|Global Co-ordination > Working Group on Education for All >|
|First meeting / Document 4|
Arab Region Presentation
a landmark in education, the rhythm of Progress & development
will now be marked by the EFA 2000 Evaluation of Dakar.
Arab Region, our challenges are enormous, but also our opportunities
are enormous, the Arab Framework for Action has identified
the following major Problems:
Dr. Ali Fakhro
Bahrain Centre of Studies and Research
1. Early Childhood Education is still far below the required
2. Illiteracy yet prevails.
Education is still a privilege for a few.
4. Teachers' qualifications need improvement.
in internal efficiency at the primary level of the educational
between financial resources and educational requirements,
wastage or lack of rationalization of spending, weakness
in capital expenditure (investment), and weakness in budgeting
management of educational systems.
the other hand, the most important achievement in the Arab
States have been, Increase in primary education enrollment.
However nine countries still show a net enrollment rate of
82% and below.
exist, prospects for development exist, but they need good planning
and a stronger sustained political will and commitment.
called on countries to prepare their National EFA plans before
2002, but what are our priorities in the region? And how can
we meet our goals? What should be our leading principles in
Framework for Action has proposed five principles for all
actions which would help ensure the provision of basic learning
needs, in the Arab States.
principle of Comprehensiveness.
5. Keeping pace with Technological Advancements.
like here to take the opportunity to concentrate on two of
these principles namely
principle of comprehensiveness.
2. The principle of commitment.
calls for the need for the acknowledgement at all levels
and sectors of society that learning is the cornerstone to sustainable
human development. That learning must be holistic, open-ended
and aiming at social change and culture enrichment.
includes the commitment by all relevant bodies to renewed campaign
for resource mobilization at all levels, global and local, to
provide more innovative and equitable formulas to resolve the
problem of human and financial resources of countries and groups
in the greatest need.
cannot be achieved without the Commitment of all concerned.
During Dakar, Convenors, Donors, NGOs have all vowed their commitments
to the achievements of EFA goals. However, six months later,
this commitment was not translated into action at the regional
level. UNESCO Regional Office for Education in Beirut called
all convenors and regional partners for the first ARABEFA meeting.
The response was very poor! Why? Where were the regional representatives
of the convenors? Where were the regional organizations? Out
of 18 invited UN & regional organizations only 6 were present!!!
This sensitive issue will be addressed soon, for if we are serious
about commitments we have to translate this into action in the
field, at the regional level and at the country level. We call
on Convenors to strengthen their commitment at the regional
level, so that we can meet our goals and address the existing
complex problems which I listed earlier.
our forthcoming actions, the first ARABEFA meeting (Beirut
21 October, 2000), suggested the following actions:
An Action oriented executive summary of the Country Guidelines
in both English and Arabic will be made available to countries
to facilitate its use, especially by the political leadership.
Prepare a presentation on EFA follow-up, that could be presented
in Countries of the region and in different national and
regional meetings and forums, (to especially advocate comprehensiveness
ARABEFA has identified a leading UN organization in
each country which will:
Form a UN and other NGOs EFA support team;
Help initiate the formulation of the Country EFA team;
Support the preparation of the EFA plan; Four. Facilitate
the mobilization and fund raising at the National level.
It was decided to identify a high level Regional Ambassadors
Team, headed by Ali Fakhro (that is me) to contact or visit
key development or donor agencies in the Region for mobilization
and fund raising for EFA Activities. The Team will be provided
with a Document prepared by ARABEFA to explain and outline
major activities of ARABEFA and justification required for
financing. The mechanism and time frame for the preparation
of this document was adopted as follows:
the end of December 2000: ARABEFA members to submit suggested
Regional activities according to priorities of action.
2000: To have a document including all available and proposed
activities ready. All National EFA teams formed. All UN
and other Agencies country support teams formed. Countries
to start preparation of EFA plan.
Ambassador Team starts mobilization.
strategy will be as follows:
of and ARABEFA Newsletter; both written & electronic.
and mobilization of educational journalists to increase
awareness and advocacy of EFA.
the proposed activities that will be identified and formed both
at the national and regional levels, financial needs will be
estimated. The high level Ambassador Team will help through
mobilization for fund raising.