Environment and development
in coastal regions and in small islands

(Available in PDF only )

Coastal region and small island papers 21


EXIT from the


List of acronyms


  1. Introduction
    1.1 Coastal regions and their integrated management
    1.2 Integrated coastal management in northern Russia
    1.3 Sustainable coastal development in the White Sea – Barents Sea region, northern Russia project
    1.4 Documenting the process

  2. Kandalaksha region and its stakeholders
    2.1 Geography
    2.2 Stakeholders
    2.3 Relationships between the stakeholders

  3. Cultural and historical background
    3.1 Pre-Slavic period
    3.2 Pomory culture
    3.3 Increasing exploitation of coastal resources
    3.4 Soviet period: change of priorities
    3.5 Transition period and beyond

  4. Ecological, social and economic setting
    4.1 Ecology
    4.1.1 Meteorological conditions
    4.1.2 Hydrological conditions
    4.2 Sociological characteristics
    4.3 Economic situation

  5. Decision-making tools
    5.1 Resource-user impact matrix
    5.2 Interaction/con. ict matrix

  6. Making integrated coastal management a reality
    6.1 Project assessment
    6.2 Promoting small business management
    6.3 Municipal working group for coastal management
    6.4 Strategic plan for the development of an integrated coastal management system in the Gulf of Kandalaksha

  7. Concluding remarks
Annex 1 Local topographical terms
Annex 2 Time line of the project and related activities
Annex 3 Hydrochemical properties of the water at the head of the Gulf of Kandalaksha
Annex 4 Wise practice characteristics
Annex 5 Field project assessment: Sustainable, coastal development in the White Sea – Barents Sea region, northern Russia
Annex 6 Strategic plan for the development of an integrated coastal management system in the Gulf of Kandalaksha
Annex 7 Impact of the White Sea - Barents Sea project in the Gulf of Kandalaksha
Annex 8 Partners in the project
Annex 9 Participating organizations at workshops on the ‘Rational use of the northern seas’ coastal zone’

The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this document do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the UNESCO Secretariat concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of their authorities, or concerning the delimitation of their frontiers or boundaries. Reproduction is authorized, providing that appropriate mention is made of the source, and copies sent to the UNESCO (Paris) address below. This document should be cited as:

UNESCO, 2006. Exit from the labyrinth. Integrated coastal management in the Kandalaksha District, Murmansk Region of the Russian Federation. Coastal region and small island papers 21, UNESCO, Paris, 75 pp.

Within the limits of stocks available, extra copies of this document can be obtained, free of charge, from:

UNESCO Moscow Office
Mytnaya str. 1
Moscow 119049
Russian Federation
fax: +7 495 238 60 85 / 956 36 66
e-mail: moscow@unesco.ru
Russian State Hydrometeorological University
98 Malookhtinsky pr.
195196, Saint-Petersburg
Russian Federation
fax: +7 812 444 60 90
e-mail: rshu@rshu.ru

The ‘Coastal region and small island papers’ series was launched by the Organization in 1997. Information on CSI activities, as well as extra copies of this document, can be obtained at the following address:

Coastal Regions and Small Islands (CSI) platform
UNESCO, 1 rue Miollis
75732 Paris Cedex 15, France
fax: +33 1 45 68 58 08
e-mail: csi@unesco.org
website: www.unesco.org/csi

Authors: Dr A. S. Averkiyev (Fishery Oceanology), Dr G. G. Gogoberidze (Coastal Zone Economy), Dr Ye. Yu. Kluikov (Engineering Oceanology), Dr M. R. Kononenko (Economics), Dr S. V. Lukyanov (Oceanology), L. A. Osnitsky (Political Science), Dr N. L. Plink (Integrated Coastal Zone Management Methods), Dr M. B. Shilin (Anthropological Ecology) from the Russian State Hydrometeorological University (RSHU), St Petersburg; and Dr O. V. Kelasjev (Confl ict Resolution) from the State University of St Petersburg

Russian editor: Michael Shilin
English translation: V. V. Bankevich (St Petersburg State University)
English editors: Gillian Cambers and Claire Blackburn
Photographs: Michael Shilin, Ryurik Chemyakin, Dmitrij Goustoev, Ivan Pannevitz and Yevgenij Kluikov
Design and layout: Micheline Turner

First published in Russian in 2004 by the Russian State Hydrometeorological University

Published in 2006 by the
United Nations Educational, Scientifi c and Cultural Organization
7, place de Fontenoy, 75352 Paris 07 SP, France

Printed by UNESCO

© UNESCO/Russian State Hydrometeorological University 2006
Printed in France



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