Environment and development
in coastal regions and in small islands
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Coastal management sourcebooks 2

Table of Contents
Preface
Foreword
Introduction – Alexandria in an evolving context
1 ALEXANDRIA IN EARLY TIMES: HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES
  The greatest emporium in the inhabited world
(Mostafa El-Abbadi)
  The two ports of Alexandria: plans and maps from the 14th century to the time of Mohamed Ali
(Harry E. Tzalas)
2 UNDERWATER ARCHAEOLOGY ALONG THE ALEXANDRIAN COAST
  Early discoveries of submarine archaeological sites in Alexandria
(Selim A. Morcos)
  Kamel Abul-Saadat: a pioneer in Alexandrian underwater archaeology
(Hala Halim)
  Underwater archaeological investigations of the ancient Pharos
(Jean-Yves Empereur)
  Underwater archaeological survey of Alexandria’s Eastern Harbour
(Franck Goddio)
3 SUBMERGED HERITAGE SITES AROUND THE MEDITERRANEAN BASIN
  From Byblos to Pharos: some archaeological considerations
(Honor Frost)
  The Port of Sabratha, Libya
(Nicola Bonacasa)
  The ancient port of war, Thasos, Greece
(Angeliki Simossi)
  Underwater archaeology in Greece
(Dimitris Kazianis)
  Modern development and ancient maritime sites along the Tyrrhenian coast
(Enrico Felici)
4 REMOTE-SENSING AND ARCHAEOLOGY
  Remote-sensing tools for archaeology
(Farouk El-Baz)
  Remote imaging of submerged man-made structures
(H. Arnold Carr)
  Proposed survey of Alexandria harbours by a sonar sub-bottom profiler
(Nils Tongring and Neal W. Driscoll)
5 CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES FOR UNDERWATER ARTEFACTS
  Conservation of marine artefacts: examples from INA-Egypt projects
(Howard Wellman)
  Protection of shipwrecks: the experience of the Spanish National Maritime Archaeological Museum
(Iván Negueruela)
  Data management in underwater archaeology
(Vincenzo Sommella)
6 LEGAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR SUBMARINE HERITAGE SITES
  Conventions and laws related to submarine archaeological sites in the Mediterranean
(Vincent Négri)
  Legal principles for protecting underwater cultural heritage
(Lyndel V. Prott)
7 POLLUTION AND EROSION IMPACTS ON COASTAL HERITAGE
  Human impacts on Alexandria’s marine environment
(Youssef Halim and Fatma Abou Shouk)
  Environmental concerns in Alexandrian underwater archaeology
(Ossama M. T. Aboul Dahab)
  Currents and their variability in Eastern Harbour and Qait Bey areas
(Ahmed Abdel Hamid El-Gindy)
  Wave propagation and sedimentation at the Pharos site
(Denis Aelbrecht, J.-M. Menon and Eric Peltier)
  Coastal processes and proposed protection works along the Alexandrian coastline
(Alfy Morcos Fanos and Omran El Sayed Frihy)
8 INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT OF COASTAL HERITAGE
  Need for a coastal management plan: the Alexandria case
(Ibtehal Y. El-Bastawissi)
  In the same boat and learning the ropes: an Alexandria/Boston comparison
(Victor T. Mastone)
  Urban design and eco-tourism: the Alexandria Comprehensive Master Plan
(Mohsen Zahran)
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