Global Co-ordination > Working Group on Education for All >
First meeting / Document 12

Achieving Education for All (EFA)
through Partnerships and Linkages
A presentation by the World Bank and UNDP

Six EFA Goals

  • Expanding and improving comprehensive early childhood care and education, especially for the most vulnerable and disadvantaged of children

  • Ensuring that all children with special emphasis on girls - including the poorest, working children and children with special needs - complete a good quality primary education by 2015

  • Ensuring that the learning needs of all young people are met through equitable access to learning and life skills programs

  • Providing equitable access to basic and continuing education programs for adults and achieving at least a 50% reduction in current gender disparities within a decade

  • Eliminating gender disparities in primary and secondary education by 2005, as a milestone towards achieving gender equality in education programs, institutions and systems by 2015

  • Improving all aspects of the quality of education so that recognized and measurable outcomes are achieved, especially in literacy, numeracy and essential life skills
  • EFA Key Lessons from the 90’s
  • political commitment is critical

  • quality is as important as quantity

  • governments can’t deliver alone

  • you need partnerships you need a sector policy framework

  • resource inefficiencies constrain progress

  • education needs to adapt to change

  • you need to cushion education in crises

  • you need a growing economy
  • Framework for Action (Dakar)

    “ the international community will deliver on this collective commitment by launching with immediate effect a global initiative aimed at developing the strategies and mobilizing the resources needed to provide effective support to national effort ”.

    Options to realize this include :
  • increasing external finance for education

  • ensuring greater predictability in the flow of external finance

  • facilitating more effective donor coordination

  • strengthening sector wide approaches

  • providing earlier, more extensive and broader debt relief and/or debt cancellation

  • undertaking more effective and regular monitoring of progress towards EFA goals and targets

  • plus giving priority to SSA, South Asia and LDCs
  • Framework for Action (para 10)

    “we affirm that no countries seriously committed to education for all will be thwarted in their achievement of this goal by lack of resources”

    Existing Initiatives

  • Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) (73 IDA countries)

  • Highly Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative (40 countries)

  • Comprehensive Development Framework (CDF - 12 Pilot countries)
  • PRSP Decision Tree for the Education Toolkit (not available)

    Country Commitment to EFA would be shown by :
  • a national EFA plan or its equivalent

  • appropriate deployment of debt relief

  • satisfactory budget allocations

  • efforts to use resources efficiently

  • efforts to reach the underserved
  • Partnerships: A World of Opportunities.... public / private investment (not available)

    Support to Countries could involve
  • developing cross sectoral policy frameworks

  • developing communication strategies

  • sharing ‘good’ practice

  • brokering financial deals

  • improving resource utilisation

  • targeting on key interventions and critical regions

  • building capacity for institutional assessment

  • supporting appropriate use of debt relief
  • WE NEED TO quickly reach agreement on :

  • a set of principles within which the global initiative will operate

  • the criteria by which countries can join the initiative

  • what constitutes a ‘national plan’

  • how to quickly mobilize extra financial resources and support once countries have a viable plan

  • how to put in place an objective, comparative evaluation and monitoring system so that regular, transparent reporting on progress, and subsequent policy dialogue and action, can take place.
  • Thank You