Project "Chittagong Hill Tracks - A community based approach to integrated basic services in Bangladesh"


UNICEF contributes to the fulfilment of rights of children and women in Bangladesh, with particular focus on
the most marginalized and disadvantaged groups. The women and children in the Chittagong Hill Tracts
(CHT) are one such group that UNICEF has been working with for many years. The CHTs consist of three
districts located in the southeastern part of the country. The estimated population is 1.3 million; in 1991, 51
per cent of the population was of indigenous origin and 49 were of Bengali origin. The indigenous people of
the CHTs consist of 11 ethnic groups whose appearance, language and cultural traditions are markedly
different from those of the Bengali-speaking people living in the plains of Bangladesh. The CHT area is one of
the most disadvantaged and isolated areas in the country. The area was seriously affected by a civil unrest
which lasted for over 25 years. Although a peace agreement was signed in 1997, the situation remained
unstable for a long time. This, coupled with the hilly terrain, forced commercialization and severe poverty
have left the CHT lagging behind in key social and economic indicators compared to other districts in
With funding from the UK National Committee for UNICEF, a project called, "Chittagong Hill Tracts - A
community-based approach to integrated basic services in Bangladesh" has been formulated.
By the end of 2009, results included:
• The number of para (villages) centres had been increased and were serving as Early Learning
Centres (ELCs) and the transition to primary education has been enhanced
• Childhood immunization has increased and women and girls have increased access to micro-nutrient
supplementation. The World Food Programme and UNICEF collaborated on providing fortified
biscuits to children attending the para centres
• Access to obstetric care doubled in two years
• The level of hand washing significantly improved
One of the challenges in 2010 and 2011 is to ensure increased ownership by the communities themselves
and government authorities.

Niveau d’intervention géographique

  • Local
  • Régional


  • Renforcer l'éducation de qualité et le développement de compétences interculturelles

Pays bénéficiaire (s) / Groupes cibles

  • Children and women in Bangladesh

Nom de l’organisation / Entité responsable principale

UNICEF Division of Policy and Practice

01/01/2009 - 31/12/2011