Huaconada, ritual dance of Mito

Inscribed in 2010 (5.COM) on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity

© 2004 by S. Mujica
Huaconada is a ritual dance performed in the village of Mito in the province of Concepción in the central Peruvian Andes. Every year, on the first three days of January, masked men known as ''huacones'' perform a choreographed series of dances in the centre of the town. The ''huacones'' represent the former council of elders, and for the duration of Huaconada they become the town’s highest authority. The ''tronador'' (whip) they carry and their masks emphasize this role, the latter characterized by accentuated noses that evoke the beak of the condor, creature that represents the spirit of the sacred mountains. The dance involves two types of ''huacones:'' elders who wear traditional costumes and finely-carved masks inspiring respect and fear; and modern ''huacones'' who wear colourful dress, their masks embodying terror, sadness or mockery. During Huaconada, the modern ''huacones'' dance circumscribed steps around the elders, who have greater freedom to dance improvised movements because of their seniority. An orchestra plays different rhythms, beating out time on a small indigenous drum called a ''tinya.'' Huaconada synthesizes distinctive elements from the Andes and Spain while incorporating new, modern elements. Only those of good conduct and moral integrity may become ''huacones.'' The dance is traditionally passed on from father to son, while clothing and masks are also inherited.