Environment and development
in coastal regions and in small islands

WiCoP Forum survey
(carried out during September & October 2001)

Compiled by Annette Mühlig-Hofmann, with the support of Benjamin Sims, UNESCO - CSI


Table of contents

Survey details
Questions & Feedbacks: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Annex 1: History of the Forum - Summary
Annex 2: Web Server Statistics for Wise Coastal Practices Forum

 

SURVEY DETAILS :

QUESTIONS & FEEDBACKS:

Question 1. Forum messages are posted once every 10 days. Do you read:
All of them / Some of them / None
     
Feedback: 34% of the respondents read all messages, 59% read some, 5% read none, and 2% abstentions.
     
Question 2. Do you forward the information to other people?
All the time / Sometimes / Never
     
Feedback: 5.6% of the respondents forward all of the messages, 68% forward the messages sometimes, 24.6% never forward the messages, with 1.5% abstentions.
     
Question 3. Have you personally contributed to the forum? Yes / No
If yes, how often?
If no, why not?
     
Feedback:

15% of the respondents had already contributed to the Forum, contributed often (60% of contributing people), about 3 times (10% of contributing people), twice (16% of contributing people) and once (34% of contributing people).

The respondents who had not contributed (85%) gave as reasons: lack of time; lack of experience and/or background knowledge; no occasion so far; already so many info sources around in today’s society; no direct interest and relation to posted subjects; not sure on what aspect contribution could be realized; feeling of having nothing useful or substantial to contribute; contributors cover comments adequately; only recently joined; unsure how to do contribute; difficult to read because containing sometimes unreadable letters; people from the UK and US dominate these debates; perception that it is for less developed nations; in Forum only for information; still evaluating topics; prefer to read the opinion of others; currently no own research 

     
Question 4. What discussion topics are of most interest to you? Please list up to 3 in order of interest
     
Feedback:
  • Africa and Pacific regions of highest interest
  • Agenda 21
  • Aquaculture
  • Beach and coastal erosion (also in relation to flood prevention)
  • Beaches
  • Best management practices
  • Best practices on coastal development
  • Biodiversity (protection and conservation of)
  • Bioremediation
  • Breakwaters
  • Carbon burial fluxes
  • Carrying capacity
  • Child development, education
  • Coastal habitat preservation
  • Coastal hazard management
  • Coastal hygiene
  • Coastal law
  • Coastal management legislation
  • Coastal vulnerability
  • Coastal zone monitoring
  • Co-management of wetland/coastal, and coastal/marine resources, offshore/ territorial sea
  • Communicating with policy makers
  • Community culture
  • Community participation and community based management, traditional environmental knowledge
  • Community-based fisheries management
  • Conferences/meetings/publications
  • Conservation, conservation/development conflicts
  • Consumer awareness campaigns
  • Coral reefs
  • Cumulative impacts
  • Desalination
  • Developing countries
  • (Eco-) Tourism
  • Endangered species
  • Environmental impact assessment
  • Environmental rights of indigenous peoples, traditional tenure, minority involvement in environmental decision-making and management, etc.
  • Erosion
  • Ethics
  • Eutrophication, anthropogenic effect/nutrients and oxygen depletion in coastal waters
  • Experiences in other parts of the world
  • Fisheries, fisheries management
  • Forest
  • Function of management systems
  • Funding
  • "Green" engineering measures to control coastal zones
  • ICM/ICZM (application in various cultural settings)
  • Implementation of renewable energy facilities in coastal development
  • Indigenous involvement
  • Institutional arrangements
  • Island communities
  • Land use
  • Law enforcement
  • Mangroves
  • Mariculture
  • Marinas and other coastal development
  • Marine protected areas, MPA management
  • Marine reserves
  • New initiatives, organisations, funds available for marine resource management
  • NGO and GO decisions and activity
  • Overfishing
  • Planification processes
  • Policies about dune management
  • Policy issues, marine policy
  • Poverty alleviation
  • Protection of marine mammals
  • Psychological approaches that worked in different environments
  • Rehabilitation techniques
  • Renewable resources
  • River basins
  • Role of traditional and local knowledge
  • Role of women and youth
  • Saltmarshes
  • Sea level change and global change in general
  • Self-destruct theory of tourism
  • Sewage dumping, marine pollution, shipping contamination
  • Social and cultural problems of coastal economies
  • Social impact of tourism
  • Social transformation of the paysan community
  • Socio-economy
  • Stakeholders analysis
  • Successful examples in small island states
  • Sustainable development (of coastal communities)
  • Technical solutions to sustainable livelihood issues
  • Traditional conservation practices
  • Traditional protection of maritime bio-diversity
  • Use of markets
  • Viewing tourism as cultural experience
  • Waves
  • Wildlife defence
  • Wise use of resources, sustainable resource management
  • Zonification
     
Question 5.  
Has the forum influenced:
a) Your understanding of coastal problems? Yes / No
Your views about wise coastal practices Yes / No
Your application of wise coastal practices? Yes / No
b) Other aspects?
c) Additional Comments, if any:
     
Feedback 5a):

(‘No’ means either ‘no’ or ‘no answer at all’)

The Forum influences the understanding of coastal problems in 78% of the respondents, the views about wise coastal practices in 73%, and the application of wise coastal practices in 43.6% of the respondents.

     
Feedback 5b):
  • «Hard to answer; new information has been given, which could be compiled and that's it»;
  • «The question on the influence on application is hard to answer; since not (yet) in a position where practices can be applied; or most examples seen in the forum have grass-roots approach, rather than institutional; yes and no: many contributions are related to limited areas (Caribbean, Small Island of Pacific Ocean and some others)»
  • «Very useful source of information; updated and recent; improves knowledge of some areas and case studies»;
  • «Information material useful for lectures, citing them from the websites» ;
  • «Influence on teaching of topics; forum has provided global insight on matters that require sound decisions (e.g. conservation of biodiversity and environmental security)»
  • «To read about others' experiences has given some ideas and stimulated discussion among people»
  • «Information utilized for publishing different articles in daily news and reviews in different regions of the world, demonstrating the importance taken by ICM regarding climate problems and globalisation; contributed in different parliaments from the governments with the examples exposed in this forum to improve and create a plan on the ICM (contribution from Germany)
  • «Influence on environmental assessments»
  • «Influence on prevention, risk evaluation and even mitigation of coastal issues, understanding of the diversity of problems/contexts and solutions and the need for promotion of this knowledge globally»
  • «Influence to wider perspective, similarities with other countries can be seen; widens knowledge, helps making your mind up about things; raises awareness on management activities; better knowledge of practices in other countries» 
  • «Forum helps in having a richer vision of own job; its mission is very useful, communicating many social and professional experiences» 
  • «Receiving the messages in English, French, and Spanish assists in building up the appropriate vocabulary in those languages»
  • «Useful unreported examples on island tourism»
  • «Opens eyes to more global issues, learned about places previously little known or unknown; application very specific to the region, so many issues in forum not always applicable here»
  • «CSI project has given realization that both traditional knowledge and modern science can be used for harmonious development; it has been very educational in thinking out the different definitions of 'sustainable development' and 'sustainable living'»
  • «Informative to know what is happening in other parts of the world; learned that coastal problems are worldwide and solutions are also much the same»
     
Question 6.

Are you involved with other Internet fora or discussion groups? Yes / No
If yes, how does the Wise Coastal Practices Forum compare with these other electronic fora or groups?
Is it: Better / Same / Worse?
Additional comments, if any:

     
Feedback: 56% of the respondents are enlisted in other online fora. Of these, 40.4% judged the CSI-Forum better, 34% the same, and 8.5% worse than the other(s); 17% find it difficult to compare («sometimes better, sometimes worse, sometimes same») or did not answer.
     

Additional comments to Questions 5 and 6

Positive feedback:

Negative feedback:

Question 7. Can you suggest ways in which the Wise Coastal Practices Forum might evolve or improve?

Feedback concerning the general form of postings:

Feedback concerning the forum’s content and future:

Question 8. About yourself:
                        a) Country of residence:
                        b) Occupation:
                        c) Field of expertise:
                        d) Do you work with coastal issues?          Directly / Indirectly / Not at all
                        e) Main affiliation (answer 1 only & delete all other options):
                                   Academic/research institution
                                   Community group
                                   Consulting professional
                                   Government agency
                                   Interested individual
                                   International organization
                                   Non-governmental organization
                                   Private sector
                                   Regional organization
                                   Other:

Feedback 8a): 86 Countries of residence of respondents (number of respondents per country)

Algeria (1)

Albania (1)

Angola (1)

Anguilla (2)

Argentina (1)

Australia (10)

Bangladesh (1)

Barbados (2)

Belgium (8)

Brazil (6)

Cameroon (1)

Canada (12)

Chile (incl. Rapanui) (2)

China (4)

Colombia (2)

Costa Rica (1)

Croatia (1)

Cuba (3)

Denmark (9)

Dominica (Commonwealth of) (1)

Dominican Republic (1)

Egypt (2)

Fiji (2)

Finland (3)

France (incl. La Réunion) (21+2)

Gambia (1)

Germany (8)

Ghana (2)

Great Britain (incl. Montserrat) (28+1)

Greece (3)

Guatemala (2)

Haiti (1)

Honduras (1)

India (9)

Indonesia (6)

Iran (1)

Ireland (1)

Israel (2)

Italy (4)

Jamaica (2)

Japan (2)

Kenya (5)

Korea (1)

Lebanon (1)

Lithuania (4)

Madagascar (3)

Malaysia (1)

Maroc (2)

Marshall Islands (1)

Mauritanie (1)

Mauritius (3)

Mexico (3)

Mozambique (1)

Netherlands (9)

New Caledonia (1)

New Zealand (5)

Nicaragua (1)

Niue Island (1)

Norway (4)

Palau (3)

Philippines (15)

Poland (1)

Portugal (3)

Russia (3)

Samoa (3)

Sénégal (2)

Seychelles (3)

Singapore (3)

South Africa (6)

Spain (incl. Canary Islands) (6)

St Kitts & Nevis (3)

St Lucia (1)

St Vincent & The Grenadines (1)

Suriname (1)

Sweden (3)

Switzerland (2)

Tanzania (3)

Thailand (3)

Togo (1)

Trinidad & Tobago (4)

Turkey (2)

Uganda (1)

Uruguay (8)

USA (26)

Yugoslavia (incl. Montenegro) (1+1)

Note: two participants gave two countries

Feedback 8b): Occupations as given by respondents

Feedback 8c): Field of expertise as given by respondents:

   
Feedback:

8d) Work of participants related to coastal issues?
(some people gave both ‘directly’ and ‘indirectly’ as answers)

64% of the respondents work directly with coastal issues, and 28% indirectly; of 4.8%, the work is not related to coastal issues; 3.3% did not answer the question.

   

Feedback 8e): Affiliation of participants

Affiliation

% Respondents

Academic or Research Institution 

42

Government Agency 

13.7

Consulting Professional 

13.4

International Organisation 

9.2

Non-Governmental Organisation

7.7

Regional Organisation

2

Private Sector

2

Interested Individual

1.5

Community Group

1.2

Others

4.2

No answer

3.3

ANNEX 1: History of the Forum - Summary

ANNEX 2: Web Server Statistics for Wise Coastal Practices Forum

2A : Number of requests per country/domain during 9 months from June ’01 to February ’02:

Domain
Combined Jun01 – Feb02

Non-profit Organisations (.org)

4092

Unresolved numerical addresses

2707

Network (.net)

1313

France

559

USA (incl. edu/gov/arpa)

545

Commercial (.com)

507

UK

353

Canada

251

Indonesia

192

South Africa

137

Spain

119

Netherlands

112

Germany

110

Australia

87

Malaysia

78

Argentina

73

New Zealand

71

Uruguay

71

Italy

62

Portugal

61

Brazil

59

Belgium

58

Denmark

52

Thailand

51

Mexico

49

Fiji

47

Greece

42

Saudi Arabia

39

Sweden

39

Venezuela

38

Poland

37

India

36

Trinidad and Tobago

32

Estonia

27

Malta

26

Latvia

25

Japan

20

Tanzania

20

Yugoslavia

19

Austria

16

International

16

Norway

16

Switzerland

16

Philippines

15

Finland

11

Singapore

11

Dominica

10

Dominican Republic

10

Morocco

10

Ireland

9

United Arab Emirates

9

Namibia

8

Seychelles

8

Mauritius

7

Uganda

7

Costa Rica

5

Croatia

5

Hong Kong

5

Jamaica

5

Panama

5

Colombia

4

Lithuania

4

Russia

3

Chile

2

Israel

2

Taiwan

2

Egypt

1

Total for 9 months

12438

Average per month

1382

2B: Organisations by the number of requests over 9 months from June ’01 to February ’02:

Organisation
Combined Jun01 – Feb02

unesco.org

3961

unresolved numerical address

2715

proxad.net

560

ui.edu

302

club-internet.fr

206

aol.com

117

interpacket.net

72

jaring.my

71

bppt.go.id

70

cwjamaica.com

67

scotland.net

67

libertysurf.fr

64

hope.ac.uk

60

completel.fr

51

rr.com

47

worldbank.org

45

mweb.co.za

45

pol.co.uk

44

isu.net.sa

39

ifremer.fr

38

ja.net

38

coqui.net

34

chello.be

33

uba.ar

32

ttd.es

32

ppp.tpnet.pl

31

reacciun.net.ve

31

cbn.net.id

30

idngh.com

30

noos.net

29

upenn.edu

29

law.dal.ca

29

psu.ac.th

28

sympatico.ca

28

bctel.ca

28

link.net

27

tmns.net.au

27

brgm.fr

26

homechoice.co.uk

26

washington.edu

25

actrix.co.nz

25

gu.se

24

tn.nic.in

23

sify.net

23

uva.nl

23

wanadoo.fr

21

mweb.co.id

21

bellatlanticnet.net

21

itb.ac.id

21

dfo-mpo.gc.ca

21

tstt.net.tt

21

pop-tefe.rnp.br

21

megapath.net

21

tz

20

ea.gov.au

20

uca.es

20

dkp.go.id

20

eenet.ee

20

univ-brest.fr

19

uct.ac.za

19

cg.yu

19

uzulu.ac.za

19

usp.ac.fj

18

ku.dk

18

home.com

18

durham.gov.uk

17

aber.ac.uk

17

gwdg.de

17

pvt.k12.ct.us

17

geog.uwo.ca

16

pik-potsdam.de

16

xs4all.nl

16

uudial.com

16

laguna.net

15

hknet.com

15

lava.net

15

prserv.net

15

i-one.at

14

saix.net

14

udel.edu

14

itc.nl

14

iup.edu

14

skyinet.net

13

int

13

tnc.org

13

borstad.com

13

argenet.com.ar

13

star.net.uk

12

uni-kiel.de

12

snet.net

12

nu.ac.za

12

otenet.gr

12

kyst.dk

12

dedicado.com.uy

12

tin.it

12

mi.mun.ca

12

waikato.ac.nz

12

pref.okinawa.jp

12

is.com.fj

11

esm.com.uy

11

wcmc.org.uk

11

arpa

11

xtra.co.nz

11

telia.com

11

mairie-marseille.fr

11

dhi.dk

11

das.mcgill.ca

10

cwdom.dm

10

is.co.za

10

sopac.org.fj

9

lancs.ac.uk

9

att.net

9

telmex.net.mx

9

ulst.ac.uk

9

poptel.org.uk

9

net24.it

8

raha.com

8

disl.org

7

adinet.com.uy

7

indiana.edu

7

coventry.ac.uk

7

 

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