in the Framework of United Nations Literacy Decade
The EFA Global Monitoring Report
2002 and 2003/4 revealed that:
There were still 862 million adult illiterates in 2000, representing
20 per cent of the adults aged 15 years and over.
The gender gap is wide and narrowing only slowly; two thirds
of the world's illiterate population are women.
Around 61 per cent of people who lack literacy live in four
of the world's high-population countries: India, China, Pakistan
Referring to the literacy goal set in Dakar, the Report states
that, at present rates of progress, 79 countries will not
be able to halve their rate of adult illiteracy by 2015.
This flagship aims
at addressing the EFA challenge of illiteracy. Under UNESCO's
leadership, United Nations Literacy Decade offers an opportunity
to put special emphasis on literacy for all, and anticipates
the creation of literate environments essential for achieving
the EFA goals and the international development agenda (MDGs)
including eradicating poverty, reducing child mortality, curbing
population growth and achieving gender equality.
This flagship promotes literacy,
seen as a lifelong learning process that takes place both
within and outside the school system. Thus, among other strategies,
UNLD works to create synergy between formal and non-formal
The United Nations Literacy
Decade International Plan of Action lays down the principle
Placing literacy at the centre of all levels of national education
systems and developmental efforts.
Adopting an approach for promoting synergy between formal
and non-formal education.
Promoting an environment supportive of literacy and a culture
Ensuring community involvement.
Building partnerships at all levels.
Developing systematic monitoring and evaluation processes
supported by research and databases.
The major areas of activities
articulated in the International Plan of Action are:
1) Policy, 2) Programme modality,
3) Capacity-building, 4) Research, 5) Community participation,
and 6) Monitoring and evaluation.
UNESCO is in charge of coordinating
the initiative at the international level. Partnerships include
UNICEF, the World Bank, FAO, UNAIDS, UNDP, UNFPA, UNHCR, WFP
Literacy and Non-Formal Education
Division of Basic Education
7, Place Fontenoy
75325 Paris 07,
Phone : +33 (0)1 45 68 21 29
Fax : +33 (0) 1 45 68 55 17
E-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org