cultural implications of a ship-breaking industry,
Alang-Sosiya, Gujarat, India
1 June 2003
cultural implications of a ship-breaking industry, Alang-Sosiya,
Ship-Breaking Yard (ASSBY) Gujarat,
- To develop wise practices for sustainable
living and working conditions in the coastal area based on the
initial two survey phases
- To build upon existing work on
- To hold workshops for convergence among the
- To determine the feasibility and lay the
foundation of a ‘wise practices’ stakeholder agreement
||ASSBY and ten hinterland villages, coast of
for Social Studies, Surat (http://www.centreforsocialstudies.org/)
Gujarat Ship-Breakers Association
Coastal Regions and Small Islands platform
Co-ordinator of the
||Dr Sumanben Chaudhary, Bhavnagar University,
Bhavnagar (third phase)
||Prof. Vidyut Joshi, Centre for Social
||In the first phase, environmental and
socio-economic surveys were carried out by an interdisciplinary team
from Bhavnagar University. Based on the survey data, a stakeholder
analysis was carried out in the second phase. Workshops were organized
to crystallize and articulate concerns of the villages and the
- Gujarat Ship-Breakers Association
- Villagers of hinterland villages to
- Migrant workers
- Increased economic activity due to ASSBY
has given rise to a construction boom which has led to encroachment
on community grazing lands and increased pressure on fodder and fuel
wood plants and ‘weed’ plants used in traditional medicine.
- Work at ASSBY is economically more viable
for pastoralists and subsistence farmers, who are drifting towards
ASSBY for alternate employment. Agricultural laborers have become
scarce and more expensive; however, farmers who adopted improved
farming techniques are doing well.
- Overall, economic conditions, education and
literacy have improved, but health facilities and awareness have
shown only marginal improvement.
- There is greater social and cultural
openness; caste-based rules are becoming less rigid. There is
increasing consumerism and traditional values are being replaced by
- Women are experiencing greater economic and
- Inadequate provision of water facilities
for the ever-increasing population in the study area.
- There has been some destruction of coastal
vegetation, including mangroves, in the wider area around
- There remain substantial obstacles to
addressing the immediate social and environmental problems at ASSBY
given the situation that different stakeholders hold different views
of ASSBY development.
All the four stakeholders have some common
interests which include the development of ASSBY and resolving some of
the water problems. The stakeholders also have divergent primary
interests as well as conflicting interests. Integration between
immigrant workers and local residents is a major
- The scope of the project may need to be
expanded in terms of the involvement of stakeholder groups; this
will potentially include the Gujarat and Central Governments as well
- The project will work towards the
development of a permanent forum for dialogue between the
- In consultation with other agencies, and
with the direct participation of the four stakeholder groups, the
project will attempt to initiate a mechanism that will involve
effective representation of all four stakeholder groups in a process
of dialogue to address issues and reduce conflicts at ASSBY, on a
regular basis. This will be in the nature of a ‘wise practices
agreement’ (a voluntary agreement between the stakeholder groups).
This ‘wise practices agreement’ will have as its goal the prevention
resolution of conflicts, and will also inform policy makers.
- Foster activities that facilitate
convergence between stakeholders interests.
Sustainable development directions:
- Solving water problem through techniques
such as water shed management and reverse osmosis.
- Re-establishing ecological balance by
- Implementation of ICZM.
- Preparation of a CSI publication that
documents the activities of the project so far, including a
synthesis of the first two comprehensive reports produced by the
project team at the University of Bhavnagar concerning the
environment and stakeholder issues.
- Documentation of two multi-stakeholder
workshops with the four major stakeholder groups to discuss issues
of concern, make specific recommendations on how the process of
collaboration between the stakeholder groups can be strengthened so
as to form the basis for a wise practice agreement and preparation
of a list of ten prioritized actions.