The Right to Education for
Persons with Disabilities: Towards Inclusion
According to estimates of international agencies:
More than 90 per cent of children with disabilities in developing
countries do not attend schools.
About 500,000 children every year lose some part of their
vision due to vitamin A deficiency.
41 million babies are born each year at risk of mental impairment
due to insufficient iodine in their mothers' diets.
For every child killed in armed conflict, three are injured
and permanently disabled. Of the 26,000 people killed and
injured by landmines every year, 40 per cent are children.
Over 10 million children are psychologically traumatized by
Child labour and maltreatment
such as corporal punishment, amputation and blinding of detainees,
lead to children becoming disabled and succumbing to mental
illness, physical and psychological disabilities, and difficulties
in schools or at work.
Moreover, the vast majority
of individuals with hearing or visual impairments in developing
nations lack basic literacy and those with intellectual and
mental disabilities are often treated with cruel neglect.
There is a strong link between disability and poverty. However,
all individuals with disabilities, given the opportunity,
can lead meaningful, productive lives, and contribute to the
social and economic well being of their family and community.
Education and lifelong learning opportunities can and must
overcome inequalities in economic and social development that
effectively marginalize individuals with disabilities.
The Flagship seeks to unite
all partners in its effort to provide access to education
and to promote completion of quality education by every child,
and adult with disabilities.
This goal will be reached through:
Encouraging policy-makers and managers to look at the barriers
within the education system, how they arise and how they can
Working to ensure that the right to education for all persons
with disabilities is incorporated in National Education Plans;
Stimulating and monitoring development in the field of awareness
raising and advocacy for the right to education;
Ensuring that EFA monitoring processes include data and documentation
of resources allocated to persons with disabilities; and
Encouraging work by students, parental involvement in the
classroom, teacher problem-solving and mutual support.
Development of policy guidelines to influence and support
national educational policies in becoming more inclusive in
Capacity-building on Inclusive Education approaches.
Production of training materials to stimulate the development
of inclusive approaches in education.
Use of new information and communication technology to develop
"New Opportunities for Children and Young People with
UNESCO is the lead agency for
the Flagship, which is a joint effort among United Nations
organizations, NGOs and donor countries acting together as
a catalyst in the process of achieving Education for All.
UNESCO and the University of Oslo form a joint secretariat.
The Steering Board is constituted of a number of organizations:
International Disability Organizations (IDO), UNICEF, the
World Bank, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development
(OECD), and national UNESCO Commissions of the Nordic countries
(Finland, Sweden, Norway).
Section for ECC and Inclusive Education
Division of Basic Education / Education Sector
7, place de Fontenoy / 753 52 Paris 07,
Phone: + 33 (0)1 45 68 09 74
University of Jyväskylä
Department of Special Education Postal address:
P.O. Box 35 (Agora)
FIN-40014 University of Jyväskylä
Tel. +358 14 260 1600, +358 14 260 1605, +358 14 260 1602
Fax +358 14 260 1601