Environment and development
in coastal regions and in small islands
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Coastal region and small island papers 14

Profiles of the contributors

SELIM MORCOS is an oceanographer credited for his published works on the Suez Canal and the Red Sea. He was a member of the International Indian Ocean Expedition in 1962. Author of the first book in Arabic on submarine archaeology ‘The Sunken Civilization, 1965’, he lectured and wrote widely to promote the submarine archaeological discoveries off Alexandria pioneered by Kamel Abul-Saadat. From Alexandria University, he moved to Paris to join UNESCO in 1973. Due to his efforts, UNESCO supported the mission of Honor Frost to Alexandria in 1968, as well as the international workshop on Submarine Archaeology and Coastal Management in 1997 and its follow-up. Prof. Morcos received the medal of the French Government for submarine archaeology in 1997. An avid scholar of maritime and oceanographic discoveries, he is currently Chairman of the Editorial Panel of the Sixth International Congress on the History of Oceanography.

NILS TONGRING, a mathematician at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York, was associated with Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) for over ten years. In 1994, in collaboration with American and Egyptian scientists, including Selim Morcos of UNESCO and the late James Broadus of WHOI, he began a comprehensive study of the coastal area of Alexandria, particularly the submerged ancient harbour of Pharos discovered by Jondet below the present Western Harbour. The reliability of this early work is the most important archaeological issue in the study of the Alexandrian littoral; this can be resolved by the advanced technology available today.

YOUSSEF HALIM is Professor of Biological Oceanography since 1973, and former Vice Dean for Graduate Studies and Research (1976–1982) of the Faculty of Science, Alexandria University. Professor Halim obtained a Dr ès sciences naturelles from La Sorbonne in Paris in 1956. His broad specialization is on the Ecology of the marine environment, with a focus on the monitoring and management of the coastal and estuarine environments. His scientific publications in this field and his broad school of M.Sc. and PhD. graduates, particularly while co-ordinating the UNESCO/United Nations Development Programme/Alexandria University Project on Aquatic Environmental Pollution (1980–1986) won him United Nations Environmental Programme’s Global 500 Award in 1997.

MOSTAFA EL-ABBADI is a historian known for his scholarly works on the Greek and Roman times and the interaction between the successive Pharaonic, Hellenistic and Arab cultures. He is credited for his contribution in promoting the revival of the ancient library of Alexandria, embraced by Alexandria University in 1974 and UNESCO in 1986. A recipient of the Cavafy Award for classical Greek studies (1997) and of the National Award of Merit in the Social Sciences (1998), Dr. El-Abbadi is President of the Archaeological Society of Alexandria (founded in 1893). He is a member of the Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA), and Chairman of the Consultative Committee on Preservation and Development of Submerged Archaeological Sites and the Qait Bey Citadel in Alexandria.

HASSAN EL-BANNA AWAD is a marine scientist who focused on the study of oil pollution in the Red Sea, in Saudi Arabia (1987) and in Egypt (1997). His interest in submarine archaeology led him to study the water quality and pollution control over the submerged sites in the Eastern Harbour. Prof. Awad was the Rapporteur of the international workshop on submarine archaeology. He is currently Chairman of the Department of Oceanography, University of Alexandria and Rapporteur of the Consultative Committee on submerged archaeological sites in Alexandria.


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