En 1975, el gobierno colombiano ha lanzó un programa titulado "Escuela Nueva" que
tiene por objetivo luchar contra las altas tasas de deserción y la mala calidad de
la enseñanza en las escuelas tradicionales. La metodología, activa y flexible, se
basa no solamente en los conocimientos académicos, sino también en la imagen positiva
que los niños tienen de sí mismos, en la cooperación y la solidaridad. Para reforzar
los lazos con la comunidad, el programa tiene en cuenta las necesidades específicas
de los niños campesinos, permitiéndoles ausentarse durante
los períodos de cosechas.
The "New School" programme was launched by the Government of Colombia in 1975 to counter high
drop-out rates and low quality of education in traditional schools. An active, flexible
methodology is applied, concentrating not only on academic knowledge, but also on the
pupil's self esteem, co-operation and solidarity. Aiming at strengthening links with the
community, the programme takes into account the specific needs of peasant children,
allowing for absences, i.e., during harvest time.
(community participation; dropout rate; educational programmes; educational quality; rural areas)
1989, Spanish, English, 17', VHS/PAL
Many of the "ezbah" or hamlets of Upper Egypt have few key services. Schools are far away
and parents hesitate before letting their children, particularly girls, walk long distances
alone. In 1992, UNICEF and the Government of Egypt began to set up Community Schools.
Now over a thousand children, mostly girls, are enrolled in these schools which are in the
community, run by the community and facilitators are young women from the area. The film
retraces the history of the project from its beginnings and analyses the innovative aspects
of this venture which has turned into a movement of empowerment and education.
(community schools; basic education; girls education; women teachers)
Producer: UNICEF; UNESCO
1993, English, 20', VHS/PAL/SECAM/NTSC
Koloni Boundi: A day in a Malian Village
Everyday life in the village of Koloni Boundio where Save the Children has been active since 1987.
The village school, opened in 1991 which functions with a strong community ownership is presented
as are the StC's other activities.
(community participation; community schools; children)
Producer: Save the Children (USA)
1994, English, 16', VHS/PAL
Azimuths: Programme 30
(1) "Tanzania: SPF66". The mosquito, the Malaria parasite carrier, is a scourge in Tanzania.
This documentary describes the efforts of staff at the Ifakara Centre in Tanzania to test
the first vaccine - SPF66 - ever to have been produced. (2) "Vietnam: Death by Black Water".
Vietnam has a growing problem of regularly injecting drug users. Drug users do not own their
own needles, so drug dealers inject "Black Water", possibly using the same syringe for more
than 20 people, increasing the risk of HIV infection. Save the Children, UK, WHO and UNDP
join forces in a prevention campaign against the spread of AIDS and drug use, specifically
aimed at children. (3) "Egypt: Children of the Nile". Egypt has a very high demographic
growth rate. This documentary shows the efforts of the State to promote family planning, using
televised cartoon information campaigns to promote its birth control message.
(community participation; health education; drug abuse; preventive education; children; international cooperation; population education; family planning)
||Country: Tanzania/Viet Nam/Egypt
Producer: WHO, Geneva
1994, English, 20, VHS/PAL
Nineteen Ninety Four
"Bocabadart", a family play activity inspired by a contemporary sculptor; "leader programme",
an experience in sustainable development being carried out on Minorca; "AIDS - knowing helps",
a multidisciplinary tool to bring about changes in attitudes to AIDS (see ); "chaos" an
exhibition organized jointly by the Hague Museum, the Palais de la Découverte and the
Barcelona Science Museum demonstrating the unpredictability of physical processes; "multimedia
library" a reference centre open to all containing data on the latest technological supports.
These are just five of "La Caixa" Foundation's activities in 1994. A short presentation of the
Foundation explains how it works, its objective being to provide information and access to
knowledge, foster community development and improve quality of life from cultural, educational,
health and environmental standpoints.
(community participation; family; AIDS; science; health education; culture; environment)
Producer: Fundació "La Caixa", Barcelona
1994, English, 20', VHS/SECAM
"Sé Banw Yé"
Examples of how literacy has contributed to dynamic socio-economic development in rural
areas of Burkina Faso and Mali which is leading to the development of "learning societies".
In the areas concerned the population is involved in individual and collective income
generation activities providing them with power of action and an efficient means of
becoming responsible for the improvement of their own living conditions.
Comment l'alphabétisation a contribué à un développement socio-économique dynamique
dans des zones rurales du Burkina Faso et du Mali qui a conduit au développement
des "sociétés d'apprentissage". Dans les zones concernées la population participe
à des activités individuelles et collectives génératrices de revenus, lui donnant
ainsi le pouvoir d'agir et un moyen efficace de devenir responsable de l'amélioration
de ses conditions de vie.
(community education; iteracy; adult education; rural areas; lifelong education; children)
||Country: Mali/Burkina Faso
Producer: UNESCO/OPI; UNESCO/ED/BAS
1997, English, French, 13', VHS/PAL/SECAM