for International Development
DFID is the British Government department responsible for promoting development and the reduction of poverty. The policy of the Government was set out in a White Paper on International Development published in November 1997. The central focus of the policy is a commitment to the internationally agreed targets to halve the proportion of people living in extreme poverty by 2015 together with the associated targets including basic health care provision and universal access to primary education by the same date. DFID seeks to work in partnership with governments which are committed to the international targets and also seeks to work with business, civil society and the research community to encourage progress which will help reduce poverty. DFID also works with multilateral institutions including the World Bank, United Nations agencies and the European Commission
UNESCO promotes international cooperation in natural and social sciences, culture, communication and education in an effort to ‘build the defenses of peace in the minds of humanity’. Such cooperation benefits from the Organization’s capacity to integrate action from these different domains, for example, utilizing its Coastal Regions and Small Islands (CSI) initiative, launched in 1996. On the CSI platform over 20 intersectoral pilot projects have been initiated involving some 60 countries, uniting decision-makers, local communities, cultural heritage experts, scientists and others. Interlinked UNESCO Chairs foster interdisciplinary training and capacity-building for environmentally sustainable, socially equitable and culturally appropriate coastal development. On the basis of lessons learnt so far, a preliminary set of ‘wise practices’is being elaborated and widely disseminated. One such practice is to provide easy access to useful resource material; this publication is a prime example.