Aspects of Islamic Cultures

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The Spread of Islam Throughout the World

Prof. Idris El Hareir
El Hadj Ravane M'Baye


The third volume in the series looks at Islam from a historical and geographical angle, and describes the social and religious setting in which the Prophet Muhammad and his successors undertook to spread the teachings of Islam. The main features of the political system founded by the Prophet are outlined, and we follow the emergence of the umma or Islamic community. The Muslim faith spread into Arabia and beyond through jihad, preaching and diplomacy. In places as far apart as Persia, Africa and Europe the process of Islamization faced widely differing challenges. The skills of the Muslim armies are described in this volume, and the role of the jihad is considered. We look at the Muslim institutions that were established previously non-Islamic societies, and the contribution of those civilizations to Islamic science and culture. The impact of Western colonialism on Muslim countries is evaluated, as is the situation of Muslim minorities in Western countries today.

Table of Contents


Chapter 1 : The advent of the Prophet and the Islamization of Arabia

1.1. The Prophet Muhammad and the Universal Message of Islam

1.2 The Emergence of the Umma

1.3 The Islamization of Arabia
Wahid Wafi

1.4 The historical process of the propagation of Islam over the world

Chapter 2 : The first stage in the spread of Islam

2.1 The Jihad

2.2 Islam in Bilad al-Sham (Syria)

2.3 Islam in Bilad al-Rafidaïn (Iraq)
Husain Amin

2.4 Islam in Egypt and Nubia

2.5. Islamization of Africa
El Hadj Ravane M’Baye

Chapter 3 : Universal dimensions of the spread of Islam

3.1 The universal Caliphate
Prof. C.E. Bosworth

3.2. The Sultanates 
Prof. CE Bosworth

3.3 Islam in the Maghrib
Prof. El-Hareir

3.4 Islam in Andalusia and the Mediterranean Islands
Prof. El Hareir

3.5 Islam in Iran
Prof. Aînevand

3.6 Islam in Asia Minor
H. Inalcik

3.7 Islam in Afghanistan
A. Salem Al-Zelitny

3.8 Islam in the Indian Sub-continent
Prof. Sayyed Rizwan Ali

Chapter 4 : The spread of Islam throughout the world

4.1 External challenges 

- Crusades (1097-1291)
Prof. Demirkent
- Crusades (1291-1571)
H. Inalcik

4.2. Islam in South-East Asia
Prof. Baroroh Baried

4.3. Islam in Africa
Prof. El Hadj Ravane M’Baye

4.4. Islam in Central Asia
Prof. Frye & Prof. De Weese

4.5. Islam in the Balkans
Prof. Enes Karic

4.6. Islam in the Far East
Prof. Hee Soo Lee

Chapter 5 : New Horizons for the spread of Islam

5.1. Islam in Europe
Prof . Smail Balic

5.2 Islam in North America, in Central America and in South America
Prof. Akbar

5.3 Islam in Australia, in New Zealand and surrounding islands
Prof. A. Kettani

Chapter 6: Islam on the threshold of the modern world

6.1. Colonialism and Islam in Africa
Iba Der Thiam

6 .2. The National States and the Unity of Islam
Iba Der Thiam