"Each part of the world recapitulates, shares in and experiences the history of the world as a whole"
Fernand Braudel


14th-15th century AD

During the Middle Ages, the regions of Europe underwent commercial and financial re-organizations, with the most important commercial centers emerging in the Italian republics of Venice, Genoa and Pisa. These republics were able to organize trade with the countries of the east Mediterranean thanks to their extensive capital investment and to their strategic location, making contact with islands of the sea like Cyprus, Rhodes and Malta, and bridging connections towards Bilad al-Sham and Egypt. Italian traders even lived in the cities of Egypt and Bilad al-Sham, forming commercial centers for purchasing and selling.

This painted ceramic bowl shows a figure of a man with European dress and European facial features.
It is a fine item, ornamented with incised geometrical and floral decorations, painted in green and mustard colors on a beige surface.

It was found in Damascus but it was imported from Europe in about the 15th century AD and it is an indicator of the changes in commercial exchange happening at that time.

see also