of the littoral (three plates at scale 1/50,000) sums up the dominant features of the geography where five areas, divided into sub-regions, are distinguished and described. The Atlas was conceived and put together as a register in which each piece, from the earliest to the most recent, contains the material indispensable to understanding and undertaking the defense of the present, the preparation of the future and the safeguarding of the past of a singular region which must preserve an environment and a heritage acquired in the course of its successive geographicstages.

Map of Hispaniola and surrounding islands ("Zone d’étude" = area under study)

Some examples taken from the Atlas

To be cited as : MÉNANTEAU L. & VANNEY J.-R. (coord. scient.), 1997. Atlas côrier du Nord-Est d'Haïti. Environnement et patrimoine culturel de la région de Fort-Liberté. Port-au-Prince/Nantes. Ed. Projet "Route 2004". Ministère de la Culture (Haïti)/PNUD, iv+62 pp.

To view these you will need to :

  La carte physiographique   Les quatre termes évolutifs de l'hydrologie
  Le relief terrestre et sous-marin   Carte de la plaine du nord de Saint-Domindue
  Récifs coralliens et mangroves de la Baie de Caracol   La Baie de Fort-Liberté - Bathymétrie
  Le nord-est d'Haïti vu du ciel   La ville de Fort-Liberté - Plan et typologie
  Relief map of Haiti    
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