Part of a manuscript of the Holy Koran
This part of a manuscript represents the first chapter of the Holy Koran. The frontispiece – first two pages - is abundantly ornamented with stylized floral and geometrical decorations executed with different colors on a golden bed. The texts are written with black ink, while the vocalization and diacritical marks are written in red ink. The sequential pauses numbering the verses are executed as small flowers with different colors and golden forms.
This kind of decoration is a specialty of the Turkish artistic school. There are also other schools of art in the Islamic cultural expressions, such as the Persian and the Indian, and each has its own decoration style.