http://www.unesco.org/culture/ich/en/RL/00282

Novruz, Nowrouz, Nooruz, Navruz, Nauroz, Nevruz

Inscribed in 2009 (4.COM) on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity

Country(ies): Azerbaijan, India, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Turkey, Uzbekistan

Identification

Description

Novruz, Nowrouz, Nooruz, Navruz, Nauroz, Nevruz

Novruz, Nowrouz, Nooruz, Navruz, Nauroz or Nevruz marks the New Year and the beginning of spring across a vast geographical area covering, inter alia, Azerbaijan, India, Iran, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Turkey and Uzbekistan. It is celebrated on 21 March every year, a date originally determined by astronomical calculations. Novruz is associated with various local traditions, such as the evocation of Jamshid, a mythological king of Iran, and numerous tales and legends. The rites that accompany the festivity vary from place to place, ranging from leaping over fires and streams in Iran to tightrope walking, leaving lit candles at house doors, traditional games such as horse racing or the traditional wrestling practised in Kyrgyzstan. Songs and dances are common to almost all the regions, as are semi-sacred family or public meals. Children are the primary beneficiaries of the festivities and take part in a number of activities, such as decorating hard-boiled eggs. Women play a key role in organizing Novruz and passing on its traditions. Novruz promotes the values of peace and solidarity between generations and within families, as well as reconciliation and neighbourliness, thus contributing to cultural diversity and friendship among peoples and various communities.

Documents

Decision 4.COM 13.03

The Committee (…) decides that [this element] satisfies the criteria for inscription on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, as follows:

  • R.1: The element is a celebration consisting of various customs practised within the family and the entire community, including traditional games, culinary traditions, music, dance, oral expressions and crafts, and forms a fundamental part of the cultural identity of the communities concerned;
  • R.2: The inscription of the element on the Representative List would encourage inter- and intracultural dialogue and mutual respect among cultures, while strengthening the transmission of the element to future generations;
  • R.3: A number of safeguarding measures aim, with the commitment of the communities and States, at strengthening cooperation between authorities, NGOs and local communities, the establishment of a regional network, the creation of community teaching centres in the field of the crafts and other related arts, and the realization of inventories
  • R.4: The nomination has been greeted with the enthusiastic support of local communities, cultural groups, academic institutions, practitioners and individuals concerned with the safeguarding of the element, and their consent has been obtained for the elaboration of the nomination;
  • R.5: The element is included variously on inventories according to the situation of each of the nominating States.

Slideshow

Video


© 2008 Competent Bodies of the Submitting:

•Azerbaijan: Department of Cultural Policy of Ministry of Culture and Tourism
•Iran: Iranian Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts, and Tourism Organization, Deputy in Cultural Heritage, Directorate for the Inscription of the Historical, Cultural, and Natural Heritage, the Iranian National Commission for UNESCO
•Kyrgyz Republic: Ministry of Culture and Information
•Turkey: Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Directorate General of Education and Research, Intangible Cultural Heritage Section
•Uzbekistan: Department of the Folklore of the Ministry of Culture and Sports, Fine Arts Research Institute of the Academy of Arts, National Commission of Uzbekistan for UNESCO


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