Pirekua, traditional song of the P’urhépecha
Inscribed in 2010 (5.COM) on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity
- Pirekua, traditional song of the P’urhépecha
Pirekua is a traditional music of the indigenous P’urhépecha communities of the State of Michoacán, Mexico, sung by both men and women. Its diverse mix of styles draws on African, European and indigenous American origins, with regional variations identified in 30 of the 165 P’urhépecha communities. A Pirekua, which is generally sung with a gentle rhythm, may also be presented in non-vocal styles using different beats such as sones (3/8 time) and abajeños (6/8 time). Pirekua can be sung solo, in duets or trios, or accompanied by choral groups, string orchestras and mixed orchestras (with wind instruments). Pirériecha (Pirekua singers and interpreters) are renowned for their creativity and interpretations of older songs. Lyrics cover a wide range of themes from historical events to religion, social and political thought and love and courtship, making extensive use of symbolism. Pirekua acts as an effective medium of dialogue between the P’urhépecha families and communities that practise it, helping to establish and reinforce bonds. Pirériechas also act as social mediators, using songs to express sentiments and communicate events of importance to the P’urhépecha communities. Pirekua has traditionally been transmitted orally from generation to generation, maintaining its currency as a living expression, marker of identity and means of artistic communication for more than a hundred thousand P’urhépecha people.
Decision 5.COM 6.29
The Committee (…) decides that [this element] satisfies the criteria for inscription on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, as follows:
- R.1: Deeply rooted in their social life and passed down from generation to generation, Pirekua enhances the sense of identity and continuity of the P’urhépecha community;
- R.2: The inscription of Pirekua on the Representative List could contribute to the visibility of the intangible cultural heritage while promoting mutual understanding and respect for human creativity;
- R.3: Proposed safeguarding measures focus essentially on performance and transmission, and enjoy the active support of the State and the P’urhépecha community;
- R.4: The P’urhépecha community participated in the elaboration of the nomination and the identification of proposed safeguarding measures, and its leaders provided their free, prior and informed consent;
- R.5: Pirekua, traditional song of the P’urhépecha is included in the Inventory of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Mexico maintained by the National Council for Culture and Arts.
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