Enhancing International Cooperation in TVE


6.1 There is an urgent need for more financial and technical support from international agencies for education, and technical and vocational Education in particular, to allow TVE to contribute more significantly to economic and social development.

6.2 Further co-operation is encouraged between UNESCO and its international partners such as the ILO, The World Bank and the Regional Development Banks, OECD, the European Union and CEDEFOP, the European Training Foundation, ISESCO, the Commonwealth, La Francophonie etc. to enhance TVE, with UNESCO assuming a coordinating role through its comparative advantage in the various fields of education.

6.3 There should be increased cooperation between the North and the South, as well as between countries of the South, to renovate and sustain TVE systems including through research and development.

6.4 The needs of developing countries require specific recognition, particularly in areas such as investment in TVE, the provision of basic education including literacy and numeracy skills to facilitate access to TVE, the encouragement of ownership of TVE and the increase of their budget for TVE.

6.5 International financial authorities must recognize the contribution of education, and particularly TVE, to the maintenance of peace and stability and in preventing social dysfunction and should incorporate the support of TVE in their conditions for assistance to recipient countries.

6.6 UNESCO’s efforts to develop a strategy for TVE for the first decade of the twenty-first century are strongly supported. The UNEVOC network should be strengthened. Member States are encouraged to continue to underpin regional and national centres which are essential vehicles for the achievement of the new vision for TVE in the twenty-first century. The Congress strongly recommends that UNESCO increases significantly the budgetary allocation for its TVE programme activities to ensure the successful implementation of the new strategy. To encourage such a revitalization of TVE in the new century UNESCO should also consider the establishment of an international prize for innovation in TVE.

6.7 In the light of the new expanded vision for TVE, which has been endorsed at this Congress and which stresses the need for incorporating a new relationship between the various sectors of education and training, an holistic approach to the preparation for life and the world of work and increasingly seamless pathways in lifelong learning, the Congress recommends that the Director-General of UNESCO, in close collaboration with the ILO, develops a common concept of Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) to guide the UNESCO strategy for the twenty-first century.


All participants and observers at the Second International Congress on Technical and Vocational Education unanimously express their profound appreciation to the Government and the people of the Republic of Korea and to UNESCO for hosting and organizing this event which was a crucial milestone in the development of UNESCO’s new vision for the contribution of technical and vocational education and training to lifelong learning in the new millenium.