Environment and development
in coastal regions and in small islands

Coastal region and small island papers 15

Annex 1 

VANUATU VILLAGE-BASED MARINE RESOURCE MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS FOR TENURED FISHING GROUNDS, 1993 AND 2001

ANEITYUM ISLAND

ANELGUAHAT

1993

2001

Comments: Regulations have evolved considerably. Nominally (for calculating trends, see Tables 1 and 2) no regulations have lapsed and one (bęche-de-mer) was initiated.

EFATE ISLAND

MELE

1993

2001

Comments: Largest village in Vanuatu. Peri-urban, with high unemployment among youth. Despite these unpromising circumstances, defense against encroachment by residents of the nearby capital is strong. Two new initiatives were started.


MANGILILIU

1993

2001

Comments: All l993 management measures still in operation; one new one.


TANOLIU

1993

2001

Comments: Five new controls initiated. The tabu on giant clams was not working well but this should change because of new fisheries legislation. Turtle tabu being reformulated in hopes of better observance.


SIVIRI

1993

2001

Comments: Since l993 four new controls initiated, one of which failed.


SAAMA

1993

2001

Comments: Since 1993 two new controls initiated, but implementation has been difficult. Major prolonged ciguatera problem means little need for finfishing tabus. This village is unique on north Efate in that the residents are from other islands, mainly Pentecost and Paama, having worked on plantations prior to Independence. They now lease the land and reef of their village area from the neighbouring village of Emua.


EMUA

1993

2001

Comments: Since l993 one closure lifted; two new controls initiated.


PAUNANGISU

1993

2001

Comments: Since 1993 three new controls initiated.


EPAO

1993

2001

Comments: One regulation terminated; two initiated.


ETON

1993

2001

Comments: Originally no regulations, now three, with more being planned.


ERAKOR

1993

2001

Comments: Typical problems of a large, peri-urban village, where traditional authority is weakening and undermined by an ongoing leadership dispute, while the population continues to grow and high unemployment makes conservation difficult. Fish fence blocking lagoon entrance appears to be a serious environmental threat but chief unable to prevent it. Three new initiatives.

EMAE ISLAND

MARAE

1993

2001

Comments: Land/reef ownership disputes are worsening, one new initiative.

EPI ISLAND

LAMEN BAY

1993

2001

Comments: Three new initiatives.

MASKELYNE ISLANDS, SOUTHERN MALEKULA

PESCARUS

1993

2001

Comments: Many commercially minded young men with declining respect for traditional laws or authority. Three new regulations, but the observance of some believed to be poor.


LUTAS

1993

2001

Comments: Unlike l993, different clans' reef closures now combined, but the use of hook and line, spears, bow and arrow and diving by day (for finfish only) are allowed; five new management initiatives.


PELONGK

1993

2001

Comments: The five-month annual tabus from October through February are said to be timed to coincide with the time when most species, including finfish, have eggs. (This advice came from the Environment Unit.) Regulations have evolved since 1993, but none have lapsed; six new ones.

CENTRAL MALEKULA

LITSLITS

1993

Comments: The older regulation not as well enforced and territorial dispute weakens the one new initiative.


URI

1993

2001

Comments: Strong support for marine conservation. Some individual controls have been modified much since 1993. Eight new management measures and more planned.


URIPIV

1993

2001

The main purposes of both closures were to stop spearfishing and the use of nets.

Comments: Two new management controls initiated since 1993. Inter-clan disputes over land/reef ownership still in evidence. Community requested assistance in drawing up plans for additional marine conservation measures, especially a marine sanctuary.


NORSUP

1993

2001

• Two 1993 regulations had lapsed. No current tabus, marine resources badly overharvested on their mainland holdings according to local opinion.

Comments: Two previous regulations no longer observed. No current management. The urban nature of this village, so close to the provincial centre of Lakatoro, and with many inhabitants from other areas not familiar with or bound by local customs and authority, made enforcement difficult.


TAUTU

1993

2001

Comments: No change in fisheries management due to village disputes and ciguatera, but growing recognition of the need for it.

 

 

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