Technical and Vocational Education and Training:
A Vision for the Twenty-first Century
Recommendations to the Director-General of UNESCO

We, the participants in the Second International Congress on Technical and Vocational Education whose theme was Lifelong Learning and Training: A Bridge to the Future, meeting on the eve of a new century and millennium in Seoul, the capital of the Republic of Korea, a country that epitomizes the contribution of education to social and economic progress, have had the opportunity to work together in plenary sessions, commissions, round tables and forums, to contribute to a world vision and programme for technical and vocational education and training (TVET) for the first decade of the new millennium. We have considered the emerging challenges of the twenty-first century, a century that will be an era of knowledge, information and communication. Globalization and the revolution in information and communication technology have signalled the need for a new human-centred development paradigm. We have concluded that technical and vocational education (TVE), as an integral component of life-long learning, has a crucial role to play in this new era as an effective tool to realize the objectives of a culture of peace, environmentally sound sustainable development, social cohesion and international citizenship. Mindful of the opportunities that lie ahead of us and those which will progressively unfold, and cognizant of the policies, partnerships and resources needed to raise the status and broaden the traditional vision of Technical and Vocational Education, and recognizing the need for strengthened international partnerships particularly to address the needs of developing countries, we are forwarding the following recommendations to the Director-General of UNESCO and requesting him to submit them to the next session (30th) of the OrganizationŐs General Conference in view of its intention to launch a new global strategy for Technical and Vocational Education.