The Second International Congress on Technical and Vocational Education was held by UNESCO in cooperation with the Government of the Republic of Korea in Seoul from 26-30 April 1999. Its objective was to provide UNESCO's Member States with a forum to discuss the renovation of national technical and vocational education (TVE) policy to address the employment and other socio-economic challenges of the early years of the twenty-first century. More than 700 representatives, 39 of whom were Ministers and Vice-Ministers of Education or Vocational Education, from 130 countries, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, foundations and industries met to determine how TVE should adapt to the technological developments and social phenomena likely to characterize this era. Their deliberations in plenary sessions, commissions and roundtables were crystallized into a set of recommendations entitled Technical and Vocational Education and Training: A Vision for the Twenty-first Century. These recommendations are presented in the following pages clustered under the six themes of the Congress. They are addressed primarily to the Director-General of UNESCO to enable him to design the Organization's programme actions in TVE for the year 2000 and beyond in line with the needs of its Member States. Nevertheless, they have equal relevance for national and institutional initiatives designed to revitalize TVE programmes for the next decade. The recommendations generated by the Second International Congress on Technical and Vocational Education are being distributed by UNESCO for the benefit of its Member States. National policy- and decision-makers are encouraged to use them as resource material in framing TVE policy and implementing programmes. This material maybe reproduced without restriction provided its source is acknowledged.