Worldwide Action in Education
SCIENTIFIC, TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION
Programme actions pursued in co-operation with other agencies and non-governmental organizations include, inter alia, the organization of regional and sub-regional training and development workshops for specialist groups, expanding the data bank of innovations in science and technology, including the use of informatics in science, technology and mathematics teaching, supporting the development of national task forces in science and technology education, and promoting greater participation by girls and women in school science programmes.
These activities are being backed up by strengthening networks for exchanges of curricula and resource materials for science and technology education, including informatics. The International Network for Information in Science and Technology Education (INISTE) continues to be used to strengthen co-operation among various associations and institutions, and is improving its services to Member States through its emphasis on information exchanges and development of data bases.
Science and Technology
Project 2000+ seeks to:
Project 2000+ is about effective learning. Old methods of putting forward facts are inadequate in the computer age. It is about educating for the future and about promoting human development, about relevant plus affordable science and technology. Project 2000+ is for all countries at all stages of development, regardless of different cultures and differing views on issues such as sustainable development, population control and the role of women.
Project 2000+ addresses six major areas of educational concern for scientific and technological literacy:
1. Its nature and justification;
2. Its relationship to development;
3. The teaching and learning environment;
4. Teacher and leadership education;
5. Assessment strategies and evaluation programmes;
6. Non-formal and informal development strategies.
Technical and vocational education is going through a period of intensive change and reorientation. A multiplicity of national models, forms and structures have emerged in an effort to cope with rapid technological advances and the changing needs of the labour market. Nevertheless, the need for closer collaboration between education and the world of work has yet to be fully recognized. Effective liaison with industry, agriculture and business enterprises should be further developed.
The application of new technologies by the world of work is a major challenge for the whole education system, and for technical and vocational education in particular. Curricula now emphasize multi-skilling, interfacing education and productive enterprises, entrepreneurship and continuing education. Further, courses on offer need to be adjusted frequently to cater for innovations and changes in work requirements.
UNESCO supports two International Research Studies: the ITEC project (Information Technology in Education of Children) focuses on the psychological and social consequences for children of the application of information technologies in education, while the USEIT project (Use in Systems of Education of Information Technologies) aims at creating a databank to assist Member States in decision-making and contribute to identifying country's needs.
A UNESCO seminar held in Moscow in 1991, promoted the development of a mechanism for European co-operation in connection with the introduction and application of IT in existing education systems and structures.
In an endeavour to introduce the teaching of informatics in science and in technical and vocational education at the secondary and post-secondary levels, regional training seminars are being organized and pilot projects implemented in the developing countries. Based on the experience gained, the book Education and Informatics Worldwide: The State of the Art and Beyond, looks at the current use of information technology in education, and reviews developments to date, basic strategies and applications, current limitations and the prospects for international co-operation.
INFORMAFRICA - the regional co-operation strategy aimed at developing computer use and introducing computer science into educational systems - is part of the Priority: Africa Programme.
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