Organization of an expedition on national minority problems of the reindeer people of Mongolia, Russia and China


Since 2006, the IISNC (International Institute for the Study of Nomadic Civilizations) has been carrying out an international expedition among the reindeer people of Mongolia, Russia and China. The joint team which consists of researchers above-mentioned countries is focusing on ethnographical, anthropological and cultural changing issues of habitants of these regions.
In 2010 we are planning to implement expedition in route on Khuvsgul-Tsagaannuur (Mongolian territory)-Khailaar-Oluguya (Territory of the PR China)-Nijnii Udinsk-Alagjir (Territory of the Russian Federation). We will collect materials for our ethnographical comparative studies, and survey the nomads’ living conditions, innovations, changing methods of development and the current state of culture and daily livelihood by taking pictorial, video and audio records. As an expected result of our study, we will come to gain essential knowledge and records on below-mentioned issues such as,
-Ethnographical structure of ethnic minorities
-Husbandry structure of ethnic minorities
-Customs of ethnic minorities
-Current status of religion /shamanism and spiritual traditions etc./ for ethnic minorities
The main purpose of the field-surveys is to gain a deeper understanding of nomadic civilization and the culture of ethnic minorities with different living conditions that are located in different states, but with one style of reindeer husbandry.

Expected results: Due to the process of worldwide modernization and globalization, these tribal people face multiple problems and obstacle related to reindeer herding and the herding lifestyle. We will clarify national minority problems and cultural changing issues of Tuvan ethnic group (Mongolia), Tofalar ethnic group (Russian Federation) and Evenk ethnic group (PR China). As a final result of the project, we will make a recommendation based on national minority problems and cultural values for policy-makers in three countries – Mongolia, Russian and China.
Apart from theoretical insight into the issues such as historical comparative methods, the project will have practical characters based on the sociological question, testing and observation. The main concepts will be analyzed through case studies and group discussions, but some will also include observations as well as contacting and interviewing with reindeer-herders.

Niveau d’intervention géographique

  • International


  • Favoriser le dialogue au service du développement durable
  • Promouvoir une connaissance mutuelle de la diversité culturelle, ethnique, linguistique, religieuse
  • Renforcer l'éducation de qualité et le développement de compétences interculturelles

Pays bénéficiaire (s) / Groupes cibles

  • Minorities

Principaux partenaires

-Institute of the Mongol, Tibetan and Buddhist Studies
-Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Nom de l’organisation / Entité responsable principale

International Institute for the Study of Nomadic Civilizations

01/01/2010 - 30/12/2010