Institutions, organizations, contacts
Permanent Delegation of Brazil to UNESCO
Maison de l’UNESCO
1, rue Miollis
75732 PARIS Cedex 15
Division of Cultural and Multilateral Agreements (DAMC)
Ministry of Foreign Relations
(Ministério das Relações Exteriores)
Esplanada dos Ministérios
Bloco H, Anexo 1, sala 408
70170-900 Brasília, DF
UNESCO Office in Brasilia
SAUS Qd. 5 - Bloco H - Lote 6
Ed. CNPq/IBICT/UNESCO - 9. andar
70070-912 - Brasília, DF
Culture Program officer:
Patricia Reis de Matos Braz (email@example.com)
UNESCO Office in Montevideo
Pte Masaryk No. 526
Culture Program officer:
Frédéric Vacheron (firstname.lastname@example.org)
De Sancristóbal, Berta (email@example.com)
Category 2 center(s)
Regional Centre for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Latin America (Peru)
Regional Heritage Management Training Centre (Lucio Costa)
The functions and main lines of action for the Centre are to: create and develop partnership and networks and establish collaborative research programmes to address gaps of knowledge in heritage management; identify, analyse, systematize and disseminate best practices and experience in conservation and heritage management; develop monitoring mechanisms and define indicators for measuring the state of conservation and the effectiveness of management, particularly for complex management situations such as ecosystems and urban landscape; integrate and systematize data on properties in the Region declared as World Heritage, and facilitate their transfer, thereby contributing to raising awareness leading to an increase in the number of sites in the Region on the World Heritage list; promote and communicate better understanding of the World Heritage Convention and the other UNESCO conventions related to heritage and associated concepts and terms as well as a wide variety of issues relating to heritage management; create training tools in the various heritage management fields and at different levels, promoting and organizing training activities and encouraging collaboration with both public and private institutions.
c/o Instituto do Patrimônio Histórico e Artístico Nacional (IPHAN)
SEPS Quadra 713/913 Sul Bloco D - 5º Andar
Brasília - DF
Accredited NGOs located in this country
|Name, address and source||Activities related to ICH|
Pacari Network - Medicinal Plants of the Cerrado
Articulação Pacari - Plantas Medicinais do Cerrado
Rua Gumercindo Fernandes, 690, Buarque de Macedo
Conselheiro Lafaiete - MG
Tel.: (31) 3721 1047; (31) 8417 4460
Year of creation: 2002
- oral traditions and expressions
- identification, documentation,
research (including inventory-making)
The political project of Articulation Pacari aims to enhance the traditional knowledge of local people and communities of Cerrado; visibility and political and social recognition of traditional use and management of native plants; contribute to the recovery of communities that promote the conservation of natural environments providers of environmental services like clean water, native fruits, medicinal plants and other, related to the maintenance of life and reduction of pollutant emission; to identify the holders of traditional knowledge associated with the use of biodiversity and provide opportunities for product development and generation employment and income from natural Cerrado resources; promote and expand community involvement in political events and spaces for biodiversity protection in Brazil; developing research for the registration of traditional knowledge associated with the use of Cerrado biodiversity; safeguarding intangible cultural heritage, in order to transfer and continuity of the offices of cure and practice of traditional medicine of the people of Cerrado.
The Articulation Pacari - Medicinal Plants of the Cerrado is one network that works with social and environmental community groups that work with traditional healing practices, through the sustainable use of biodiversity. The network comprises four Brazilian states that are part of the Cerrado, Goiás, Tocantins, Maranhão and Minas Gerais, and acts together with 80 community organizations formed by healers and healers, women's groups, family farmers, former slaves, indigenous, extractive and agroextrativstas associations and community pharmacies in medicinal plants.The Pacari operates nationally in the context of partnerships with national bodies such as the Agroecology National Articulation, (ANA).
The Articulation Pacari has a staff of technical assistance, which currently consists of an agronomist, a graduate student in ethnobotany, and a pharmacist, a master in Plant Biology.
Policy coordination Pacari Articulation is represented by a board comprised of four community representatives, one from each state coverage, assisted by the framework of technical advice.
Community groups members of the Articulação Pacari traditional medicine practitioners in health care in local communities.
Traditional medicine is a healing system used by the peoples of the Cerrado based on traditional knowledge handed down from generation to generation, and using various resources such as: home remedies with herbal, dietary, bathing, blessings, natural birth, prayers, counseling, application of clay, among others.
One strategy for safeguarding the cultural practice of traditional medicine, developed by the Joint Pacari, was the collective creation of a sui generis system of registration of traditional knowledge on sustainable use of Cerrado biodiversity. The result of this survey to record the traditional knowledge of local communities of Cerrado was the publication of the book, entitled Pharmacopoeia of the People's Cerrado.
The research methodology is an application for registration of traditional knowledge about the use of biodiversity, with the researchers themselves connoisseurs, with a view to ensuring the collective rights of communities over their knowledge and territories, and that this registration system is a milestone audits of local communities to influence public policies related to social, environmental and cultural heritage under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the National Program of Intangible Heritage.
Capacity building of community representatives, policy coordination and the framework for technical advice Articulation Pacari on protection of traditional knowledge and intangible cultural heritage, has also developed workshops and meetings for the celebration of the crafts. The workshops on traditional knowledge and benefit sharing have been undertaken in partnership with the Department of Genetic Heritage of the Ministry of Environment. The celebration of the crafts of healing, in meetings such as the Meeting of midwives, healers and healers of Savannah, in its fourth edition has a presentation with Ms Ana Gita Oliveira, the Director of the Department of Intangible Heritage of Institute of Historical and Artistic Heritage (IPHAN), on Register of Cultural IntangibleHeritage, which was established by Decree 3551 of August 4, 2000.
The Pharmacopoeia People's Cerrado has been accredited by the IVth Meeting of Midwives Quacks and Healers of the Cerrado, held in the City of Goiás / GO, in 2004, and later was presented to the Institute of Historical and Artistic Heritage (IPHAN) to be registered as a Intangible Cultural Heritage.
The Articulation Pacari part in several political events as an area of skills training in public policy related to culture, environment and community health:
Participate in National Policy on Herbal and Medicinal Plants as a full member of the National Medicinal Plants and Herbal Medicines, representing the Cerrado;
Participate in National Policy for Sustainable Development of Traditional Peoples and Communities, an alternate member of Rede Cerrado;
Follow the Brazilian legislation on Access to Associated Traditional Knowledge, Genetic Heritage and Benefit Sharing (Provisional 2.186-16/2001, the Board of Management of Genetic Heritage (CGEN), and held training workshops on the theme of protection of traditional knowledge and benefit sharing in partnership with the Department of Genetic Heritage of the Ministry of Environment.
Continuing the process of capacity building on implementation of Article 8j of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), regarding the sustainable use of biodiversity and protection of associated traditional knowledge, local community representatives, members of the Joint Pacari part of the Conference of Parties the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP), and participated at COP 8 and COP 10, with the Brazilian delegation.
develops actions for safeguarding intangible cultural heritage in the context of the Institute for National Artistic and Historical Heritage (IPHAN) of the Ministry of Culture;
Develop community enterprise projects and outreach to community groups and extractive agroextractivists of Savannah, in partnership with the Department of Family Agriculture of the Ministry of Agrarian Development.
Performs extension courses for local communities on Good Management Practices for Medicinal Plants and Preparation of Home Remedies, in partnership with the Catholic University of Goias and the Federal University of Minas Gerais.
The cultural and environmental diversity of the peoples of the Cerrado is a rich natural heritage with which the Articulação Pacari builds on the work of sustainable use of biodiversity, recovery of folk medicine and actions for safeguarding intangible cultural heritage:
Safeguard actions such as meetings of Midwives, Herb popular doctor and Healers of Cerrado, made by the Articulação Pacari, provide identification and recovery of healers and herb doctors, healers and midwives, living treasures, and holders of letters of healing in the practice of traditional medicine, and the transmission traditional knowledge associated with the use of medicinal plants for future generations.
Participates in the project "Ofício de Raizeiras e Raizeiros do Cerrado: preliminary survey" is a initiative of Articulação Pacari,in partnership with NGO A Casa Verde and the support of the Institute of Historical and Artistic Heritage (IPHAN). The objective is to understand the reality of this craft, that is, as raizeiras raizeiros and learn to manage and make use of medicinal plants; what they think and feel about their healing practices, the role of prayer; as made the preparation of medicines; which are the main challenges today to continue the job, among other things.
Research on traditional knowledge associated with the use and management of medicinal plants of the Cerrado, developed by the Articulação Pacari resulted in the publication of "Pharmacopoeia of People's Cerrado", considered as a sui generis system of registration of traditional knowledge. This research methodology adopted as the dialogue of knowledge between scientific knowledge and traditional knowledge about the use of Cerrado biodiversity.
Under the CBD, the Pharmacopoeia of the People's Cerrado should be considered a framework for implementation of Article 8j, as an initiative to protect knowledge, innovations and practices of local communities.
In the context of the National Plan for the Promotion of Productive Chains socio-biodiversity, the Articulation Pacari community enterprise carries out projects to generate jobs and income, with the priority inclusion of women. One example is the Project Management Network, supported by the Secretariat for Family Agriculture of the Ministry of Agrarian Development, developing the production chain of vegetable oil from a palm tree native of Savannah, with product development phytocosmetic by a women's association, the Association of Ipês, located in the municipality of Buriti Goiás, state of Goiás.
Rua Pamplona 1005, 4 andar.
Tel.: 55+11 30828681
Year of creation: 2002
- traditional craftsmanship
- promotion, enhancement
Artesanato Solidário/ArteSol’s mission is to generate work and income in underprivileged locations in Brazil through the valorization of traditional arts and crafts. Besides generating income and a better standard of life for a portion of the population, artisanal creation, which was previously not very profitable and almost abandoned, is revitalized and passed on to younger generations, thereby sponsoring continuity of this knowledge.
The passing on of the artisanal technique by the master artisan is one of the mainstays of the field projects developed by Artesanato Solidário/ArteSol, who among other objectives target increasing the number of artisans that dominate the region’s traditional arts and crafts.
Throughout the project, these artisans hold workshops addressing the importance of artisanal activity and its insertion in Brazilian culture. Through these workshops, artisans begin to understand the value of their activity, thereby feeling valorized for their commanding of this know-how and also becoming sponsors of Brazilian arts and crafts.
All projects concluded are divulged in the press and in the institution’s website, besides the distribution of their catalogs throughout Artesanato Solidário/ArteSol’s communication network.
Artesanato Solidário/ArteSol’s objective is to promote and divulge traditional know-how. At the end of each project, the group of artisans receives a catalog telling a little about their history, their region, their work with Artesanato Solidário/ArteSol and their products. This material is a record of the group's activities and a tool for divulging their work.
Exhibitions are periodically held at Artesanato Solidário/ArteSol’s head offices displaying products developed through its projects. These exhibitions are visited by clients, researchers, students, guests and general public. Last year, Artesanato Solidário/ArteSol’s head offices received approximately 1,000 visitors.
Since 2008, Artesanato Solidário/ArteSol has also become a Pontão de Cultura, as part of the Ministry of Culture’s Cultural Projects and Programs Department’s network. As a Pontão, its objective is to build a network between Points of Culture and associations that work with arts and crafts to exchange experiences and divulge Brazilian culture.
Over more than a decade of activities, Artesanato Solidário/ArteSol has developed and perfected its own social technology, which provides direction for the design of field projects. ArteSol’s social technology involves different qualification actions and works in several dimensions, which are always applied in all locations. These actions address the following issues: citizenship, nonmaterial heritage and local identity; organization and management of collective labor; pricing of arts and crafts products, and product improvement and development. The project also aims to expand channels for divulging and commercializing arts and crafts through the creation of brand names, labels and a catalog of the group's products, among other support actions.
Since its creation and through its own conception and objectives, Artesanato Solidário/ArteSol has been involved in preservation activities of cultural assets. Through its projects, Artesanato Solidário/ArteSol invests in the improvement and development of traditional arts and crafts, ensuring the continuity of artisanal techniques, the passing down of this know-how to other people and disclosure within the local community and other regions of Brazil and the world.
Several field projects carried out by Artesanato Solidário/ArteSol were developed together with artisans whose trades have been registered as Brazilian nonmaterial heritage. Examples of these are the Paneleiras de Goiabeiras/Espírito Santo, Confecção da viola-de-cocho in Corumbá and Ladário/Mato Grosso, Bonecas do Quilombo da Fazenda São José da Serra/Rio de Janeiro, Renda Irlandesa de Divina Pastora/Sergipe, among others.
Projects developed by Artesanato Solidário/ArteSol greatly contribute to the registration of this heritage, being that these activities strengthen, divulge and stimulate the continuity of traditional arts and crafts. After having been registered as Brazilian nonmaterial heritage, Artesanato Solidário/ArteSol’s activities contribute towards the safeguarding of traditional arts and crafts.
The last project is an example of this commitment, “O ofício das ceramistas de Coqueiros” (The ceramics craftsman of Coqueiros city), concluded in April 2009 and carried out in partnership with the Monumenta Program of the National Artistic and Historic Heritage Institute (IPHAN), of the Ministry of Culture, with funding from the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB). With the objective of carrying out qualification activities, pro memoria documentation activities and the publication of a book, the project took place in the Coqueiros district in the Maragogipe municipality in the state of Bahia, and lasted nine months.
During this project, a workshop was held with ceramists from Coqueiros, heritage education workshops with elementary education teachers in the cities of Maragogipe and São Felix, pro memoria documentation activities (individual and group) and the preparation and distribution of the book containing the set of materials resulting from the documentation activities.
This project provided considerable notoriety to the ceramist trade in the district of Coqueiros. Elementary teachers in the cities of Maragogipe and São Felix participated in the heritage education workshops addressing the region's heritage, furthering their knowledge about the issue and turning them into agents to spread this knowledge. The book produced based on artisan depositions was distributed to public universities and public schools in the Coqueiros region, cultural institutes, museums and public libraries, as well as researchers and Artesanato Solidário/ArteSol partners and through requests submitted by the general public.
In carrying out projects, administrative and commercial activities, Artesanato Solidário/ArteSol counts on a multidisciplinary and decentralized technical team in the following areas: Field project development and monitoring, communication, fair trade and administration, as well as executive coordination. In order to implement field projects, ArteSol also banks on teams that include regional consultants and local agents.
Through its own conception, Artesanato Solidário/ArteSol’s team is constantly involved in activities related to the preservation of cultural assets. Included amongst Artesanato Solidário/ArteSol’s collaborators are researchers, third sector professionals, designers, art-educators, anthropologists, historians, administrators, sociologists and architects. Artesanato Solidário/ArteSol’s counts on professionals with over 10 years of experience in the area.
Artesanato Solidário/ArteSol partners are representatives of different areas of civil society. They are museum and cultural institution directors, anthropologists, teachers, business people, journalists, artists, architects, sociologists, lawyers and administrators.
Artesanato Solidário/ArteSol carries out activities in three dimensions: projects that generate income through the valorization of traditional arts and crafts; commercialization of products made by the project groups; and Pontão de Cultura. These three areas are involved in the preservation of cultural assets.
The investment in rescuing and valuing traditional arts and crafts is permanent. Various groups of artisans with which ArteSol has developed projects, have had their activities registered as nonmaterial Brazilian assets. This strengthens ArteSol’s concern and intentions with regards to Brazil's nonmaterial heritage.
All projects developed by Artesanato Solidário/ArteSol valorize, publicize and contribute to Brazil’s nonmaterial heritage, whether already the object of study or in initiating research and publicizing the artisanal activity.
Before being registered as nonmaterial heritage by the Brazilian Institute of Cultural and Artistic Heritage (IPHAN), Artesanato Solidário/ArteSol developed projects in the municipality of Corumbá and Ladário/Mato Grosso with the confecção da viola-de-cocho, and in the municipality of Divina Pastora/Sergipe with the renda irlandesa. In these projects, pursuant to the institution’s principles, ArteSol contributed to organize the group of artisans, improving production and passing on the artisanal technique. The organizing of this activity contributed to its eventual registration and inventory as nonmaterial heritage.
Besides these examples, ArteSol has developed projects with artisans whose artisanal techniques were recorded and inserted in IPHAN’s National Inventory of Cultural References. Examples of these are the production of cuias in Santarém/ Pará; Rio Real ceramics in the state of Bahia and the Candeal ceramics in the state of Minas Gerais.
In 2008, Artesanato Solidário/ArteSol also became a Pontão de Cultura. Its activities include exhibitions held at Artesanato Solidário/ArteSol’s head offices showing products produced by groups formed through its incentive. These exhibitions receive approximately 100 visitors a month, are divulged in the media and contribute to promoting and valorizing Brazilian culture.
The Pontão de Cultura also organizes monitored visits with teachers and students from the public school network in São Paulo. During such visits, participants undergo heritage education activities, getting to know more about Brazilian grassroots culture and becoming agents for multiplying this knowledge.
|Associação dos Amigos da Arte Popular Brasileira/ Museu Casa do Pontal|
Association of Friends of Brazilian Folk Art / Casa do Pontal Museum
Rua Álvaro Alvim, 27, 11 andar, sala 113-Centro
Rio de Janeiro-RJ
Tel.: (+55) 21 2245-2717/2558-2023. (+55) 21 2490-3278 / 2490-4013
Year of creation: 1990
- performing arts
- identification, documentation,
research (including inventory-making)
The Association of Friends of Brazilian Folk Art represents the Casa do Pontal Museum, the largest and most important museum of folk art in Brazil. The museum has a collection of more than 8000 works of artists from throughout Brazil. The mission of the museum is to preserve the memory and to recognize and appreciate Brazilian Folk Art through its research, education and conservation activities, and by showing its collection as widely as possible.
The understanding of folk art in Brazil has taken us to a vast number of areas: from the music of the song books to talent shows and performances; from cheap pamphlets to handicrafts; from local festivals to folklore; from theater to street games, from art to artisans. Works that reveal important features of the culture in which they emerge.
The goal of the research work at the Casa do Pontal Museum is to add to the knowledge of folk art and to recognize and appreciate its historical and cultural importance by dedicating its efforts to research about the collection, the artists, about rural and urban cultural themes in Brazil and economic characteristics represented in the field of Brazilian Folk Art. Research starts with the works in the collection and moves to the symbolic universe in which this production is contained, and, at the same time, to which it takes us. It is equally concerned with the communities in which the artistic production takes place in the context of a tradition of knowledge and practical experience, and with the artists who are known for the uniqueness of their work. The research sector is also dedicated to the understanding of the projects of recollection and social function of the activities represented in the collection. In addition, it carries out activities to help understand the social-historical context in which folk artists arises.
This research forms the basis for the work of bringing folk art to public attention, through educational activities (educational tours of the collection, seminars and workshops for the continuing education of teachers and social workers) as well as through cultural activities (publications and exhibits).
Identification, documentation and research
Currently, but the principle research project of the institution is called “Pathways of Folk Art” supported by FINEP, an agency of the Ministry of Science and Technology, BR, that deals with the process of the spread of artistic skills in traditional communities in the states of Inas Gerais, Pernambuco and Ceará. The results of the research projects include the safekeeping, encouragement and diffusion of the cultural and artistic heritage of these communities through publications and exhibits. The Museum maintains a site “Brazilian Folk Art” on the Internet (www.popular.art.br) with priorities and references for artists, themes and locations related to partisanship and folk art. In 2002, we published “The World of Brazilian Folk Art”, which has become a reference work in the field.
The care and preservation of the collection is one of the missions of the Casa do Pontal Museum. With a collection containing more than 8000 works, made from various kinds of materials, the works – most of which were produced more than four decades ago -- are thoroughly cleaned, treated for pests, meticulously restored. This painstaking work is necessary because most of these works were made with poor quality organic materials that deteriorate quickly. This has required the institution to develop techniques in this area. Our expertise has been recognized by UNESCO which requested the institution to publish “Notes on the Conservation and Restoration Of Brazilian Folk Art”, (2008), available at:
Despite its cultural and tourism potential, Brazilian Folk Art is not widely known. There are artists in every state that testify to the vitality of folk art production – marked by tradition and constant renewal - recognized as an expression of Brazilian culture. The Museum is dedicated to exhibiting Brazilian folk art throughout the world and has already held 40 exhibits in 14 countries.
Transmission, Formal or Non-Formal Education
In the Educational and Social Program has been developing, since 1996, with the goals of disseminating information about folk art and providing access to the collection. The Program consists of: (i) animated tours of the permanent exhibit at the Museum, for students and participants in social programs; (ii) workshops on popular manifestations, presented by artists and researchers in the area. Since its inception, more than 200,000 visitors have participated. In 2008, it was awarded Honorable Mention of the We Are the Heritage Award, (Andrés Bello International Agreement), and Honorable Mention for the Darcy Ribeiro Award for Educational Activities In Museums (IPHAN).
Members of the Organization
Angela Mascelani (Museum Director Cassa do Pontal Museum, 2004-to date) – PhD Cultural Anthropology, IFCS, 2000, Masters in Visual Anthropology EBA (1996) both from the Federal University of Rio De Janeiro. From 1996-2004 contributed to the creation and implementation of a new model for institutional management. Participated in and directed various research projects in cultural heritage with financing from CAPES, UNESCO, FINEP, FAPERJ and others: the Commerce in Artisanship in MG (FINEP, 2004-2008). Curator of the Brazil exhibits in France, Belgium, Argentina, India. Author of "O mundo da Arte Popular Brasileira" (2002), and "Caminhos da Arte Popular: o Vale do Jequitinhonha" (2009). Member of the ABA (Brazilian Anthropology Association), and the Heritage Education Laboratory and the NUPEC – Nucleus For Research And Studies of Cultural History/UFF.
Lucas Van de Breque, (Head of projects for institutional development) – Masters in Production Engineering from COPPE UFRJ, research in the area of Museum management. Undergraduate degree in economics, from the Economics Institute/UFRJ,, research in “Economics of Culture”, with focus on Museums. Participated in the Management of, and Photographer for, Caminhos da Arte Popular: o Vale do Jequitinhonha ( 2004 --2009), activities for the appreciation and social inclusion of communities that produce Artisanship and Brazilian Folk Art of the Vale do Jequitinhonha, MG, and participated in a publication of the book Caminhos da Arte Popular: o Vale do Jequitinhonha (2009).
Joana Corrêa (Head of projects for institutional development)—specialist in Cultural Management, research in National Program for Cultural Heritage. Co-author of Museu Vivo do Fandango (2006) and organizer of the Book-CD “Na Ponta do Verso: Poesia de improviso no Brazil”(2008). Coordinated courses on the preparation and management of cultural projects for traditional communities participating in the Plan for Safeguarding The Jongo Of the Southeast with links to the Fandango Caiçara on the Coast of the South and Southeast. The Museu Vivo do Fandango project, which she coordinated, involving research and encouragement of manifestations of the Caiçaras on the South and Southeast Coast of Brazil, was indicated by the Consulting Counsel Of Cultural Heritage Of Brazil to UNESCO in 2009 as an example of relevant experience in safeguarding cultural heritage.
Flora Moana Van de Breque (researcher) – Masters degree in Sociology and Anthropology from UFRJ. Research in the area of cultural heritage (Cazumba in Maranhão). Undergraduate degree in social sciences from UFRJ (2007). Participated in the research project Caminhos da Arte Popular: o Vale do Jequitinhonha.
To register and spread practices related to the creation of folk art and traditional artisanship, contributing to the appreciation of its multigenerational heritage. The project uses an anthropological and participatory approach, emphasizing two perspectives: the appreciation of what is being done and the recognition of those who do it. The Educational, Social and Research Program connects with the artisans and artists at one end of the process and transmits and creates a new audience at the other. It provides benefits to public schools, social programs for low-income communities through educational activities, where many of the participants enter into contact with Brazilian folk art for the first time. They began to see the artists and artisans as cultural producers, individuals with their own unique characteristics, whose production should be respected and supported. It promotes the appreciation of artistic and cultural production for groups as well as individuals, as they embody a heritage of generations. This involves a deep and thorough research effort, with a strong anthropological bias, and emphasizes and respects the activities of local authors, an appreciation of excluded groups and cultural values that are passed on orally and of interest to the participants. The emphasis is on participation, and brings into play those who have the knowledge passed on by their ancestors. Because it is based on the content and thematic scope of the collection that is on exhibit, that covers the production of sculptures and three-dimensional objects made by lower income populations, connections and correlations with history, art, folklore and Brazilian culture are established.
The training of educators and socio-cultural managers is included in this process and is an instrument to assist in the appreciation of producing communities. This takes place through workshops and seminars, and includes all the seminars held with the presence of artists and/or artisans who contribute actively to the permanent work of dissemination performed by the institution. The methodology used is participatory in nature, and the participants are essential interlocutors in the process of a collective construction of the knowledge that is reproduced.
|Associação Nacional de Ação Indigenista - Anaí|
National Association for Indigenous Affairs
Rua das Laranjeiras, n.26,
1º andar, Pelourinho
Year of creation: 1979
- oral traditions and expressions
- identification, documentation,
research (including inventory-making)
To promote and respect cultural, political and economical autonomy of indigenous peoples and their rights to self-determination; to stablish political alliances with indigenous peoples in their struggle for land recovery and the exclusive use of the natural resources within their territories; to monitor, in a critical, purposeful and independent way, governmental guidelines and policies concerning indigenous affairs; to inform national and international public opinions about the social situation, struggles and rights of indigenous peoples; to advance the protection of indigenous lands, their natural heritage and ecosystems; to promote, in partnership with indigenous peoples, the constitution and consolidation of autonomous and specific educational and health systems; to stimulate and promote research activities and scientific and cultural informations on indigenous issues.
By promoting actions that improve the autonomy and self-determination of indigenous peoples, Anaí contributes to preserve and disseminate their intangible cultural heritage. Through the consolidation of the indigenous educational system, traditional knowledge, as rituals and native languages, as also as specific learning processes, are revitalized and valued. The development of research activities enables the identification and characterization of sociocultural practices, as well as their reproduction and transformation over the years. Since its foundation, documents produced by Anaí – publications, institutional documents, videos and photos – compose an archive opened to public consultation, which is an important resource for the preservation and difusion of indigenous sociocultural heritage.
For over thirty years Anaí has been dedicated to defending and promoting the rights of indigenous peoples to self-determination and cultural values, and more broadly to the recognition and respect the sociocultural diversity of Brazil. Through different kinds of activities, concerning education, health, environment, sustainability and culture, in cooperation with indigenous peoples and their associations, it has been promoting the safeguard of their intangible cultural heritage. During three decades the consolidation and conservation of a documental archive has been a very important action, gathering a valuable and diverse testimony of the history and memory of indigenous social and cultural movements in the Northeast-East region of Brazil. It's worthy to remember that this region, composed by the states of Piauí, Ceará, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Alagoas, Sergipe, Bahia, Minas Gerais e Espírito Santo, it's the oldest colonization area of Brazil. Thereby the indigenous populations settled in these territories suffered with a violent colonial process; some ethnic groups disappeared and others had their identities denied over centuries. When Anaí began its work, there were in this region only 14 recognized ethnic groups by brazilian state with a population of approximately 15.000 people altogether. Nowadays there are more than 60 recognized ethnic groups with a total population of more than 150.000. The intense struggle for ethnic recognition and promotion of indigenous cultural and social rights was supported by Anaí, which has been providing qualified information to monitor governmental guidelines and policies.
Since 2009 Anaí is developing an specific project to preserve, expand and publicize its archive. Almost one thousand documents were scanned and organized in a database which in a few months will be available to public consultation through the Internet. More than one hundred academic thesis in Anthropology, History, Education, Linguistic and other disciplines concerning indigenous peoples from all states of the Northeast-East region of Brazil were listed by our researchers and have been collected in their digital format. With the formal agreement of their authors, they have also been organized in our database. The project also provides financial resources for the acquisition of 100 documentary and ethnographic videos and 200 books related to indigenous affairs, which will significantly increase and diversify the collection. Amongst these multiple kinds of documents there are works made by indians themselves, and many of them were developed within cultural projects assisted by Anaí.
Along the years many projects promoted by Anaí in partnership with indigenous and governamental institutions were extremely important to safeguard intangible cultural heritage. Since 2007, in partnership with the Ministry of Agrarian Development and the Tupinambá commmunity of Serra do Padeiro village, in Bahia, Anaí has been developing an agroecological project which aims to promote and revitalize traditional cultural practices concerning the management of land and its fauna and flora resources. Similar projects were developed in cooperation with the Kiriri people, also in Bahia (2005), and the Tupiniquim and Guarani, in the state of Espírito Santo (2009-2010). For the last four years, in partnership with indigenous associations, an italian association and the Federal University of Minas Gerais, Anaí is supporting the conception, construction and development of the Center for Xakriabá Culture, in Minas Gerais. Every year Anaí promotes cultural and political events to celebrate the Indian Day (April 19th) and to inform regional society about indigenous issues.
Anaí supported many documentary videos and films about the cultures and histories of indigenous peoples of Brazil, as for example "Meu Povo Conta", about the Kapinawá people, in Pernambuco (2006), and "Carnets du Brésil", a Franco-German production about brazilian colonization from the point of view of today's indigenous groups. Since 1984 Anaí has promoted the publication of informative materials to indigenous and non-indigenous schools. In 2007, in partnership with the Ministry of Education and indigenous school teachers, it produced three books that were produced and distributed in indigenous schools: "Mangute e Goya Pataxó", "Uma História de Resistência Pataxó" and "Memória Viva dos Tupinambá".
Currently, Anaí has 49 members, with different academic backgrounds (Anthropology, History, Law, Linguistic and Ethnomusicology). Many of them are recognized researchers and university teachers, whose academic works help to preserve and publicize indigenous cultures and histories, and have a large experience in health, human rights, sustainability, environmental and educational issues. Anaí's organizational structure is composed by a Board of Directors and an Audit Committee with five members each, and there are two employed professionals: one Executive Coordinator and one administrative support.
All activities promoted by Anaí are developed in cooperation with indigenous peoples and their associations, in order to guarantee their self-determination. Its projects are conceived according to their demands and in permanent dialogue among Anaí's professionals and communities involved. Moreover, members of these communities directly participate in their implementation. In the agroecological projects mentioned above, for example, indians themselves work as local monitors, and the activities are supported by the communities. Anaí promotes intercultural exchange through the coolaboration of indigenous teachers in the conception and execution of educational activities for non-indians.
On the other hand, the support given by Anaí to governmental and non-governmental institutions aim to promote and respect brazilian sociocultural diversity recognition in the conception and implementation of public policies. Since its foundation, Anaí has also been supporting the participation of indigenous leaders in government posts.
Furthermore, successively more events and projects have been developed by the indigenous communities themselves, and because of its institutional history Anaí is usually invited to collaborate with these initiatives.
|Centro de Trabalho Indigenista - CTI|
CLN 210 -
Bolco C, Sala 217 -
Brasilia - DF - CEP 70862-530
Tel.: +55 (61) 3349.7769
Year of creation: 1979
- oral traditions and expressions
- identification, documentation,
research (including inventory-making)
Our aim is to work alongside with indigenous groups so that they can assume effective
control over all interventions that occur in their territories, informing them about the
Brasilian State's role in the protection and guarantee of the indigenous peoples'
constitutional rights. The Centro de Trabalho lndigenista has as its mission and identity
trait the direct support that we offer to the indigenous groups with which we work,
assisting them with the resources and technical support that they need to accomplish
greater political and economic autonomy, always respecting the sociocultural universe
pertaining to each indigenous community. In other words, the projects developed by the
Centro de Trabalho lndigenistas are projects in which the indigenous peoples involved
are coauthors and collaborators and in which their traditional knowledge and practices
are respected and affirmed.
Our main objectives are:
- The promotion and circulation of community-organized projects in the areas of
agriculture, education, health and culture;
- Development of actions which contribute with the legal recognition of lands
traditionally occupied by indigenous people;
- Preservation and protection of the natural environment of the indigenous lands;
- Development of actions that promote and enhance the transmission of the indigenous
peoples' traditional knowledge and practices;
- Production of audio-visual material with the indigenous groups so that they may
circulate and preserve their traditional knowledge and practices;
- Promotion of occasions in which the indigenous groups may exchange experiences
and information with other communities, research centers and organizations;.
The Centro de Trabalho Indigenista works with the promotion and protection of
indigenous peoples' rights. These include territory, health, education and cultural rights.
We understand that these domains are not segregated, eventhough the Brazilian State
frequently separates them in different policies and agencies. Therefore, in working with
the indigenous for the recognition of their land and the preservation of its natural
resources, we are better able to work towards the promotion, transmission and
protection of their cultural heritage. We have aquired experience in the domain of
intangible cultural heritage, working with various indigenous groups over the last thirty
years. Currently, we are working with the Guarani people in a large project of register
and safe-guard of their intangible heritage. The project is developled in cooperation with
the Brazilian official agency responsible for intangible state policies (Insituto do
Patrimonio Hist6rico e Artistico Nacional) and the Spanish International Cooperation
Agency (AECI). We are researching vast documentation concerning the Guarani in all
public archives in the south and southeast regions of Brazil, aiming at producing the
most complete reference material available, so that the indigenous people, researchers,
government workers and policy makers and other people interested in learning more
about the Guarani and their culture or in promoting actions in colaboration with the
Guarani can have access to this information. This reference material includes, books,
reports, academic research, maps, fotographs, and audio visual registers from the
nineteenth century to present day. We are also working with the Guarani to identify the
aspects of their intangible heritage which they endeavor to preserve, protect and
transmit to future generations and are creating the means for this to be accomplished in
a long-term plan. This endeavor to affirm Guarani culture also includes the awareness of
the non-indigenous people who surround their communities and non-indigenous society
in general. Through the production of materials which contribute with this awareness, we
are hoping to promote better relations and understanding among these groups.
The Centro de Trabalho Indigensita has worked with indigenous communities for the last
thirty years. We have worked in collaboration with the members of various indigenous
groups, so that the indigenous may assume greater control over interventions that affect
their communities and gain greater political and economic autonomy. We recognize that
for this to be accomplished it is necessary that the indigenous have a good understanding of their rights and the means by which they can guarantee respect for
these rights. On the other hand, it is of fundamental importance that we acknowledge
each indigenous group's specific forms of political, social and cultural organization and
help governmental and non-governmental agents to better understand these forms and
respect them. In recognizing these aspects, we are able to develop more effective
actions, in which the indigenous people are protagonists.