History of Civilizations of Central Asia

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Towards the Contemporary Period: From the Mid-nineteenth to the End of the Twentieth Century

Chahryar Adle

Madhavan K. Palat and Anara Tabyshalieva

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Summary :

The sixth volume brings this series to an end as it takes in the whole of the modern period from colonial conquest and domination to decolonization; the Cold War from start to finish; the disintegration of the Soviet Union; and the renewed instability in certain areas.

Not only did the colonial regimes lay a new patina over the region, but nationalism remoulded all old identities into a series of new ones. That process of the twentieth century was perhaps the most transformative of all after the colonial subjugation of the nineteenth. While it has been the basis of remarkable stability in vast stretches of the region, it has been a fertile source of tension and even wars in other parts. The impact and the results of such changes have been astonishingly variable despite the proximity of these states to each other and their being subject to, or driven, by virtually the same compulsions.

icon4.gif (76 octets) Table of Contents


icon4.gif (76 octets)  Table of Contents

Description of the project
M. S. Asimov

Members of the International Scientific Committee

List of contributors

Editors’ note

C. Adle

Part I: Continuity and change

Chapter 1. The states of Central Asia (second half of nineteenth century to early twentieth century),
V. Fourniau and C. Poujol
2. Trade and the economy (second half of nineteenth century to early twentieth century),
C. Poujol and V. Fourniau
3. Social structures in Central Asia,
A. Tabyshalieva
4. The British in Central Asia,
Madhavan K. Palat
Part One: From the mid-nineteenth century to 1918
Part Two: From 1918 to the mid-twentieth century
5. Tsarist Russia and Central Asia,
N. A. Abdurakhimova
6. Establishment of Soviet power in Central Asia (1917–24),
R. Y. Radjapova
7. Intellectual and political ferment,
G. Ashurov

Part II: Political changes and state formation

8. The evolution of nation-states,
Madhavan K. Palat
9. Uzbekistan,
D. A. Alimova and A. A. Golovanov
10. Kazakhstan,
K. Nurpeis
11. Kyrgyzstan,
A. Tabyshalieva
12 Tajikistan,
M. Dinorshoev
13. Turkmenistan,
M. Annanepesov and M. Moshev
14. The Sayan-Altai mountain region and south-eastern Siberia,
D. Vasilev
15. Mongolia
Part One: Mongolia from the eighteenth century to 1919,
T. Nakami
Part Two: The Mongolian People’s Revolution of 1921 and the Mongolian People’s Republic (1924–46),
Ts. Batbayar
Part Three: The Mongolian People’s Republic: social transformation and its challenges (1945–90),
J. Boldbaatar
16. Western China (Xinjiang),
Qin Huibin
17. North India (excluding Pakistan after 1947),
Iqtidar A. Khan
18. Pakistan (since 1947),
R. Afzal
19. Afghanistan
Part One: Afghanistan from 1850 to 1919,
C. Noelle-Karimi
Part Two: From independence to the rise of the Taliban,
W. Maley and A. Saikal
20. Iran and its eastern regions (1848–1989),
N. Nasiri-Moghaddam

Part III: Environment, society and culture

21. The natural environment of Central and South Asia,
E. Shukurov
22. The status of women (1917–90)
Part One: The status of women in northern Central Asia,
D. A. Alimova
Part Two: Women’s movements and changes in the legal status of women in Iran and Afganistan (1900–90),
A. Kian-Thiébaut
Part Three: The status of women in India and Pakistan,
S. Moosvi
23. Education, the press and public health,
A. K. Patnaik
24. Science and technology,
W. Floor
25. The art of the northern regions of Central Asia,
A. Khakimov
26. The arts in eastern Central Asia
Part One: The art and architecture of Xinjiang,
Li Sheng and Xu Jianying
Part Two: Uighur vernacular architecture,
R. G. Rozi
Part Three: The art and architecture of Mongolia,
C. Atwood
27. The arts in western and southern Central Asia
Part One: Iran and Afghanistan,
W. Floor
. Photography (C. Adle)
Part Two: India and Pakistan,
S. P. Verma
28. Cinema and theatre,
L. L. Adams
29. Architecture and urban planning in northern Central Asia from the Russian conquest to the Soviet period (1865–1990),
M. Azzout
30. Literature in Persian and other Indo-Iranian languages
Part One: Literature in Persian,
H. Javadi
Part Two: Literature in Dari,
H. Javadi
Part Three: Literature in Tajik,
A. Alimardonov
Part Four: Literature in other Indo-Iranian languages,
I. Hasnain
31. Literature in Turkic and Mongolian
Part One: Literature in Turkic,
R. Dor
Part Two: Literature in Mongolian,
G. Kara

Madhavan K. Palat

1. Tsarist Russia and Central Asia
2. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), Russian Federation and the republics of Central Asia
3.Mongolia and western China (Xinjiang)
4. British India
5. India and Pakistan
6. Afghanistan and Iran
7. The natural environment of Central and South Asia
8. Present-day Central Asia

Bibliography and References